You are here

American Journal of Educational Research

ISSN (Print): 2327-6126

ISSN (Online): 2327-6150

Editor-in-Chief: Freddie W. Litton


Google-based Impact Factor: 1.27   Citations


Attitude of College Teachers towards Teaching Profession

1Department of Education, Sidho-Kanho-Birsha University, Purulia, West Bengal, India

American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(11), 834-839
doi: 10.12691/education-4-11-9
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Debdas Sarkar, Santosh Kumar Behera. Attitude of College Teachers towards Teaching Profession. American Journal of Educational Research. 2016; 4(11):834-839. doi: 10.12691/education-4-11-9.

Correspondence to: Santosh  Kumar Behera, Department of Education, Sidho-Kanho-Birsha University, Purulia, West Bengal, India. Email:,


The holiest place on the earth is not a Temple or a Church or a Mosque but a School. The sacred person in the world is not a Priest or a Pope or a Moullabi but a Teacher. Teacher was compared to a God and treated as a combination of the Trimurty (Brahma, Vishnu and Maheswar) as well as the supreme one i.e., “Guru Brahma, Guru Bishnu, Gurudeb Maheswar, Guru Sakhat Paramabrahma Tasmeisri Gurabe Namah”. According to the Indian culture a child receives his first physical birth from the parents and the second birth of the hands of the teacher. The teacher is given a higher position than parents, because he opines the pupil’s eyes of knowledge and moulds his character. Teacher plays an important role as friend, philosopher guide and helper of the student. The society places high hopes on a teacher. Keeping the importance of Teaching Profession an attempt has made through this study by the investigators to know the attitude of College teachers towards Teaching Profession in Cooch Behar District of West Bengal. The present study was based on survey method, particularly, the normative survey research method. One hundred eighty teachers (both male and female) teaching in Social and General Science streams were taken as representative sample of the whole population. An attitude scale was used for collecting the data. The means of both groups were tested for significance of difference by using ‘CR’ test. It was found that, the attitude of College teachers of Cooch Behar district of West Bengal is neither more favourable nor unfavourable towards Teaching Profession i.e., satisfactory or average in attitude towards Teaching Profession.



[1]  Anikweze, C.M., Ojo, O.M., & Aiyanga, A.A. (2002). Teacher education in Nigeria. A reflection of Kabiru Isiaku. Abuja: N.C.C.E.
[2]  Barwal, S.K. (2011) Attitude of Secondary School Teachers towards their Teaching Profession. International Journal of Education and Allied Science (IJEAS), Vol-3, Issue-1 (Jan-Jun) / Page 1-200.
[3]  Belagali, H.V. (2011), “Study of Teachers Attitude Towards Teaching Profession of Secondary Schools in Relation to Gender and Locality” SSMRAE, VoL.III, September.
[4]  Banerjee, Srijita & Behera, S.K. (2014) The Attitude of Secondary School Teachers towards Teaching Profession in Purulia District of West Bengal, India. International Journal of Academic Research in Education and Review, Vol. 2(3), 3 April, pp. 56-63.
[5]  Gupta, A.K. (1984) Teacher education: Current trends and Prospects. New York: Sterling Publishers (Pvt. Ltd).
Show More References
[6]  Mager, M.S. (1992) Attitude towards Teaching Profession and Values of Student Teachers. Ph.d. in Education, Dr.Harisingh Gour Uni., Sarar, M.P.
[7]  NCTE (1998) in Quality Concerns in Secondary Teacher Education.
[8]  NCERT (1971).
[9]  Oruc, N. (2011) The perception of teaching as a profession by Turkish Trainee Teachers: Attitudes towards being a teacher. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 1(4), 83-87.
[10]  Okemakinde, T. (2013) The place of teacher in national development. The European Journal of Humanities and Social Development in Nigerian, 19(963-980).
[11]  Pervez, M. (2010): School Administration, Aligarh, Kitab Ghar, pp-58-59.
[12]  Panday, N. (1998): Research in Teacher Education in India: Some Emerging Issues, University News, Vol-36, No-3, PP-8-12.
[13]  Ramakrishnanaih, D. (1989) A study of job satisfaction, attitude towards teaching and job involvement of College teachers. Unpublished M.Phil dissertation, Sri. Venkateswara University.
[14]  Saxena, J. (1995) A Study of Teacher Effectiveness in relation to Adjustment, Job-satisfaction and Attitude towards Teaching Profession. Ph.d. in Education, Garhwal Uni.
[15]  Trivedi, Tripta (2011) Assessing secondary school teachers’ Attitude towards teaching profession, AIAER, Vol. 23, No.1&2, June & Dec.
[16]  The Report of the University Education Commission (1948).
[17]  The National Policy on Education (1986).
[18]  The Report of Kothari Commission (1964-66).
[19]  Zayapragassarazan, Z, & Pughazhendi, S. (2007) Perception of B.Ed. Student-teachers towards Teaching Practice Programme. Educational Tracts, Vol-6, No-6.
Show Less References


Staff Perception on Conflict Management Strategies in Tertiary Institutions of Adamawa State, Nigeria

1Departmentof Science Education, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Adamawa state Nigeria

2Department of Islamic Studies, Federal College of Education, Yola, Adamawa state Nigeria

American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(11), 840-846
doi: 10.12691/education-4-11-10
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
John Sakiyo, Amina Mohammed. Staff Perception on Conflict Management Strategies in Tertiary Institutions of Adamawa State, Nigeria. American Journal of Educational Research. 2016; 4(11):840-846. doi: 10.12691/education-4-11-10.

Correspondence to: Amina  Mohammed, Department of Islamic Studies, Federal College of Education, Yola, Adamawa state Nigeria. Email:


Wherever there are people there is bound to be conflict due to their differences in all aspects in life. It is a well known fact that no two individuals are the same even identical twins. In a work situation people of different educational, professional, cultural and psychological background are employed to work hand in hand for the achievement of the organizations objective. As a result of these differences, conflict due occurs and conflict management becomes paramount. This paper therefore dwells on the perception of staff on the conflict management strategies and approaches used in Adamawa state tertiary institutions. The findings indicate that educational managers in these institutions make use of integrating, competing, compromising, smoothing and avoiding as conflict management techniques among their subjects. However, in managing these conflicts, the educational managers gives consideration to the level of trust among conflicting parties, the time and situation of the conflict as indicated by the mean score of 3.7 to 4.1.The paper recommends that educational managers should be careful in selecting the conflict management strategies for settling disputes among their staff.



[1]  Akpotu, N. E., Onoyase, D. and Onoyase, A. (2008). Effective Intervention of Conflict Management Techniques as Perceived by Academic Staff, Non-Academic Staff and Students in Nigerian Universities. Journal of Social Sciences. 17 (2), 113-120.
[2]  Aina, S.(2002). Modern Media Management. Abeokuta: Ebensun Publishers.
[3]  Bjornehed, E. (2005). Conflict Prevention and Conflict Management workshop Proceedings:Central-Asia Caucasus Institute and Silk Road Studies Programme Workshop, Uppasala, Sweden, April 8-9, 2005.
[4]  Boyd, S., Maguire, J. and Sanders, D.(2000). Work studies: A Carreer Education Approach (Book one). South Yarra: Macmillan Education Australia PTY, Ltd.
[5]  Brewer, N., Mitchell, P. and Weber, N. (2009). Gender Role, Organizational Status and Conflict Management Styles. The International Journal of Conflict. 13 (1), 78-94.
Show More References
[6]  Chaudhry, T. B., Shami, P.A, Saif, I. & Ahmed, M. (2008). Gender Differentials in Styles of Organizational Conflict Management. International Review of Business Research Papers. 4 (4): 345-357
[7]  De Dreu, C.K.W., Evers, E., Beersma, B., Kluwer, E.S and Nauta, A. (2001). A Theory-based measure of conflict management strategies in the workplace. Journal of organizational Behaviour. 22, 645-668.
[8]  Fallon, B. J. 1998. Conflict at Home and at Work: Do we manage the Conflicts in the same way? Presented at the Australian Psychological Society Annual Conference, Cairns, Queensland, September, 1998.
[9]  Fisher, A. and Brown, C.(2008). Conflict Management. Retrieved 27/05/09, 1:00pm at
[10]  Graham, S. (2009). The Effects of Conflict Management Styles on Job Satisfaction in Rural Healthcare Settings. Economics and Business Journal. 2 (1): 71-85.
[11]  Hamad,A. Z. (2005). The Reconceptualization of Conflict Management. The Interdisciplinary Journal.7, 1-13.
[12]  Hoban, T. J. (2005). Managing Conflict: A guide to watershed partnerships. Retrieved 05/08/08, 2pm at
[13]  Hopmann, P.T. and Talpain, L.I. (2011). Conflict Management Approaches. A paper presented at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS). The John Hopkins University.
[14]  Kast, F.E and Rosenzwek, J.E.(1982). Organization and Management, (3rd edition).Tokyo: Tosho Printing co.Ltd.
[15]  Knutson,T. J., Hwang J. C., Deng, B.C.(2000) .Perception and Management of Conflict: A Comparism of Taiwanese U.S Business Employees. Intercultural Communications Studies, IX-2. Retrieved 16/04/13
[16]  Kozan, K. (nd). Interpersonal Conflict Management Styles of Jordanian Managers. In Avruch, K., Black, P.W. & Scimecca, J.A (ed) (1991). Conflict Resolution: Cross CulturalPerspectives. Praeger, Westport, C.T Page Number: 85-105.
[17]  Lydney, N.R. (2010). Managing Workplace Conflict without making Enemies. Administration in Career and Work. Available online at
[18]  Manolescu, A. and Deaconu, A.(nd). Considerations Regarding the Conflict Management. JEL Classification: M12, M54.
[19]  Munduate, L., Luque, P. & Baron, M. (1997). Styles of Handling Interpersonal Conflict: An Observational Study. Psicothema. 9 (1): 145-153.
[20]  Murdock, R. (2012). Principles of Perception of Interpersonal Relationship. Retrieved 16/04/2012 @
[21]  Rahim, A.M. (2002). Toward a Theory of Managing Organizational Conflict. The International Journal of Conflict Management.13 (3), 206-23.
[22]  Ross, M. and Mawr, B. (1996). Conflicts and Conflict Management: A Cross Cultural Approach. Retrieved 16/02/2010 at
[23]  Slabbert, A.D.(2004). Conflict Management Styles in Traditional Organizations.The Social Science Journal. 4, 83-92.
[24]  Suping, T. & Jing, W. (2006). Interpesonal Conflict Handling Styles: A Survey of Chinese College Students. Canadia Social Science 2 (3), 44-53.
[25]  Thomas, K. (2009). Conflict Management. In Dunnette, M.D (ed). Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology. Page 900. Retrieved, 16/02/2010 at
[26]  Triandis, H.C. and Singelis, T. M. (1998). Training to Recognise Individual Difference in Collectivism and Individualism within Culture. International Journal Inter-Cultural Relations, 22, 35-47. University of England Human Resource Management Handbook (2008). Conflicts Interest. Retrieved 14/04/2013 @
[27]  Working Paper Series. Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Zagreb. PP 1-2. Vokic, P.N. & Santor, S. (2009). Conflict Management Styles in Croatian Enterprises-The Relationship Between Individual Characteristics and Conflict Handling Styles.
Show Less References


Exploring the Quality of Learning of Integrated Fader-based Domain at Department of Islamic Religious Education of Teacher Training and Tarbiya Faculty Iain Pontianak

1IAIN, Teacher Training and Tarbiyah Faculty Pontianak Indonesia

2IAIN, Ushuluddin, Adab and Dakwah Faculty Pontianak Indonesia

American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(11), 847-853
doi: 10.12691/education-4-11-11
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Lailial Muhtifah, Zaenuddin, Ma’ruf. Exploring the Quality of Learning of Integrated Fader-based Domain at Department of Islamic Religious Education of Teacher Training and Tarbiya Faculty Iain Pontianak. American Journal of Educational Research. 2016; 4(11):847-853. doi: 10.12691/education-4-11-11.

Correspondence to: Lailial  Muhtifah, IAIN, Teacher Training and Tarbiyah Faculty Pontianak Indonesia. Email:


This research aims to explore the quality of learning of integrated FADER-based domain at the Department of Islamic Religious Education (PAI) at the Teacher Training and Tarbiya Faculty (FTIK) State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Pontianak. Specifically the goals are formulated based the research questions, i.e. to explore: 1) the quality of learning prior to treatment of integrated FADER-based domain; 2) the quality of learning of integrated FADER-based domain in the control class; 3) the quality of learning of integrated domain in the class that received treatment; 4) the level of differences in the quality of learning of integrated FADER-based domain in the control class and the class that received treatment. The method used in this research was the True Experimental Design) with qualitative-quantitative approaches abbreviated to TEDQ2. TEDQ2 is a study conducted to two groups, one as the treatment group and the other as a control. Class A served as a control class and Class C received the treatment. The objects of the study were 78 students. The control class consisted of 39 studentse (23 males and 16 females) and the treatment class consisted of 39 people (17 males and 22 females). The data collection tools used in this research were observation, interviews, group discussions, and documentation. The process of data analysis was conduted in two stages. First, the analysis was carried out in the field at the start of data collection which consisted of 1) checking, 2) organizing, and 3) coding. Second, after the data were collected: 1) meaning, 2) interpretative, and 3) conclusion. Research findings showed that the indicator of integrative FADER-based domain in the class that received treatment had a higher quality than the control class as a whole. Finally, it is recommended that based on the findings the integrated FADER-based domain learning quality is necessary to be applied in order to improve the quality of learning holistically especially on the subject of Islamic Religious Education (PAI).



[1]  Nicholls Gill. (2002). Developing Teaching and Learning in Higher Education. New York: Routledge.
[2]  Candy, P. C. (1995). Developing lifelong learners through undergraduate education. In Summers, L. (Ed), A Focus on Learning, p ii-viii. Proceedings of the 4th Annual Teaching Learning Forum, Edith Cowan University, February 1995. Perth: Edith Cowan University.
[3]  Jennifer M.Core Jame, G. Ladwig. (2004). Professional Learning Pedagogical Improvement and The Circulation of Power. The University of Newcastle and M. Bruce King, University of Wiscounsin- Madison. Paper prepared for presentation at the AARE Annual Conference Melbourne, December 2004.
[4]  Asrat Dagnew, and Aster Asrat. (2016). Teachers’ Perception toward Quality of Education and Their Practice: The Case of Godar Secondary Schools, Ethiopia . American Journal of Educational Research, 2016, Vol. 4, No. 3, 248-253.
[5]  Mujib Abdul, Mudzakkir Yusuf. (2008). Ilmu Pendidikan Islam. Jakarta: Kencana.
Show More References
[6]  Green Frank. (2000). The Head Teacher in the 21 st Century, Being a Successful Schooll Leader. Great Britain: Pearson Education Limited.
[7]  Nata, Abudin. (2009). Perspektif Islam tentang Strategi Pembelajaran. Jakarta: Kencana.
[8]  Kerry Shephard. 2007. Higher education for sustainability: seeking affective learning outcomes. Higher Education Development Centre, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. Vol. 9 Iss: 1.
[9]  George W. Fairweather, Louis G. dan Tornatzky. (1997). Experimental Methods for Social Policy Research: Oxford, New York, Toronto, Sydney, Paris, Frankfurt. Pergamon International Press. Inc.
[10]  Bogdan dan S.K. Biklen. (1992). Qualitative Research for Education, an Introduction to Theory and Methods. Boston: Allyn and Bacon Inc.
[11]  Birbeck, David, and Andre Kate. 2009. The affective domain: beyond simply knowing. Australia; Learning and Teaching Unit, University of South Australia.
Show Less References