ISSN (Print): 2328-7241

ISSN (Online): 2328-7233

Editor-in-Chief: Mohsen Saeedi, Hyo Choi




Study Patterns of Public Participation in Integrated Watershed Management (Case Study: Catchment Taleghan)

1Rural Development, Social Science College Tehran University, Iran

American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2015, 3(6), 187-192
doi: 10.12691/env-3-6-2
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Shima Safa MA. Study Patterns of Public Participation in Integrated Watershed Management (Case Study: Catchment Taleghan). American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2015; 3(6):187-192. doi: 10.12691/env-3-6-2.

Correspondence to: Shima Safa MA, Rural Development, Social Science College Tehran University, Iran. Email:


Sustainable exploitation of resources in watersheds and protect it involves looking at all aspects of the system, including the necessary attention to the role of local communities in the watershed. After more than two decades, the second generation of watershed management activities in Iran, the country experienced different patterns of collaborative management of watersheds, but has not been evaluated as necessary. Analytical models of collaborative management with internal and external research and field studies conducted in the watersheds of an internal model, using methods such as PRA and RRA participatory assessment been carried out Library and information field data and results of the socio-economic impacts and conservation of resources and the availability of participatory management objectives. To provide for the comprehensive management of watersheds, have been collected and analyzed. The results show that, in general, create a barrier and enter the area for the construction of the dam to the participation of makes it less .What government agencies and non-governmental programs or opinion should be more emphasis on public participation.



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Influence of Some Meteorological Variables on PM10 and NOx in Gurgaon, Northern India

1Department of Applied Sciences, Dronacharya College of Engineering Gurgaon Haryana, India

2Department of Chemistry, Government Senior Secondary School Kakoria, Rewari Haryana, India

American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2016, 4(1), 1-6
doi: 10.12691/env-4-1-1
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Ram Chhavi Sharma, Niharika Sharma. Influence of Some Meteorological Variables on PM10 and NOx in Gurgaon, Northern India. American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2016; 4(1):1-6. doi: 10.12691/env-4-1-1.

Correspondence to: Ram  Chhavi Sharma, Department of Applied Sciences, Dronacharya College of Engineering Gurgaon Haryana, India. Email:


Urban air pollution is rapidly becoming an environmental problem of public concern worldwide. It can influence public health and local/regional weather and climate. In the present study, airborne particulate pollutants PM10 and NOx data were collected for a period of one year (January 2014 to December 2014) at Vikash Sadan location in Gurgaon, a rapidly developing city in Haryana State in Northern India. The pollutants data were collected by the Haryana Pollution Control Board. The observed concentrations of PM10 ranged between 50.77μg/m3 to 451.0μg/m3 and of NOx ranged between 9.83μg/m3 to 216.25μg/m3. The seasonal- and annual-average concentrations of the pollutant were mostly above Indian air quality standards. These pollutants concentration were correlated with meteorological variables such as temperature, humidity and rainfall. The regression correlation analysis has been performed between particulate pollutants and meteorological parameters to investigate the relationships between them. This statistic will give an idea about which meteorological parameter play a major role in modulating the pollutants concentrations over Gurgaon.



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Adsorption of Chromium Ion from Industrial Effluent Using Activated Carbon Derived from Plantain (Musa paradisiaca) Wastes

1Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Allied Health and Environmental Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Kwara State, Nigeria

2Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

3School of Environmental Health Studies, College of Health Sciences and Technology, Ijero-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria

American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2016, 4(1), 7-20
doi: 10.12691/env-4-1-2
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
A.T. Adeolu, O.T. Okareh, A.O Dada. Adsorption of Chromium Ion from Industrial Effluent Using Activated Carbon Derived from Plantain (Musa paradisiaca) Wastes. American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2016; 4(1):7-20. doi: 10.12691/env-4-1-2.

Correspondence to: A.T.  Adeolu, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Allied Health and Environmental Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Kwara State, Nigeria. Email:


Plantain (Musa paradisiaca) wastes are readily available in Nigeria and if not properly managed, they constitute nuisance to the environment. They could be used, however to produce resource materials, such as activated carbon that are of public health importance. Therefore, this study assessed the use of plantain wastes in the bio-sorption of chromium from battery recycling effluent. Plantain wastes were collected from a plantation, sun-dried and ground. These were then carbonized and activated using phosphoric acid at high temperature. Samples of effluent from Ogunpa River were subjected to physico-chemical (pH, conductivity, Total Dissolved Solid (TDS) and Chromium (Cr)) analyses, using standard methods. Batch experiment studies were used in determining the adsorption isotherms of the adsorbents at varied effects of pH (2 to 12) and adsorbent doses (0.1 to 2.0g) with treatments by plantain prepared activated carbons. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics, paired t-test and ANOVA at 5% level of significance. Means of pH, conductivity, TDS and Cr+6 of the effluent sample were: 2.0 ± 0.2, 2164.7 ± 0.6 µs/cm, 895 ± 0.00 mg/l and 13.5 ± 0.0 mg/l respectively. The highest quantities (68.02%) of Cr were removed at pH 10 while the optimum adsorbent dose (2.0g) removed 68.91% of Cr. The adsorbents showed satisfactory fits of adsorption to Langmuir and Freundlich models. Adsorbents had capacity for the uptake of chromium from effluent generated from battery recycling plant with plantain peel activated carbon having the highest adsorption capacity. Conversion and treatment of effluent with plantain wastes should be encouraged in battery recycling plant, to reduce its menace in the environment and promote effective waste management.



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