Biomedical Science and Engineering. 2014, 2(2), 35-39DOI:
Abstract: The objective of the study is to expose the achievements of advance application of textile material. Previously textiles are only used as normally wound care products, diapers, braces, prostheses and outhouses, wipes, breathing masks, bedding and covers, ropes and belts etc but the technology has been upgraded. Textile materials and products that have been engineered to meet particular needs are suitable for many applications as well as medical and surgical application in which a combination of strength, flexibility, and sometimes moisture- and air-permeability is required. Materials used include monofilament and multifilament yarns, woven, knitted, and nonwoven fabrics, and composite structures. The applications are many and diverse, ranging from a single-thread suture to the complex composite structures used for bone replacement, and from the simple cleaning wipe to the advanced barrier fabrics used in operating rooms. Although textile materials have been widely adopted in medical and surgical applications for many years, new uses are still being found. Research utilising new and existing fibres and fabric-forming techniques has led to the advancement of medical and surgical textiles. At the forefront of these developments is absorbency, tenacity, flexibility, softness, or biodegradability.