Journal of Food and Nutrition Research

ISSN (Print): 2333-1119

ISSN (Online): 2333-1240

Editor-in-Chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal




Nutritional Status of School Children in Tripoli City, Libya 2012

1Department of Food Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt

Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2016, 4(4), 223-229
doi: 10.12691/jfnr-4-4-5
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Enayat Mahmoud Hassan, Laila Ashour Khalifa Hashad, Magda Ibrahim Hassan. Nutritional Status of School Children in Tripoli City, Libya 2012. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2016; 4(4):223-229. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-4-4-5.

Correspondence to: Magda  Ibrahim Hassan, Department of Food Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt. Email:


This investigation aimed to assess the nutritional status & the prevalence of obesity among school children in Tripoli, Libya. 94 children were chosen randomly from primary private schools in central Tripoli. A structured questionnaire was done, then administered to mothers to get demographic data. Anthropometric measurements (weight, height, Mid-Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC), and Body Fat Percentile (BFP)). Each mother was asked to complete 24 hour recall on three days for every child. Blood biochemical parameters of children (hemoglobin, minerals & vitamins) were estimated. About 90% of children took over their requirements of fat and carbohydrates. Most of the children did not get their requirements from vitamin D according to 24 h recall. One third of children were stunted (H/A average 133.78cm). About 50% of children were over-weighted or obese according to anthropometric measurement. The values of serum hemoglobin, and vitamin B12 levels were normal in all children. On the contrary, 66% of school students had low concentrations (<10 ng/ml) of vitamin D. Fat intake of the majority of children (90.4%) was high. However, 78.8% of them consumed potato chips (p= 0.027). More than half of obese children (21.3%) got daily expenses of two LYD or more (p= 0.05) (relationship between pocket money and BMI). A positive correlation (r = 0.222; P < 0.005) was noted between pocket money and body fat percentile. A highly significant correlation (r = 0.332; P < 0.001) was observed between body fat percentile and arm circumference. This study found a prevalence of over-weight, obesity, stunting and deficiency of vitamin D among primary school children in Tripoli, Libya. Similar studies are needed to do in the future in different areas in Libya.



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Screening Different Zambian Market Classes of Common Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) for Antioxidant Properties and Total Phenolic Profiles

1Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia

2Department of Chemistry, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia

3Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Cape Town, 7701 Rondebosch, South Africa

Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2016, 4(4), 230-236
doi: 10.12691/jfnr-4-4-6
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Nyau V., Prakash S., Rodrigues J., Farrant J.. Screening Different Zambian Market Classes of Common Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) for Antioxidant Properties and Total Phenolic Profiles. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2016; 4(4):230-236. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-4-4-6.

Correspondence to: Nyau  V., Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia. Email:


Nutraceutical foods are thought to play an important role in the prevention and management of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, obesity and some cancers. This study was undertaken to screen the commonly grown Zambian market classes of common beans for nutraceutical value based on the antioxidant activities (DPPH and FRAP) and total polyphenolic profiles. Phenolic phytochemical profiles were determined using Folin Ciocalteu assay and aluminium chloride colorimetric method. The total polyphenol content ranged from 37.3 to 123.7 mg GAE / 100 g DW. Red beans consistently displayed the highest total polyphenol contents in both the methanolic and aqueous extracts, followed by grey mottled, brown and white. Tannin concentration ranged from 10.2 to 55.4 mg GAE / 100 g DW for the aqueous and from 3.1 to 53 mg GAE / 100 g DW for the 70% methanol extract. Flavonoid concentration ranged from 42.1 to 62.6 mg quercetin equivalents / 100 g DW (aqueous extraction) and 95.2 to 123.5 mg quercetin equivalents / 100 g DW (70% methanol extraction). The various classes of common beans displayed varying antioxidant activities. The bean extracts exhibited DPPH free radical scavenging activities with pseudo first-order rate constants (K) ranging between 0.006 min-1 and 0.053 min-1 and FRAP derived antioxidant power between 1.69 and 6.88 Fe2+ / 100 g DW. The red market class displayed the highest antioxidant activity in the aqueous extract, but showed little difference with the grey mottled beans in the methanolic extract. Ranking the market classes based on the free radical scavenging capacities and the FRAP-derived total antioxidant power, the following order was observed: red beans > grey mottled beans > brown beans > white beans. On a comparative basis, white beans displayed far lower antioxidant activities compared to the others.



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Ready-to-Eat Breakfast Cereal Consumption Habits of University Students in Manisa Province of Turkey

1Department of Food Engineering, Celal Bayar University, Manisa, TURKEY

Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2016, 4(4), 237-242
doi: 10.12691/jfnr-4-4-7
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Nazli Savlak, Murat Kahya, Seren Unal, Ece Ates. Ready-to-Eat Breakfast Cereal Consumption Habits of University Students in Manisa Province of Turkey. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2016; 4(4):237-242. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-4-4-7.

Correspondence to: Nazli  Savlak, Department of Food Engineering, Celal Bayar University, Manisa, TURKEY. Email:


Relationship between ready-to-eat breakfast cereal (RTEC) consumption and nutrient intake of children is extensively studied in the literature. However, little is known about the consumption habits of university students. The objective of this study was to investigate RTEC consumption and buying habits of university students in Manisa, Turkey. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 421 students chosen randomly from Celal Bayar University Muradiye Campus during the spring semester of 2014. Participants were asked to fill out a self- reported questionnaire including 28 questions on their breakfast cereals consumption and buying trends. Gender, age, education programme and place of residence were the independent variables in the study and results were analysed statistically by Pearson chi-squre test using PASW Statistics Ver.18. The main findings in the study were as follows: 43.46% of the participants consumed RTEC and the main reason to consume RTEC was to find it practical. Female participants consumed RTEC more than male participants and participants aged between 19-22 consumed RTEC more than other age groups. 61.75% of the participants consumed RTEC at breakfast, while 25.68% consumed at snack time, 4.92% at lunch and 1.09% at dinner. 66.12% of the consumers consumed RTEC with milk and 24.59% with yogurt. 75.95% of the participants did not consume RTEC with sugar. 78.14% of the consumers found RTEC nutritious and 52.45% consumed with weight reducing diet. 79.16% of the participants consuming RTEC with diet was female. This study showed that university students and especially girls were potential RTEC consumers. Studies on consumption habits of RTEC should be enhanced due to the missing literature in this field.



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