ISSN (Print): ISSN Pending

ISSN (Online): ISSN Pending

Editor-in-Chief: Apply for this position




Surface Roughness and Deformation Effects on the Behaviour of a Magnetic Fluid Based Squeeze Film in Rotating Curved Porous Circular Plates

1Birla Vishvakarma Mahavidyalaya Engineering College, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Anand, Gujarat (India)

2Department of Mathematics, Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Anand, Gujarat (India)

American Journal of Marine Science. 2015, 3(1), 1-10
doi: 10.12691/marine-3-1-1
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
M. E. Shimpi, G. M. Deheri. Surface Roughness and Deformation Effects on the Behaviour of a Magnetic Fluid Based Squeeze Film in Rotating Curved Porous Circular Plates. American Journal of Marine Science. 2015; 3(1):1-10. doi: 10.12691/marine-3-1-1.

Correspondence to: M.  E. Shimpi, Birla Vishvakarma Mahavidyalaya Engineering College, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Anand, Gujarat (India). Email: mukesh.shimpi@,


The combined effect of surface roughness and bearing deformation on the magnetic fluid lubrication of a squeeze film between two rotating transversely rough porous circular plates has been investigated. The results indicate that the bearing performance gets adversely affected by the surface roughness, bearing deformation combination, even if, a magnetic fluid has been considered as the lubricant. However, the negatively skewed roughness introduces a better performance for a good range of deformation by suitably choosing the curvature parameters. It is appealing to note that, although there are several factors bringing down the load carrying capacity, still the bearing can support a good amount of load even when there is no flow unlike, the case of conventional lubricants. In addition, this article also emphasizes the role of rotation for improving the bearing performance.



[1]  Archibald, F.R, “Load capacity and time relations for squeeze films”, Transaction ASME, 78, A 231-245, 1956.
[2]  Prakash, J. and Vij, S.K, “Load capacity and time height relation between porous plates”, Wear, 24: 309-322, 1973.
[3]  Wu, H, “The Squeeze film between rotating porous annular disks”, Wear, 18, 461-467, 1971.
[4]  Wu, H, “Squeeze film behaviour for porous annular disks”, Journal of Lubrication Technology, 92, 206-209, 1970.
[5]  Murti, P.R.K, “Squeeze Films in curved circular plates”, Transaction ASME, F97, 650-656, 1975.
Show More References
[6]  Hays, D.F, “Squeeze films for rectangular plates”, ASME, 58, 243-251, 1963.
[7]  Vora, K.H. and Bhat, M.V, “The Load capacity of a squeeze film between curved porous rotating circular plates”, Wear, 65, 39-46, 1980.
[8]  Ajwaliya, M.B, “On certain theoretical aspects of lubrication”, Dissertation, Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidyanagar (India), 1984.
[9]  Ramanaiah, G. and Sundarammal, A, “Effect of bearing deformation on the characteristics of a slider bearing”, Wear, 78, 273-278, 1982.
[10]  Muhsin, I.A, “The effect of elastic deformation of bearing surface on the steady state performance of offset halves bearing”, Nahrain University, College of Engineering Journal (NUCEJ), 12 (2), 122-128, 2009.
[11]  Verma, P.D.S, “Magnetic Fluid-Based Squeeze Film”, International Journal of Engineering Science, 24 (3), 305-401, 1986.
[12]  Bhat, M.V. and Deheri, G.M, “Magnetic fluid based squeeze film in curved porous circular disks", Journal of magnet and magnet materials, 127, 159-62, 1993.
[13]  Chandra, P. and Sinha, P. “Ferrofluid lubrication of externally pressurized circular plates and conical bearings”, International Journal of Engineering Science, 31 (4), 593-604, 1993.
[14]  Bhat, M.V and Deheri, G.M, “Squeeze film behaviour in porous annular disks lubricated with magnetic fluid”, Wear, 152, 123-128, 1991.
[15]  Bhat, M.V, “Lubrication with a magnetic fluid”, Team Spirit Pvt. Ltd India, 2003.
[16]  Patel, R.M., and Deheri, G.M, “An analysis of magnetic fluid based squeeze film between curved circular plates”, Journal of National Acad. of Mathematics, 16, 74-84, 2002.
[17]  Jaw-Ren Lin, J.R., Won-Hsion Liao, W.H. and Hung, C.R. “The effects of couple stresses in the squeeze film characteristics between a cylinder and a plane surface, Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 12 (2), 119-123, 2004.
[18]  Hsu, C.H., Lai, C. Hung, C.R. and Lin, J.R, “Magneto-hydrodynamic squeeze film characteristics between circular discs including rotational inertial effects”, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology, 222 (2), 157-164, 2008.
[19]  Shah, R.C. and Bhat, M.V, “Ferrofluid squeeze film between curved annular rotation of magnetic particles”, Journal of Engineering Mathematics, 51 (4), 317-324, 2005.
[20]  Lu, R.F., Chien, R.D. and Lin, J.R, “Effects of fluid inertia in magneto-hydrodynamic annular squeeze films”, Tribology International, 39 (3), 221-226, 2006.
[21]  Tzeng, S.T. and Saibel, E, “Surface roughness effect on slider bearing lubrication”, Transaction ASLE, 10, 334-342, 1967.
[22]  Christensen, H., and Tonder, K.C, “Tribology of rough surfaces: stochastic models of hydrodynamic lubrication”, SINTEF Report No. 10/69, 1969a.
[23]  Christensen, H., and Tonder, K.C, “Tribology of rough surfaces: parametric study and comparison of lubrication models”, SINTEF Report No. 22/69, 1969 b.
[24]  Christensen, H., and Tonder, K.C, “The hydrodynamic lubrication of rough bearing surfaces of finite width”, ASME-ASLE Lubrication Conference: Paper no. 70, 1970.
[25]  Ting, L.L, “Engagement behaviour of lubricated porous annular disks”, Wear, 34, 159-182, 1975.
[26]  Prakash, J., and Tiwari, K, “Roughness effects in porous circular squeeze-plates with arbitrary wall thickness”, Journal of Lubrication Technology, 105, 90-95, 1983.
[27]  Gupta, J.L. and Deheri, G.M, “Effect of roughness on the behavior of squeeze film in a spherical bearing”, Tribology Transaction, 39 99-102, 1996.
[28]  Prajapati, B.L, “Behaviour of squeeze film behaviour between rotating porous circular plate: surface roughness and elastic deformation effects”, Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematical Science, 33(1-2), 27-36, 1991.
[29]  Hsu, C.H., Lu, R.F. and Lin, J.R, “Combined effects of surface roughness and rotating inertia on the squeeze film characteristics of parallel circular disks”, Journal of Marine Science and Techno. 7 (1), 60-66, 2009.
[30]  Davim, P.J, “Tribology for Engineering – A practical guide”. WP, Oxford-Cambridge-Philadelphia-New Delhi, 2011.
[31]  Deheri, G.M., Patel, R.M. and Abhangi, N.D, “Magnetic fluid based squeeze film between transversely rough curved plates”, Advanced Tribology, 54-55, 2010.
[32]  Ram, P., Sharma, K. and Bhandari, A, “Effect of porosity on revolving Ferrofluid flow with rotating disk”, International Journal of Fluids Engineering, 3 (3), 261-271, 2011.
[33]  Huang, W., Cong, S. and Liao, S, “Study of the Ferrofluid lubrication with an external magnetic field”, Tribology Letters, 41, 145-151, 2011.
[34]  Shimpi, M.E. and Deheri, G.M, “Surface roughness and deformation effect on the performance of a squeeze film in rotating curved porous circular plates with a magnetic fluid lubricant”, Journal of Tribology and Surface Engineering, 3-4, 175-195, 2011.
[35]  Lu, G.P. and Deng, G.H, “Squeeze flow analysis of magnetorhelogical fluids between two parallel disks”, Journal of Chongqing University of Technology (Natural Science), 2011-12, 2012.
[36]  Raoa, R.R., Gouthamia, K. and Kumarb, J.V, “Effects of velocity slip and viscosity variation squeeze film lubrication of two circular plates”, Tribology in Industry, 35 (1), 51-60, 2013.
[37]  Vadher, P.A., Vinodchandra, P.C., Deheri, G.M. and Patel, R.M, “Behaviour of hydromagnetic squeeze film between two conducting rough porous circular plates”, Journal of Engineering Tribology, 222 (part J), 569-579, 2008.
[38]  Deheri, G.M., Patel, H.C. and Patel, R.M, “Behaviour of magnetic fluid based squeeze film between porous circular plates with porous matrix of variable thickness”, International Journal of Fluid mechanics, 34 (6): 506-514, 2007.
[39]  Shimpi, M.E. and Deheri, G.M, “Surface roughness and elastic deformation effects on the behaviour of the magnetic fluid based squeeze film between rotating porous circular plates with concentric circular pockets”, Tribology in Industry, 32 (2), 21-30, 2010.
[40]  Prajapati, B.L, “On certain theoretical studies in hydrodynamic and electromagneto hydrodynamic lubrication”, India: PhD Thesis Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidyanagar, 1995.
Show Less References


Simulation of Track and Landfall of Tropical Cyclone Viyaru and Its Associated Strom Surges Using NWP Models

1Bangladesh Meteorological Department, Agargaon, Dhaka, Bangladesh

2SAARC Meteorological Research Centre (SMRC), Dhaka, Bangladesh

3Department of Physics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh

American Journal of Marine Science. 2015, 3(1), 11-21
doi: 10.12691/marine-3-1-2
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
M. A. K. Mallik, M. N. Ahasan, M. A. M. Chowdhury. Simulation of Track and Landfall of Tropical Cyclone Viyaru and Its Associated Strom Surges Using NWP Models. American Journal of Marine Science. 2015; 3(1):11-21. doi: 10.12691/marine-3-1-2.

Correspondence to: M.  A. K. Mallik, Bangladesh Meteorological Department, Agargaon, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Email:


Simulation of track and landfall of the tropical cyclone Viyaru that formed over the southern Bay of Bengal during 11-16 May 2013 has been carried out using Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) and MRI model. The WRF model was run in a single domain of 9 km horizontal resolution using KF cumulus parameterization schemes, WSM6 micro physics and YSU planetary boundary layer scheme. The model was run for 24, 48, 72 and 96 hrs using NCEP FNL initial and lateral boundary condition. The model has successfully predicted the tracks, re-curvature, areas and time of landfall of the selected tropical cyclone Viyaru. Even in the 96 hrs predictions the model has successfully predicted with reasonable accuracy. The lowest position error was found only 56 km and lowest time error was found 01 hour. The results clearly demonstrate that the track prediction error increases as the forecast hours increases except 24 hrs simulation. However, these results show the advantage of using WRF model with high resolution in prediction of the selected tropical cyclone Viyaru over the Bay of Bengal. Model simulated track was compared with that of BMD observed track and found that the model has captured the track in reasonably well. The storm surges and maximum tide was also simulated by MRI model at the time of landfall of Viyaru and compared with the BMD’s and Inland Waterways Transport Authority’s (BIWTA) estimated storm surges and maximum tide data. It is found that the model has also simulated the storm surges and maximum tide due to Viyaru in 24-hrs advance of landfall time.



[1]  Ali, A., 1979: Storm surges in the Bay of Bengal and some related problems. Ph.D Thesis, University of Reading, England, 227 pp.
[2]  Ali, A., Rahman, H., Sazzard S. and Choudhary H., 1997: River discharge, storm surges and tidal interaction in the Meghna River mouth in Bangladesh. Mausam, 48, 531-540.
[3]  Anthes, R. A. and Chang, S. W., 1978: Response of the hurricane boundary layer to changes of sea surface temperature in a numerical model. J. Atmos. Sci., 35, 1240-1255.
[4]  Anthes, R. A. and Chang, S .W. 1982: Tropical cyclones: Their evolution, structure and effects. Meteorol. Monogr. Ser., Am. Meteorol. Soc., Boston, MA, 19, 41, 208 pp.
[5]  Basnayake, B. R. S. B., Akand, M. A. R. and Nesa, F. F., 2010: Structure and movement of Very severe Cyclonic Storms over the North Indian Ocean simulated by WRF-ARW model. SAARC Meteorological Research Centre (SMRC), Scientific Report No 33.
Show More References
[6]  Bayers, H. R. 1944: General Meteorology, McGraw-Hill, 670 pp.
[7]  Chan, J. C. L and Gray, W. M., 1982: Very Severe Cyclonic Storm movement and surrounding flow relationships. Mon. Wea. Rev., 110, 1354-1374.
[8]  Das P.K., Dube, S. K., Mohanty, U. C., Sinha, P. C. and Rao A. D., 1983: Numerical simulation of the surge generated by the June 1982 Orissa cyclone. Mausam, 34, 4, 359-366.
[9]  De Angelis, D., 1976: World of tropical cyclones – North Indian Ocean, Mar. Weather Log., 20, 191-194.
[10]  Dube, S. K., Sinha, P.C., Rao, A. D. and Rao, G. S., 1985: Numerical modelling of storm surges in the Arabian Sea. Applied Math, Modelling, 9, 289-294.
[11]  Dube, S. K., Singh, P. C., Roy, G. D., 1985: Numerical simulation of storm surges in Bangladesh using Bay-river coupled l model. Coastal Engineering, 10(196), 85-101.
[12]  Dube S. K., A. D. Rao, P. C. Sinha, T. S. Murty and N. Bahulayan (1997) Storm Surges in the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea: The problem and its prediction, Mausam, Vol. 48, No. 2, 283-304.
[13]  Elsberry, R. L., Frank, W. M., Holland, G. J., Jarrell, J. D and Southern, R. L., 1987, A global view of Very severe Cyclonic Storms, Univ. Chicago Press, 185 pp.
[14]  Emanuel, K. A., 1986: An air sea interaction theory for tropical cyclones. Part I: Steady-state maintenance. J. Atmos. Sci., 43, 585-604.
[15]  Emanuel, K. A. and Raymond, D. J., 1993: The representation of cumulus convection in numerical models. Meteorol. Monogr. Ser., Am. Meteorol. Soc., Boston, MA, 46, 246.
[16]  Gray, W. M. 1968: Global view of the origin of tropical disturbances and storms. Mon. Wea. Rev., 96, 669-700.
[17]  Gupta A. and Bansal R. K, 1997: Performance of a global spectral model in predicting the track of a hurricane in the Bay of Bengal using synoptic vortex. NCMRWF, New Delhi Tech. report.
[18]  Hong YS, and Lim J., 2006: The WRF Single-Moment 6-Class Microphysics Scheme (WSM6). J. Korean Meteor. Soc. 42: 129-151.
[19]  IMD, 2013: A report on cyclonic storm, Mahasen over the Bay of Bengal (11-16 May, 2013). Cyclone Warning Division, IMD, New Delhi.
[20]  John SK 2004: the Kain–Fritsch Convective Parameterization, An Update. J. Appl. Meteor. , 43, 170-181.
[21]  Krishna Rao, A.V. R., 1997: Very severe Cyclonic Storms–synoptic methods of forecasting. Mausam, 48, 239-256.
[22]  McBride, J. L. and Zehr, R., 1981: Observational analysis of tropical cyclone formation, Part II, Comparison of non-developing versus developing systems. J. Atmos. Sci., 38, 1132-1151.
[23]  Mohanty, U. C. and Gupta Akhilesh, 1997: Deterministic methods for prediction of very severe cyclonic storm tracks. Mausam, 48, 257-272.
[24]  Prasad, K., 2004: Cyclone Track Prediction Experiments with Quasi-Lagragian Model, SAARC Meteorological Research Centre (SMRC).Scientific Report No 09.
[25]  Prasad, K. and Rao, Y. V. R., 2005: Further Evaluation of the Quasi-Lagragian Modelb for Cyclone Track Prediction in the North Indial Ocean, SAARC Meteorological Research Centre (SMRC). Scientific Report No. 12.
[26]  Prasad, K., and Rao, Y. V. M., 2006: Simulation Studies on Cyclone Track Prediction by Quasi-Lagragian Model (QLM) in some historical & recent cases in the Bay of Bengal, using global Re-analysis and Forecast Grid point Data Sets, SAARC Meteorological Research Centre (SMRC). Scientific Report No 15.
[27]  Prasad K. and Rama Rao Y. V., 2003: Cyclone Track prediction by a quasi-Lagragian model. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 83, 173–185.
[28]  Riehl, R. J., 1948: The formation of typhoons. J. Meteor., 5, 247-264.
[29]  Riehl, R. J., 1954: Tropical Meteorology, McGraw-Hill, 392.
[30]  Skamarock W C, Klemp J B, Dudhia J, Gill D O. Barker DM, Duda M G, Huang X Y, Wang W and Powers J G 2008: A Description of the Advanced Research WRF Version 3; Mesoscale and Microscale Meteorology Division, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado, USA, NCAR TECHNICAL NOTE. NCAR/TN–475+STR, June 2008, 113 pp.
[31]  Sikka, D. R and Suryanarayana, R., 1972: Forecasting the movement of tropicalstorms/depressions in the Indian region by computer oriented technique wing climatology and persistence. Indian J. Met. Geophys, 23, 35-40.
[32]  Singh, S. S. and Saha, K. R., 1978: Numerical experiment with a primitive equation barotropic model using quasi-Lagrangian advection scheme to predict the movement of monsoon depressions and Very severe Cyclonic Storms. Indian J. Met. Geophys, 29, 367-374.
[33]  Sinha, P. C., 1987: Hydrodynamic numerical modeling of storm surges- Application to the Bay of Bengal. Sadhana, Vol. 10, Parts 3 & 4, August 1987, 433-444.
[34]  Sinha, P. C., Y. R. Rao, S. K. Dube and T. S. Murty., 1997: Effect of sea level rise on tidal circulation in Hoogly Estuary, Bay of Bengal. Marine Geodesy. 20, 341-366.
[35]  Srinivasan, V. and Ramamurthy, K., 1973: Forecasting Mannual No. IV, 18.4. India Meteorological Department.
Show Less References


Variations in Vertical Distribution of the Young of Two Commercial Bivalve Species Depending on Some Factors

1A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, Russia

American Journal of Marine Science. 2015, 3(1), 22-35
doi: 10.12691/marine-3-1-3
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Delik D. Gabaev. Variations in Vertical Distribution of the Young of Two Commercial Bivalve Species Depending on Some Factors. American Journal of Marine Science. 2015; 3(1):22-35. doi: 10.12691/marine-3-1-3.

Correspondence to: Delik  D. Gabaev, A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, Russia. Email:


The results of a long-term study of vertical distribution of the two main fouling species on scallop collectors of Japanese design—Japanese scallop, Mizuhopecten (= Patinopecten) yessoensis, and Pacific mussel, Mytilus trossulus—installed along the Primorsky Krai coast, Sea of Japan (East Sea), are presented in this article. The mussel, associated with Japanese scallop, is in fact its food competitor, which reduces its survival and growth rates. Settlement of scallop larvae begins earlier in shallow waters, i.e. in areas, where upper horizons are wormed up faster. A significant similarity in vertical distribution of juvenile scallop between stations is observed. The positive correlation between depth and vertical distribution of juvenile scallop is recorded most frequently in years with a high water temperature in June; for mussel, this relationship is always negative. Both climatic characteristics of year and position of the station exert influence on the depth of the maximum abundance of the young of the studied mollusks. Exposing scallop collectors at the optimum horizon, 9.5–15 m, promotes increase in the abundance of M. yessoensis and reduction in the abundance of M. trossulus.



[1]  Burton, C.A., Mac Millan, J.T. and Learmouth, M.M. “Shellfish ranching in the UK”, Hydrobiologia, 465, 1-5, 2001.
[2]  Watanabe, T. “The present situation and problems of mariculture in Japan”, Plant. and Soil, 89. 351-369. 1985.
[3]  Xiang, J-H. “Mariculture-related environmantal concerns in th people’s republic of China”, Ecological and Genetic Implication of Aquaculture Activities, 6. 219-228. 2007.
[4]  Focardi, S., Corsi, I., Franchi, E. “Safety issues and sustainable development of European aquaculture: new tools for environmentally sound aquaculture”, Aquaculture International, 13 (1-2). 3-17. Mar. 2005.
[5]  Http://www.pewoceans. org.
Show More References
[6]  Http://
[7]  Shi, H., Zheng, W., Zhang, X., Zhu, M., Ding, D. “Ecological-economic assesment of monoculture and integrated multi-trophic aquaculture in Sanggou Bay in China”, Aquaculture, 410-411.172-178. Oct. 2013.
[8]  Su, Z., Xiao, H., Yan, Y., Huang, L. “Effect of fouling organisms on food uptake and nutrient release of scallop (Chlamys nobilis, Reese) cultured in Daya Bay”, J. Oceanic Univ. Chin. 7 (1). 93-96. Sept. 2008.
[9]  Belogrudov, E.A. “About some features of settling of larvae on collectors and growth of juvenile scallops Mizuhopecten yessoensis, Jay and other animals in Posyet Bay (sea of Japan)”, in Materials of the Soviet-Japanese symposium on Marine biology, Vladivostok Academic Publishers, 7-8. 1974.
[10]  Gabaev, D.D. “Spatfall larvae of bivalve mollusks and starfishs on collectors in the Posyet Bay (Japanese sea)”, Sov J Mar Biol, 4. 263-268. 1981.
[11]  Silina, А.В., Ovsyannikova, I.I. “The Yezzo scallop and it epibiosis in bottom and hanging cultures in Alekseev Inlent (sea of Japan)”, The bulletin of the Russian Far East Malacological society. Vladivostok Academic Publishers, 4. 103-105. 2000.
[12]  Gabaev, D.D., Taupek, N.J. and Kolotukhina, N.K.Specificity of conditions of existence a trade invertebrate on artificial substrata in evtrofical Amur bay (sea of Japan)”, Rus J Ecology, 36 (4). 370-377. 2005.
[13]  Ross, K.A., Thorpe, J.P. and Brand, A.R. “Biological control of fouling in suspended scallop cultivation”, Aquaculture, 229 (1-4). 99-116. Jan. 2004.
[14]  14. Guenther, J., Southgate, P.C.and deNys, R. “The effect of age and shell size on accumulation of fouling organisms on the Akoya pearl oyster Pinctada fucata (Gould)”, Aquaculture, 253 (1-4). 366. Mar. 2006.
[15]  Claereboudt, M.R., Bureau, D., Cǒté, J. and Himmelman, J.H. “Fouling development and its effect on the growth of juvenile giant scallops (Placopecten magellanicus) in suspended culture”, Aquaculture, 121 (4). 327-342. Apr. 1994.
[16]  Greene, J.K., Grizzle, R.E. “Successional development of fouling communities on open ocean aquaculture fish cages in the western Gulf of Maine, USA”, Aquaculture, 262 (2-4). 289. Febr. 2007.
[17]  VanDolah, R.F., Wendt, P.H., Kuott, D.M. and Wenner, E.L. “Recruitment and community development of sessile fouling asemblages on the continental shelf off South Carolina, Usa estuarine, coast” Shelf Sci, 26 (6). 679-699. 1988.
[18]  18. De Lorenzo, M.E., Pennington, P.L., Chung, K.W., Finnegan, M.C. and Fulton, M.H. “Effect of the antifouling compound, isgarol 1051, on a simulated estuarine salt marsh ecosystem”, Ecotoxicology, 18 (2). 250-258. Febr. 2009.
[19]  Gabaev, D.D., Kolotukhina N.K. “The effect of predation by Nucella (Thais) heyseana on population of Japanse scallop Mizuhopecten yessoensis (Jay)”, Russian Journal of Ecology, 30 (2).133-135. 1999.
[20]  belvin, S., Tremblay, R., Roussy, M. and McGladdery, S.E. “Inoculation experiments to understand mass mortalities in sea scallop, Placopecten magellanicus”, Journal of Shellfish Research, 27 (2). 251-260. Apr. 2008.
[21]  Gabaev, D.D. “Effect of fouling on thr Yezzo scallop Mizuhopecten yessoensis (Jay) in Peter the Great Bay (Sea of Japan)”, Oceanology, 53 (2). 183-191. Mar. 2013.
[22]  Oh, B.S., Jung, Ch.K., Kwon, M-G. and Lee, J.S. “The effect of Yellow Soil on Mortality of Korean scallops, Patinopecten yessoensis at Indor Tank”, Korean J. malacology, 26 (3). 179-183. Sep. 2010.
[23]  Marti´nez, G., Aquilera, C. and mettifogo, L. “Interractive effects of diet and temperature on reproductive conditioning of argopecten puppuratus broadstock”, Aquaculture, 183 (1-2). 149-159. Mar. 2000.
[24]  Robert, R., Gérard, A. “Bivalve hatchery technology: the current situation for the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas and the scallop Pecten maximus in France”, Aquat. Living Resource, 12 (2). 121-130. Jan. 1999.
[25]  Gabaev, D. D. “Biological substantiation of new methods cultivation of some trade bivalve molluscs in Primorye”, Ph.D. thesis, 1-129. 1989.
[26]  Shanks, A.L., Brinr, L. “Upwelling, downwelling, and cross-shelf transport of bivalve larvae: test of a hypothesis”, Mar Ecol Prog Ser, 302 (4). 1-12. Nov. 2005.
[27]  Diagle, P.M., Metaxas A. “Vertical distribution of the marine invertebrate larvae in response to thermal stratification in the laboratory”, J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol, 409. 89-98. Sept. 2011.
[28]  Gabaev, D.D. “Laws of settling on collectors of some invertebrate in Posyet Bay”, Biology of shelf zones of the World ocean, The thes SU Conf. Vladivostok Academic Publishers, 54-55. 1982.
[29]  Scavia, D., Field, J., Boesch, D., Buddemeier, R., Burkett, V., et al. “Climate change impacts on U.S. coastal and marine ecosystems”, Estuaries, 25. 149-164. 2002.
[30]  Drinkwater, K.F., Mueter, F., Friendland, K.D., Taylor, M., Hunt Jr, G.L., Hare, J. and Melle, W. “Recent climate forcing and physical oceanographic changes in Northern Hemisphere regions: A review and comparison of four marine ecosystems”, Progress in Oceanology, 81.10-28. Apr. 2009.
[31]  Belkin, I. “Rapid warming of large marine ecosystems”, Progress in Oceanography, 81. 207-213. 2009.
[32]  Belkin, I., Cornillon, P., Sherman, K. “Fronts in large ecosystems”, Progress in Oceanography, 81. 223-236. 2009.
[33]  Byrne, M. ”Impact of ocean warming and ocean acidification on marine invetebrate life history stages: Vulnerability and potential for persistence in a changing ocean”, Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review, 49:1-42. 2011.
[34]  Ito, S., Kanno, H. and Takahashi, K. “Some problems on culture of the scallop in Mutsu Bay”, Bulletin of Marine Biological Station Asamushi, 15 (2). 89-100. 1975.
[35]  Kasyanov, V.L., Medvedeva, L.A., Jakovlev, S.N. and Jakovlev, J.M. “reproduction of echinodermata and bivalvia molluscs”, Мoskow Academic Publishers, 1980. 1-135.
[36]  Kasyanov, V.L, Krjuchkova, G.A, Kulikova, V.A, and Medvedeva, L.A. “The larvae of the marine bivalve molluscs and echinodermata”, Мoskow Academic Publishers,. 1983. 1-200
[37]  Maru, K., Obara, A., Kikuchi, K. and Okesaku, H. “Studies on the ecology of the scallop Patinopecten yessoensis (Jay). On the diurnal vertical distribution of scallop larvae”, Ibid, 15. 33-37. 1973.
[38]  Heritage, G.D., Bourne, N. “Pacific oyster breeding in British Columbia”, Fish. Mar. Serv. Tech. Report, 882. 1-140. 1977.
[39]  Raby, D., Lagadeuc, Y., Dodson, J. and Mingelfier, M. “Relationship between feeding and vertical distribution of bivalve larvae in stratified and mixed waters”, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Series. 103(3). 275-284. Jan. 1994.
[40]  Revkov, N.K., Shalyapin, V.K. “Features of vertical distribution of larvae Mytilus galloprovincialis and formation of settlements of a mussel in Black sea”, Ecology of marine. 48. 58-62. 1999.
[41]  Bayne B. “Primary and secondary settlement in Mytilus edulis L. (Mollusca)”, J. of Animal Ecology, 33 (3). 513-523. 1964.
[42]  Milejkovsky, С.А. “Ecology and behaviour of larvae of mussels during them stay in a plankton”, Trade bivalve molluscs-mussels and their role in ecosystems, Leningrad Academic Publishers, 86-87. 1979.
[43]  Peteltihina T.S. “Cultivation of mussels in Barents sea”, Biology and cultivation molluscs. The collection of proceedings, Мoskow ASJFO. 60-67. 1987.
[44]  Gallager, S.M., Mainiel, J.L., Manning, D.A. and O’Dor, R.K. “Ontogenetic changes in the vertical distribution of scallop, Placopecten magellanicus, larvae in 9 m deep mesocosms as a function of light, food, and temperature”, in 9 th International Pectinid Workshop, Nanaimo, B.C., Canada, 1. 38-44. 1994.
[45]  Manuel, J.L., Pearse, C.M., Manning, D.A. and O’Dor, R.K. “the response of sea scallop (Placopecten magellanicus) veligers to a weak thermocline in 9-m deep mesocosms”, Marine Biology, 137 (1). 169-175. Aug. 2000.
[46]  Pearce, C.M., Gallager, S.M., Manuel, J.L., Manning, D.A., O’Dor, R.K. and Bourget E. “Settlement of larvae of the giant scallop, Placopecten magellanicus, in 9 m deep mesocosms as a function of temperature stratification, depth, food, and substratum”, Marine Biology, 124 (4). 693-706. Sept. 1996.
[47]  Konev, V.B. “A hydrochemical sketch of Pallada bay in Posyet Bay. Primorye territorial administration on hydrometeorology. A bureau of calculations and inquiries.” Vladivostok. PMGMS. 1990. 1-249.
[48]  Tremblay, M.J., Sinclair, M. “Sea scallop larvae Placopecten magellanicus on Georges Bank: vertical distribution in relation to water column stratification and food”, Mar. Ecol. Progr. Series, 61. 1-15. Mar. 1990 A.
[49]  Tremblay, M.J., Sinclair, M. “Diel vertical migration of sea scallop larvae Placopecten magellanicus in a shallow embayment”, Mar. Ecol. Progr. Series, 67. 19-25. Sep. 1990 b.
[50]  Ma, H., Grassle, J.P. and Chant, R.J. “Vertical distribution of bivalve larvae along a cross-shelf transect during summer upwelling and downwelling”, Marine Biology, 149 (5). 1123-1138. Aug. 2006.
[51]  Shuvalov, V.S. “Character of vertical distribution of larvae of bottom invertebrate”, Laws of distribution and ecology of the coastal biochenosis, Leningrad Academic Publishers, 32-34. 1978.
[52]  Kolganova, T.N., Hrushkova N.G. “To an estimation of a forage reserve of the Yezzo scallops in to lagoon Busse (island of Sakhalin)”, The thes SU Conf. Vladivostok PJSFO, 171. 1983.
[53]  Kuznetsova, I.A. “The characteristic of a food of the Yezzo scallops and edible mussels in conditions of mariculture”, Biology of objects of mariculture. Biology and cultivation invertebrates and seaweeds. Мoskow Academic Publishers, 65-69. 1987.
[54]  Fréchette, M., Gaudet, M. and Vigneau, S. “Estimating optimal population density for intermediate culture of scallops in spat collector bags”, Aquaculture, 183 (1-2). 105-124. Mar. 2000.
[55]  Zvalinsky, V.I, Lobanov, V.B, Zaharkov, S.P. and Tishchenko, P. J. “A chlorophyll, the slowed down fluorescence and primary production in a northwest part Sea of Japan in the autumn of 2000”, Oceanology, 46 (1). 23-32. Jan. 2006.
[56]  Gordienko, A.P., Yerokhin, V.E. and Chaida, V.G. “Research of a forage reserve of mussels in Kandalaksha bay”, Marine Ecology, 47. 84-89. 1998.
[57]  Moiseyev, P.A, Karpevich, A.F. and Romanycheva, O.D. “Marine aquaculture”. Мoskow Agrapromizdat, 1985. 1-253.
[58]  Pereladov, M.V. “To a question on the factors defining survival rate of larvae mussels at settling, and about vertical structure of biotop the Black Sea mussel”, V th All-Union conference on trade invertebrate, Мoskow ASJFO, 132-134. 1990.
[59]  Gabaev, D.D. “Through-cultivation of the trade bivalve molluscs”, Questions of fishery, 9(1) (33). 218-243. 2008.
[60]  Soldatova, I.N., Reznichenko, O.G. and Tsihon-Lukanina, E.A. “Features of fouling installations of mariculture of the Sea scallop”, Oceanology, 25 (3). 513-518. 1985.
[61]  Naidu, K.S., Scaplen, R. “Settlement and survival of the gigant scallop, Placopecten magellanicus, larvae on enclosed polyethylene film collectors”, FAO technical conference on Aquaculture E. Preprint Kyoto, 5. 1976.
[62]  Wallace, J.C., Reinsnes, T.G.”Growth variation with age and water depth in the Iceland scallop (Chlamys islandica, Pectinidae)”, Aquaculture, 41 (2). 141-146. Sept. 1984.
[63]  Aoyama, T. “Culture and propagation of scallop on Mutsu Bay, Aomori Prefecture, and the observation system of the related environmental factors”, Bulletin of the Japanese Society Fisheri & Oceanography, 50 (2). 179-180. 1986.
[64]  Ovsyannikova, I.I. “Distribution of cirrifooting cancers on shell of the Yezzo scallops at cultivation in hanging culture”, Sov J Mar Biol, 4. 71-76. 1989.
[65]  Allen, D.M. “Biological aspects of the calico scallop Argopecten gibbus, determined by spat monitoring”, Nautilus, 93 (4). 107-119. 1979.
[66]  Kashin, I.A., Maslennikov, S.I. “Fouling of constructions for cultivation of the Yezzo scallops”, Sov J Mar Biol, 4. 90-97. 1993.
[67]  Gabaev, D.D., Kucherjavenko, A.V. and Shepel, N.A. “Anthropogenous evtrofication of Posyet Bay sea of Japan by installations of mariculture”, Sov J Mar Biol, 24 (1). 53-62. 1998.
[68]  Gabaev, D.D. “Dynamics of the abundance of som bivalve species in Russian waters of the sea of Japan and its Prognosis”, Oceanology, 49(2). 237-247. Apr. 2009.
[69]  Park, Y.J., Rhee, W.Y. “Spat collection and larvae distribution of the scallop, Patinopecten yessoensis (Jay) in the east sea of Korea”, in 9 th International Pectinid Workshop, Nanaimo, B.C., Canada. 1. 194. 1994.
[70]  Sergeenko, V.A, Shpakova, T.A. and Kulikova, V.A. “Distribution and density of pelagian larvae of the Yezzo scallops (Mizuhopecten yessoensis) in the summer period in Aniva Bay (southern of Island Sakhalin)”, Works of SachSIIPO, 7. 71-82. 2005.
[71]  Razin, A.I. “Sea trade molluscs of southern of Primorski Territory”, proceedings of PSIIFO, 8. 1934. 1-110.
[72]  Skarlato, O.A. “Bivalve molluscs of the Far East seas USSR (group of Dysodonta). A determinant on fauna of the USSR”, Leningrad Academic Publishers, 71. 1960. 1-150.
[73]  Skarlato, O.A. “Folding molluscs of temperate waters of a northwest part of Pacific ocean”, Leningrad Academic Publishers, 1981. 1-480.
[74]  Dulenina, P.A, Dulenin, A.A. “Distribution, dimensional, age structure and growth of Yezzo scallops Mizuhopecten yessoensis (Bivalvia: Pectinidae) in the northwest parts of Tatar strait”, Sov J Mar Biol, 38 (4). 290-297. 2012.
Show Less References