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Article

Simulation of Track and Landfall of Tropical Cyclone Viyaru and Its Associated Strom Surges Using NWP Models

1Bangladesh Meteorological Department, Agargaon, Dhaka, Bangladesh

2SAARC Meteorological Research Centre (SMRC), Dhaka, Bangladesh

3Department of Physics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh


American Journal of Marine Science. 2015, 3(1), 11-21
doi: 10.12691/marine-3-1-2
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
M. A. K. Mallik, M. N. Ahasan, M. A. M. Chowdhury. Simulation of Track and Landfall of Tropical Cyclone Viyaru and Its Associated Strom Surges Using NWP Models. American Journal of Marine Science. 2015; 3(1):11-21. doi: 10.12691/marine-3-1-2.

Correspondence to: M.  A. K. Mallik, Bangladesh Meteorological Department, Agargaon, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Email: mallikak76@yahoo.com

Abstract

Simulation of track and landfall of the tropical cyclone Viyaru that formed over the southern Bay of Bengal during 11-16 May 2013 has been carried out using Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) and MRI model. The WRF model was run in a single domain of 9 km horizontal resolution using KF cumulus parameterization schemes, WSM6 micro physics and YSU planetary boundary layer scheme. The model was run for 24, 48, 72 and 96 hrs using NCEP FNL initial and lateral boundary condition. The model has successfully predicted the tracks, re-curvature, areas and time of landfall of the selected tropical cyclone Viyaru. Even in the 96 hrs predictions the model has successfully predicted with reasonable accuracy. The lowest position error was found only 56 km and lowest time error was found 01 hour. The results clearly demonstrate that the track prediction error increases as the forecast hours increases except 24 hrs simulation. However, these results show the advantage of using WRF model with high resolution in prediction of the selected tropical cyclone Viyaru over the Bay of Bengal. Model simulated track was compared with that of BMD observed track and found that the model has captured the track in reasonably well. The storm surges and maximum tide was also simulated by MRI model at the time of landfall of Viyaru and compared with the BMD’s and Inland Waterways Transport Authority’s (BIWTA) estimated storm surges and maximum tide data. It is found that the model has also simulated the storm surges and maximum tide due to Viyaru in 24-hrs advance of landfall time.

Keywords

References

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Article

Variations in Vertical Distribution of the Young of Two Commercial Bivalve Species Depending on Some Factors

1A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, Russia


American Journal of Marine Science. 2015, 3(1), 22-35
doi: 10.12691/marine-3-1-3
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Delik D. Gabaev. Variations in Vertical Distribution of the Young of Two Commercial Bivalve Species Depending on Some Factors. American Journal of Marine Science. 2015; 3(1):22-35. doi: 10.12691/marine-3-1-3.

Correspondence to: Delik  D. Gabaev, A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, Russia. Email: gabaevdd11@outlook.com

Abstract

The results of a long-term study of vertical distribution of the two main fouling species on scallop collectors of Japanese design—Japanese scallop, Mizuhopecten (= Patinopecten) yessoensis, and Pacific mussel, Mytilus trossulus—installed along the Primorsky Krai coast, Sea of Japan (East Sea), are presented in this article. The mussel, associated with Japanese scallop, is in fact its food competitor, which reduces its survival and growth rates. Settlement of scallop larvae begins earlier in shallow waters, i.e. in areas, where upper horizons are wormed up faster. A significant similarity in vertical distribution of juvenile scallop between stations is observed. The positive correlation between depth and vertical distribution of juvenile scallop is recorded most frequently in years with a high water temperature in June; for mussel, this relationship is always negative. Both climatic characteristics of year and position of the station exert influence on the depth of the maximum abundance of the young of the studied mollusks. Exposing scallop collectors at the optimum horizon, 9.5–15 m, promotes increase in the abundance of M. yessoensis and reduction in the abundance of M. trossulus.

Keywords

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Article

Isolation and Screening of Marine Bacteria Producing Anti-Cancer Enzyme L-Asparaginase

1Department of Applied Microbiology, Sri Padmavati Mahila Visvavidyalayam, Tirupati


American Journal of Marine Science. 2016, 4(1), 1-3
doi: 10.12691/marine-4-1-1
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
M. Bhargavi, R. Jayamadhuri. Isolation and Screening of Marine Bacteria Producing Anti-Cancer Enzyme L-Asparaginase. American Journal of Marine Science. 2016; 4(1):1-3. doi: 10.12691/marine-4-1-1.

Correspondence to: M.  Bhargavi, Department of Applied Microbiology, Sri Padmavati Mahila Visvavidyalayam, Tirupati. Email: vkrbhargavi@gmail.com

Abstract

PURPOSE: The objective of this investigation was to isolation and screening of marine bacteria for L-asparaginase activity. METHODS: Marine bacteria were isolated from water samples obtained from Kerala sea coast in India. The isolates were identified as marine bacteria by microscopical and bio-chemical tests. Production of L-asparaginase was carried out in submerged fermentation media (glycerol asparagine media). RESULTS: Among three marine isolates subjected to screening only one isolate BKJM-VB showed potential L-asparaginase activity. CONCLUSION: The study revealed that marine bacteria may be a potential source of high yield, high substrate specificity L-asparaginase which is an anti-leukemic agent.

Keywords

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