Currrent Issue: Volume 3, Number 1, 2015


Article

Larvae and Fry Rearing of Bata, Labeo bata (Hamilton, 1822) Using Different Supplementary Feeds

1Department of Fisheries Biology and Genetics, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202

2Laboratory of Aquaculture and Artemia Reference Center, Ghent University, Belgium

3Marine Environment and Resources (MER), University of Bordeaux, 33405 Talence, France


American Journal of Zoological Research. 2015, 3(1), 4-8
doi: 10.12691/ajzr-3-1-2
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Md. Abdullah-Al- Mamun, Md. Sarower-E- Mahfuj, Maruf Hossain Minar, Dhiman Gain, Md. Mukhlesur Rahman Khan. Larvae and Fry Rearing of Bata, Labeo bata (Hamilton, 1822) Using Different Supplementary Feeds. American Journal of Zoological Research. 2015; 3(1):4-8. doi: 10.12691/ajzr-3-1-2.

Correspondence to: Md.  Sarower-E- Mahfuj, Laboratory of Aquaculture and Artemia Reference Center, Ghent University, Belgium. Email: Sarower_17@yahoo.com

Abstract

The present study was conducted under two experiments to evaluate the effects of different feeds on larval (experiment-1) and fry rearing (experiment-2) of Labeo bata fish. Experiment-1 was conducted in 9 bowls under three treatments each with 3 replications (T1, T2, and T3). Fish larvae in T1 were fed with plankton, T2 with commercial feed and T3 with laboratory prepared feed. On the other hand, six ponds were divided into three treatments (T1, T2 and T3) each with two replications in experiment-2. Fish meal was used in T1, wheat bran in T2 and laboratory prepared feed in T3. Results in experiment-1 revealed maximum length gain in T1 (1.56±0.69) (cm) which was significantly (P<0.05) higher than that of T2 (0.64±0.34) cm and T3 (0.98±0.29) cm. Furthermore, highest specific growth rates (SGR) were found as (2.85±0.27)%, (1.55±0.11)% and (1.99±0.15)% in T1, T2 and T3, respectively. On the basis of growth performance, live food (plankton) showed the highest growth performance in case of larval rearing of bata. On contrary, experiment-2 revealed the mean maximum length gain of bata fry in T1 (3.76±0.05) cm significantly (P<0.05) higher than that of T2 (2.85±0.02) cm and T3 (2.56±0.01) cm. In this case, SGR was found in T1 (0.91±0.01)% followed by T2 (0.72±0.13)% and T3 (0.65±0.15)%. Use of fish meal showed best growth performance during bata fry rearing in terms of growth performance. However, the survival rates were low in both the experiments; therefore further detail and intensive research are highly suggested.

Keywords

References

[1]  Mahfuj, M.S., Hossain, M.B. and Minar, M.H. “Biochemical Composition of an Endangered Fish, Labeo bata (Hamilton, 1822) from Bangladesh Waters”. American Journal of Food Technology, 7. 633-641. 2012.
 
[2]  Rema Devi, K.R. & Ali, A. “Labeo bata. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2”. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 15 January 2014. 2011.
 
[3]  IUCN Bangladesh. “Red Book of Threatened Fishes of Bangladesh”. M. Ameen, A. Islam, A. Nishat (eds). The World Conservation Union, Dhaka, Bangladesh, xi, 116 p. 2000.
 
[4]  Rahman, M.M., Akhtar, M.A., Fatematuzzhura, Tasnoova, S., Ahamed, F., Hossain, M.Y., Ohtomi, J. “Fresh fish marketing status in the northwestern Bangladesh: Recommendations for sustainablemanagement”. Our Nature, 10. 128-136. 2012.
 
[5]  Hussain, M.G. and Mazid, M.A. “Genetics improvement and conservation of carp species in Bangladesh”. Bangladesh Fisheries Research Institute, Mymensingh. 56 pp. 2001.
 
Show More References
[6]  FAO. “The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2008”. Rome, FAO. 2009.
 
[7]  DOF. “Fisheries Statistical Year Book of Bangladesh 2008–2009”. Volume 26, No. 1. Fisheries Resource Survey System, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock. 2010.
 
[8]  DOF. “Jatiyo Matshyasapakha sankalon (In Bengali), Department of Fisheries, Dhaka, Bangladesh”. 136 pp. 2011.
 
[9]  Suraiya, S., Khan, M.M.R, Haq, M., Hossain, M.A. and Ahammad, A.K.S. Morphological and allozyme variation of three river populations of Bata, Labeo bata (Hamilton) in Bangladesh. International Journal of Bio-Research, 6(3). 6-13. 2009.
 
[10]  Feledi, T. and Rónyai, A. Preliminary Results on Siberian Starlet Fry Rearing and their Comparison with some Production Performance Parameters of “European” Sterlet. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 13. 551-553. 2013.
 
[11]  Mollah, M.F.A., Mamum, M.S.A., Sarowar, M.N. and Roy, A. “Effect of stocking density on growth and breeding performance of brood fish and larval growth and survival of shol, Channastriatus (Bloch)”. Journal of Bangladesh Agriculture University, 7(2). 427-432. 2009.
 
[12]  AOAC. “Official Methods of Analysis”. Association of official agricultural Chemist 12 ed. Washjngton, D.C. p. 832. 1995.
 
[13]  Edelstein, T. and Prescott, G.W. “Rayssiella, a new genus of Oocystaceae (Chlorophyta) from Spring Lake, Michigan”. Phycologia, 4. 121-125. 1964.
 
[14]  Hossain, M.I., Khan, M.M.R., Siddik, M.A.B. and Hasan, M. 2007. “Effects of feed on survival and growth of local sarpunti (P. sarana, Hamilton) fry in glass aquaria”. Journal of Bangladesh Agricultural University, 5(2). 371-376.
 
Show Less References

Article

The Effect of Chromium on Glucose Content of Freshwater Fish, Heteropneustes fossilis

1Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Dhanmondi, Dhaka-1205

2Department of Fisheries Biology and Genetics, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202

3Food Instructor, Department of Food Technology, Gopalganj Polytechnic Institute, Gopalgonj


American Journal of Zoological Research. 2015, 3(1), 1-3
doi: 10.12691/ajzr-3-1-1
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Tahmina Hoq, Rakibul Hasan, Nazmul Haque, Md. Ashrafuzzaman. The Effect of Chromium on Glucose Content of Freshwater Fish, Heteropneustes fossilis. American Journal of Zoological Research. 2015; 3(1):1-3. doi: 10.12691/ajzr-3-1-1.

Correspondence to: Tahmina  Hoq, Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Dhanmondi, Dhaka-1205. Email: tahminahoq_ami@yahoo.com

Abstract

Heavy metal contamination have devastating effects on the ecological balance of the recipient environment and on diversity of aquatic organisms. Heavy metal like Chromium as an environmental stress or may alter the glucose content in fishes. Alternation of blood glucose level is the primary metabolic symptoms that can be noticed in organisms subjected to stressful situations. In the present investigation the effect of a heavy metal Potassium Di-Chromate on the blood glucose level of freshwater major freshwater fish, Heteropneustes fossilis have been studied at different concentration for three days. A group of ten fish were subjected to serial dilutions of the stock solution of k2Cr2O7 ranging from 20 ppm to 600 ppm in twelve large plastic bowls of 25 liter capacity by the semi-static (renewal) method. At the end of the exposure period, blood samples were taken from the control and experimental fish. Blood glucose level was monitored. The study showed that the values of blood glucose have a positive correlation with concentrations of this metal. The glucose levels were found higher in the exposed fish when compared to the control. In conclusion, the changes observed indicate that glucose level can be used as an indicator of chromium related stress in fish.

Keywords

References

[1]  Cohen, T., Hee, S. & Ambrose, R. 2001: Trace metals in fish and invertebrates of three California Coastal Wetlands. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 42: 224-232.
 
[2]  Storelli, M.M., Barone. G., Storelli, A. & Marcotrigiano, G.O. 2006: Trace Metals in Tissues of Mugilids (Mugilauratus, Mugilcapito, and Mugillabrosus) from the Mediterranean Sea. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 77: 43-50.
 
[3]  Karadede-Akin, H. & Ünlü, E. 2007: Heavy metal concentrations in water, sediment, fish and some benthic organisms from Tigris River, Turkey. Environ. Monit. Assess. 131: 323-337.
 
[4]  Idachaba, M.A., Nyavor, K. & Egiebor, N.O. 2004: The leaching of chromium from cement based waste form via a predominantly biological mechanism. Adv. Environ. Sci. Res. 8: 483-491.
 
[5]  WHO (1988). Chromium. In: Environmental Health Criteria, 61. World Health Organization, Geneva. pp. 1-197.
 
Show More References
[6]  Yılmaz, S., Türe, M., Sadıkolu, M. & Duran, A. 2009: Determination of total Cr in wastewaters of Cr electroplating factories in the I. Organize industry region (Kayseri, Turkey) by ICP-AES. Environ. Monit. Assess.
 
[7]  Mansour, S.A. & Sidky, M.M. 2002: Ecotoxicologcal Studies. 3. Heavy metals contaminating water and fish from Fayoum Governorate. Egypt. Food Chem. 78: 15-22.
 
[8]  Kumar, A. & Mathur, R.P. 1991: Bioaccumulation kinetics and organ distribution of lead in a fresh water teleost, Colisafascatus. Environ Technol 12: 731-735.
 
[9]  Patrick, F.M. & Loutit, M.W. 1978: Passage of metals to freshwater fish from their food. Water Res 12: 395-398.
 
[10]  Heath, A.G. 1987: Water Pollution and Fish Physiolog y. CRC Press Inc, Boca Ranton, Florida, USA. 245 p.
 
[11]  Almeida, J.A., Diniz, Y.S., Marques, S.F.G., Faine, I.A., Ribas, B.O., Burneiko, R.C. & Novelli, E.I.B. 2002: The use of the oxidative stress responses asnbiomarkers in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) exposed to in vivo cadmium contamination. Environ Int 27: 673-679.
 
[12]  Matos, P., Fontanhas-Fernandes. A., Peixoto, F., Carrola, J. & Rocha, E. 2007: Biochemical and histological hepatic changes of Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus exposed to carbaryl. Pestic.
 
[13]  Osman, G.M., Koutb, M. & Sayed, A.H. 2010: Use of haematological parameters to assess the efficiency of quince (Cydonia oblonga Miller) leaf extract in alleviation of the effect of ultraviolet-A radiation on African catfish Clariasgariepinus (Burchell, 1822). J Photoch Photobio B 99: 1-8.
 
[14]  Hussein, A.J. and Nadim, C. 2003: Bio-accumulation of zinc and cadmiumin freshwater fishes. Indian J. Fish., 50 (1)., 53-65, 2003.
 
[15]  Iwama, G.K., Vijayan, M.M., Forsyth R.B. & Ackerman, P. 1999: A.Heat shock proteins and physiological stress in fish. Am. Zool. 39., 901-909.
 
[16]  Barton, B.A. 2002: Stress in Fishes: A diversity of responses with particular reference to changes in circulating corticosteroids. Integ. Comp. Biol. 42, 517-525.
 
[17]  Barton, B.A. & Iwama, G.K. 1991: Physiological changes in fish from stress in aquaculture with emphasis on the response and effects or corticosteriods. Annual Review of Fish Diseases, 1, 3-26.
 
[18]  Salahuddin & Khola, R.K. 2013: The Effect of Chromium on Glycogen Content of Certain Tissues of Freshwater Fish, Channa Gachua. GJSFR, Volume 13 Issue 7: 27-30.
 
[19]  Silbergeld, E.K. 1974: Blood glucose: A sensitive indicator of environmental stress in fish. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 11., 20-25.
 
Show Less References