Special Issue "Initial Teacher Training and Educational Innovation"

A special issue of American Journal of Educational Research

Deadline for manuscript submissions: (May 01, 2014)

Special Issue Editor(s)

Chief Guest Editor

Dr. Moisés Selfa Sastre
Full Time Professor in the Department of Teaching Faculty of Specific Education Sciences of the University of Lleida
Email: mselfa@didesp.udl.cat

Guest Editor

Dr. Glòria Jové Monclús
University of Lleida
Email: gjove@pip.udl.cat

Dr. Charly Ryan
University of Winchester
Email: Charly.Ryan@winchester.ac.uk

Special Issue Information

In the full XXIst century, the initial formation of the teachers must be tackled from different points of view and ambiences of study and investigation given the heteregeneus competences that these teachers will have to transmit to his futures learners. In this sense, our intention is to offer a set of scientific studies that offer different routes to rethink the roll of the teacher at present whose formation must be tackled, undoubtedly, from the interdisciplinarity and the transdisciplinarity of contents and ways of learning that they help these teachers to answer with guarantees of success to the challenges that nowadays our society demands. This way, an initial formation is necessary from methodologies of education and learning as Learning Service, the work collaborative between equal, the hybrid spaces in which there have capacity both the University and the proper School and the Society, learning across the art.. .. Finally, we want to offer a new point of view for the initial formation of teachers who demand to the scientific community new methodologies of learning that must converge on the same direction: how must the teacher of the XXIst century be and how must be to confront his formation to give in a nearby future valid responses to the requirements of our current society.

Keywods

  • Curriculum, Research and Development;
  • Higher Education;
  • Science Education;
  • Teacher Education;
  • Cross-disciplinary areas of Education;
  • Art Education.

Published Papers

   
Abstract: The different types of typographies that we find today in the labels of our society lead us to rethink whether the typography that we are taught in school now and observe in school alphabets are functional for students in Elementary Education and Child Education, who later will have to read and to write with a typography that has nothing to do with what they have learned in school. In this paper, we describe a work experience in initial teacher training in which from the disciplines of Educational Process II and Language Teaching II we asked our university students what kind of typefaces they see in society and whether these are also those working in schools with students who are learning to read and write.
Abstract: This paper presents a case study of a group in initial primary teacher education students becoming researchers of their peers’ course experiences of school – university links. The connection between university teacher preparation programmes and work in school is a well-researched area with suggestions that there is a marked disconnect between the two. The project took an emergent approach to learning researching through carrying out a research project. Unlike many studies, both students and tutors were able to identify a range of links between their work in school and work in the university. Outcomes are presented for the becoming teachers as becoming researchers and as becoming teachers, as well as for the programme as a whole.
Abstract: We present in this article the documentation and analysis of a Service Learning (SL) experience conducted in the Faculty of Pedagogy of the University of Barcelona and entitled Els amics i amigues de la lectura [Reading Friends]. This is a training proposal in which first-year students on the pedagogy, social education, social work, and early childhood and primary education bachelor’s degree courses help the city’s children and adolescents to enjoy reading and improve their reading skills. The project sets out to achieve two essential goals. The first, to offer a response to a need which is crucial to pupils’ academic and personal success: raising their levels of reading competence. The second, to contribute to the improvement in university students’ initial training, offering a challenge which enables them to link theoretical knowledge and practical experience, develop basic professional skills and exercise social responsibility and civic engagement, while at the same time building an affective relationship with the pupils involved, with all that this represents. The article consists of five basic sections. In the first two we set out a brief overview of service learning and of the project itself, addressing some of the fundamental questions regarding its history and evolution. An overall vision of the experience architecture is presented in the third point, with a description of how its main phases develop. We go on to focus on analysis of one of the project’s key issues: the pedagogical relationship established between students and pupils. We close the article by offering a number of final conclusions, together with the consulted bibliography.
Abstract:

Special Issue "Ensuring the quality of higher education"

A special issue of American Journal of Educational Research

Deadline for manuscript submissions: (November 30, 2013)

Special Issue Editor(s)

Chief Guest Editor

Nina Tarasenkova
Bohdan Khmelnytskyy National University in Cherkasy, Ukraine
Email: ntaras7@ukr.net

co-editor

Prof. DSc. Zdravko Lalchev
Sofia University 'St. Kliment Ohridski', Sofia, Bulgaria
Email: zdravkol@abv.bg

Ievgenii Borkach
Ferenc Rakoczi II Transcarpathian Hungarian Institute, Berehovo, Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Ukraine
Email: barkatsj@gmail.com

Guest Editor

Zoltán Poór
University of West Hungary – Apáczai Csere János Faculty, Gy?r, Hungary
Email: poor.zoltan@atif.hu; poor.zoltan.ferenc@gmail.com

Oleg Melnikov
Belarusian State University, Mechanics and Mathematics Faculty, Professor
Email: melnikov@bsu.by

Special Issue Information

The issue of the quality of training in higher education establishments has been and remains the cornerstone for the effective functioning of industries, businesses and banks, the development of science, culture, education and society in general. Graduate student should be competitive in the job market. This means that they should not only get a good education, but also be willing and able to further self-improvement. To solve this problem it is important to discuss the comprehensive and diverse scientific basis of ensuring the quality of higher education, to review the results of scientific studies and the experience of higher education in various countries. The unanswered questions are: the definition of the concept of "quality of higher education", criteria and indicators of quality education, diagnostic tools, methods of monitoring the quality of education, ways and means of improving the educational process in Universities , the correlation of the quality education with higher education management and so on. In a special issue of the journal, we plan to deal with both - theoretical studies and practical achievements of scientific and educational community.

Keywods

  • The concept, criteria and indicators of quality in higher education
  • Monitoring the quality of higher education
  • Improving the educational process: content, methods, forms, and training tools
  • Management of/in higher education
  • Comparative studies
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Published Papers

   
Abstract: The article presents a comparative analysis, similarities and differences in the development of student learning and teacher training at universities in Japan and Ukraine are found. The origins of Japanese economic miracle are particularly suited to the training and education of the younger generation, combining western trends with the traditional humanistic educational principles. The Japanese education system, like Ukrainian, has undergone transformation towards humanistic many difficulties due to historical conditions and characteristics of the national mentality. Comparative analysis of the education system in Japan and Ukraine showed similar approaches in the educational process in schools: the structure of schools (primary, basic, senior), the operation of private schools, although there is a difference in the period of training; the use of credit- modular technology that promotes democratization of education; organizational forms of the educational process for the preparation of teachers (lectures, seminars, practical and so on.); Graduate School offers training both competition and on contract basis in government educational institutions; there are private educational universities.
Abstract: The article presents the humanization and democratization of the educational process of vocational and educational training teachers Ukraine, implementation of new educational technologies, finding the most optimal conceptual approaches to the development of national pedagogy cause growth of scientific and practical interest to study the experience of secondary and higher education, including the Republic of Poland. European requirements for teacher training, the quality of their professional qualifications and competencies, professional development of teachers - is the most pressing issue of training teachers in . Polish scientists actively working on finding optimal ways of improving training of primary school teachers in higher education. The most important industrial and educational and developmental functions performed by primary school teacher in the Ukraine, is a professional and personal self-help that improve the professional competence and pedagogical skills through personal and professional self-development, creating conditions for self-development and self-disclosure by the child self-development technologies and techniques.
Abstract: The article suggests an overview of secondary education characteristics in Ukraine; role, place and goals of studying mathematics in a Ukrainian secondary school; types of educational establishments are highlighted; terms of pupils’ study on each of the three basic stages are commented on.. Place and goal of studying mathematics at secondary school is discussed in the article. The results of senior pupils’ educational success monitoring on mathematics are analyzed and the examples of tests are given.
Abstract: The basic opportunities of Master of Logic program are considered in the article. A number of examples concerning its practical use while solving the basic class problems of propositional algebra are given. Program controlling component helping to develop and take measures to control students' and pupils' knowledge and skills more efficiently is considered. The article is primarily assigned for Discrete Mathematics, Mathematical Logics, Artificial Intelligence, etc. teachers of higher schools, Computer Science and Mathematics teachers of secondary schools, students of corresponding specialities and pupils.
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Abstract: In this article students’ success, their problems in the process of learning pedagogical knowledge, reasons of the low results, increasing of quality of knowledge with the help of role – situations at the pedagogical lessons are considered. There are different approaches to define the quality of future teachers’ pedagogical knowledge in scientific literature. During the investigation significant differences were found in the quality of the implementation of all functions of the educational process, especially about the characteristic of wording and definition of problems, planning of their decisions. We found out that the effectiveness of educational work in teaching disciplines is mainly determined by the students’ attitude to the pedagogical theory and realization of its importance in their future practice. The results of the establish experiment allow us to speak about the necessity to improve the quality of future teachers’ pedagogical knowledge in the system of university education. One of the ways to modernize this preparation is the simulation of role-playing situations during teaching of pedagogical disciplines. These methods create conditions for the active cognitive activity, nonstandard solution of pedagogical problems, improve the quality of pedagogical knowledge and the level of readiness for future professional activity.
Abstract: In this article the methods of formation of future teachers’ creativity in the process of learning philological disciplines is considered. Methods of different authors were worked out. The analyze of literature according to our topic helped us to separate out such methods that are important for the process of formation of students’ creativity. We investigated not only methods but also different forms of cognitive activity where the main thing is co-operation between teacher and students. Methods that are based on the role-playing and problem-situational tasks have influence on different spheres of personality: cognitive, emotional, motivated and psychological. It encourages to the further active development of pedagogical culture and creative activity. The main points, problems and ways of their overcoming are revealed. The given results of experiment prove the importance of introduction in the system of education the proposed methods. The use of such active work is evolution of creative thinking, intellectual skills, communicative abilities of future master of Philology. A modern student will be the creator in the future, and that is why it is necessary not only to work with his personality, but form his professional consciousness.
Abstract: The article focuses on the problem of university graduate students adaptation to the professional and pedagogical activity, ways and conditions of the acceleration of this process are also detailed. Factors, which stipulate efficiency of didactic adaptation of new teachers, which include professional and pedagogical orientation of teacher’s personality, professional knowledge and abilities, are analyzed. Conditions at which difficulties of educational activity of a new teacher become the mechanisms of effective adaptation process are found. Research of structural elements of young teacher professional adaptation and its basic aspects defined the necessity of purposeful pedagogical management of this process. The purpose of such management consists of providing of quickness, high level and firmness of adaptation, in reduction of moral-psychological costs of young teacher, in the rational use of knowledge, abilities and skills acquired at higher educational establishment, in the economy of spiritual and physical forces, in their creative bloom. The management of adaptation of pedagogical educational establishments graduating student supposes planning, organization, correcting of adaptive process and realization of control after it’s following.
Abstract: The article highlights transversal approach analysis in methodologies of social-pedagogical studies on the basis of historical, theoretical, technological and managerial aspects. Principles of implementation of the transversal approach, its main concepts are offered in the article. Kinds of social and pedagogical knowledge in the methodology system of science is offered. The characteristics of transversal approach in comparison of social pedagogy and social work problems is suggested.
Abstract: The present article describes the main features of a two-stage model of teacher training in and during the years 2006-2013. This time was sufficient enough for the basic training of future teachers, and this model continues to work today. In , the reduction in undergraduate training to 3 years resulted in a decline in the quality of training; the two-stage model also resulted in significant reduction of students at teacher training. This led to criticism of experts and the shift to a new model of teacher training with the scheme 4 + 1 and 5 + 1, the implementation of which was provided in 2013.
Abstract: The article dwells on the issues of teaching mathematics as a subject training organisational process. Historical principles and tendencies concerning subject-specialised school creation in particular as well as Russian and Soviet school practice are analysed in the article. The differentiation process experience on the high stage of school education in such countries as , and the has been investigated. The main functions of a subject matter mastering conception at high school have been pointed out. Mathematical education is considered to be the principal component of comprehensive education as well as the factor influencing the quality of education at a higher educational establishment on the whole run. The peculiarities of mathematical education content at a subject-specialised school in different directions of mathematical training have been illuminated in the article along with the deep consideration of succession problem of both secondary comprehensive and higher school educational processes correspondingly, which, in their turn, are regarded as the possible ways of education quality improvement in terms of higher educational establishment (HEE). The constructional principles of educational courses in various mathematical subjects are defined in the article.
Abstract: The article deals with the problem of implementing professional ethics into higher medical education while teaching foreign languages. In professional ethics of doctors encompasses the codes of morality, ethics, deontology and bioethics of major professional issues, providing facts how various professions define, interpret, and enforce ethical behavior. Professional ethics should only be educated in adolescence, in particular, while being a student. Humanity disciplines should be based on the identification of opportunities for education of ethical standards in students. The basic principles of English classes should be the use of individual, pair and group discussions of medical students’ about current professional issues, giving students the opportunity to think, to express their own thoughts and ideas and to focus on the content of cultural expression. During practical lessons the teacher should focus on medical ethics, its relationship with medical practice and modern ethics in general. Future doctors should strictly follow the main principles of medical ethics and confidential approach to patients’ problems, complaints, diagnosis and treatment.
Abstract: An important component of professional culture of teachers employed within the Higher Education (HE) sector is their corporate culture. The effectiveness of corporate culture influences teaching effectiveness. Results show that there is a frequent connection between the institutional goals and corporate culture. The behavioral indicators of the faculty members and interaction with other colleagues and administration depend on the interactions of personal values with values that the university declares. Corporate culture is taught in the higher educational system. A survey conducted among prospective university teachers revealed the need to improve the teaching techniques to ensure training in corporate culture theory. The study confirmed its primary hypothesis: different universities have common features that characterize the effectiveness of corporate culture in future faculty members assessed using value-motivational criterion.
Abstract: The modernization of Ukrainian education actualizes the investigation of the improvement and development of communicative competence of higher schools teachers as well as their future colleagues – Master's Degree students; the investigation takes place in the process of mastering pedagogical and professional subjects. The necessity of this problem solution is stressed by the majority of Ukrainian higher school teachers who face the insufficient level of preparedness for professional communication among today's young people, in particular, among the future teachers who are to have a definite level of communicative competence. The social-pedagogical necessity of professional training of communicatively competent higher school teacher nowadays is proved.
Abstract: The article considers the problem of teachers' professional burnout. Changing perceptions as to the phenomenon of professional burnout are generalized according to the historical stage of its study. The main theoretical approaches to the definition of the notion and psycho-physiological burnout structure are found. The factor analysis of teachers' professional burnout and stressor classification of professional character are presented. The stages of teachers' professional burnout and the main manifestation of psycho-physiological burnout phenomenon are determined. The classification of professional burnout symptoms is found. The influence of higher school teachers' psycho-physiological burnout formation on the level of pedagogical activity efficiency and education system functioning in general is analyzed. The level of application topicality and main approaches to the prevention measures of professional burnout are considered. Individual technology of psycho-physiological prevention is described. The programs of group form of professional burnout prevention are presented. The list of personality qualities of a specialist is proposed; their formation and development help to reduce the tendency to professional burnout. The methods of acquiring skills for stress management providing control for personal social and physical “I”, the changes of consciousness content, reproduction processes, suggestion and rational thinking are described. The universal methods of resistance to stress factors of professional character are proposed.
Abstract: The article addresses main questions of training future teachers of mathematics in Ukraine. The offered training model can be used in the classes for teaching methods of mathematics. This model provides theoretical and practical training of students with fully described stages of such classes. The correspondent system of methodological tasks for the formation of methodological competencies, enabling to use modern educational technology during educational activities was constructed. The article describes the problem of teaching students to use dialogue educational technology on mathematics lessons. It offers students a system of task with great examples how to prepare math class using such dialog technology.
Abstract: The paper deals with the highlighting of specific features of the introduction of the model of formation of future philologists’ professional competence by means of Internet technologies in the educational process. For this purpose it is necessary to solve the following tasks: 1) to perform pedagogical diagnostics of criteria and indicators of formation of future philologists’ professional competence; 2) to determine content characteristics of levels of formation of future philologists’ professional competence on the basis of the singled out criteria and indicators; 3) to implement the experimental content and methods of the additional training of students (on the basis of the author's course "Information Technologies in the Educational Process"); 4) to diagnose levels of formation of future philologists’ professional competence by means of Internet technologies and to make a comparative analysis of the obtained results with the results of the ascertaining phase of the pedagogical experiment. Diagnostic and statistical methods of research are applied in the paper.
Abstract: The article analyzes the results of determination of students’ – future math teachers’ beliefs about the state of their preparation for future professional activities. The measurement and qualitative analysis of students' beliefs concerning their future profession is an important pedagogical problem. The measurement analysis of Ukrainian students’ value beliefs (future Mathematics teachers) with the help of the methods proposed in the TEDS- M project are compared with the results of analogical investigations in Russia. The beliefs about the nature of mathematics; beliefs about learning mathematics and students’ mathematics abilities; students' beliefs about their preparedness level to professional activity were compared. Also “problem zones” for Ukrainian students' value beliefs were reviled.
Abstract: The paper focuses on the issue of university autonomy as a leverage of enhancing the quality of Ukrainian higher education, namely, how to effectively apply and appropriately adapt in Ukrainian universities international experience in the field of university autonomy. The authors trace the main tendencies in university autonomy from historical vantage point; identify the probable autonomy models for Ukraine with respect to its national identity, mentality and historical legacy; highlight the autonomous curriculum development as one of the vital aspects in the process.
Abstract: The content of mathematics education takes on a specific form of existence in a variety of shells – verbal and non-verbal, which are created with the help of sign and symbol means of a different nature. The language is the main means. In teaching signs and symbols perform a substitutional, cognitive, and communicative function; build up an informational basis of students’ learning activities. In mastering learning contents signs and symbols are the subject of study, and an instrument of knowledge. Operating sign and symbolic means is a necessary component of students’ learning activities, which is directly related to semiosis in students’ training activities and enrichment of the conceptual structures possessed and acquired by the students. Mastering different means of fixing the training material contents and every kind of sign and symbolic activity, namely – substitution, coding (decoding), schematization, and modeling is the basis of the information culture and a prerequisite for the development of each student’s personality. The selection and use of sign and symbol means should be made on the basis of the analysis of conflicts between the logical and visual. Such conflicts may have not only an objective, historically conditioned character. Most often they are generated by subjective factors – the advent of the students’ misunderstanding of the contents of the material and the negative attitudes to the possibility to understand the content, inability to place content in different sign and symbolic shell, the presence of adhesions (but not a dialectical unity) of content and form which were formed in the prior learning students’ experience, etc. Adequate conditions for the training and development of all students in the course of mathematics acquisition are created through a comprehensive, systematic and activity approaches to the use of verbal and non-verbal sign and symbol means. Thus, the new goal in teaching mathematics is the ensuring of the two processes unity: the formation of subject knowledge, skills and abilities, on the one hand, and the experience of independent sign and symbolic activities of students, on the other hand.
Abstract: The article focuses on those traits of a true teacher, which – if not inherent – should be fostered and acquired by the teacher themselves and will help in enhancing pedagogical excellence. The increasing role of the University teacher and the need to further improve the pedagogical skills of the University teaching corps are dictated by the general discourse of the society towards strengthening humanistic principles in inter-human relations, building civil society, and human-centered ideology. The paper details on those principles that give direction to, sustain, and renew educators on their journey toward educating their students.