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American Journal of Rural Development

ISSN (Print): 2333-4762

ISSN (Online): 2333-4770

Editor-in-Chief: Chi-Ming Lai




Production of Japanese Rice through Contract Farming System in Wiang Pa Pao District, Chiang Rai Province, Thailand

1Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University, Japan

American Journal of Rural Development. 2015, 3(2), 41-51
doi: 10.12691/ajrd-3-2-4
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Kanokon Seemanon, Masahiro Yamao, Kenji Hosono. Production of Japanese Rice through Contract Farming System in Wiang Pa Pao District, Chiang Rai Province, Thailand. American Journal of Rural Development. 2015; 3(2):41-51. doi: 10.12691/ajrd-3-2-4.

Correspondence to: Kanokon  Seemanon, Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University, Japan. Email:


Many companies in Thailand have encouraged farmers especially the northern regions to cultivate DOA 1 and DOA 2 Japanese rice varieties (scientific name: Oryza sativa var. Japonica) through contract farming system in which each company may have different model and management approaches. Therefore, this study explored the currently prevailing contract farming of Japanese rice in Thailand especially in Wiang Pa Pao district, Chiang Rai province, to identify the advantageous and disadvantageous points of Japanese rice production, and to examine the important role of each stakeholder in Japanese rice production. The data of this study were collected from two state agencies, two rice millers, six collectors and thirty contract farmers who were selected for in-depth interviews by using questionnaires and interview forms. The contract farming model and management details were different in each rice mill such as signing a contract, purchase price, commission fee, specifications of rice quality, and so on. Lack of financial liquidity and fluctuation of contract price may influence the confidence of Japanese rice growers in the future. Moreover, lack of quality seeds was another obstacle of Japanese rice production in Thailand. The contract farming of Japanese rice involved many parties as follows: rice mill, collector, contract farmer, and state agency namely Chiang Rai Rice Research Center (CRI) while each stakeholder had different significant roles for the example; CRI produced rice seed to distribute to rice mills, and has developed varieties of this rice. Moreover, it established the Japanese rice community center to produce more rice seeds, and has encouraged farmers to raise the standards of production for the competitive domestic and international markets.



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A Survey Programs and Policies of Iran Government in Agricultural Sector and Effects on Villags Economic in Kermanshah Province

1Agriculture Economic and Development, Manager of Rural Research Central, Kermanshah, Iran

2Department of Rural Study, College of Agriculture, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

3Department of Agriculture Economic, Rural Research Central, Kermanshah, Iran

American Journal of Rural Development. 2015, 3(2), 52-59
doi: 10.12691/ajrd-3-2-5
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Mohammadreza Abbasi, Narges Azimi, Mahdi Jalilvand. A Survey Programs and Policies of Iran Government in Agricultural Sector and Effects on Villags Economic in Kermanshah Province. American Journal of Rural Development. 2015; 3(2):52-59. doi: 10.12691/ajrd-3-2-5.

Correspondence to: Mohammadreza  Abbasi, Agriculture Economic and Development, Manager of Rural Research Central, Kermanshah, Iran. Email:


Kermanshah, as a rich region in climatic peculiarities and fertile lands, has been one of the agricultural important provinces since ancient times. Rich harvest has always been in Kermanshah. the government has developed and implemented different projects and various strategies in Kermanshah both in pre-revolutionary period and in the last 30 years as a result of which different outcomes have been registered. The main objective of this work is the study and analyses of those programs and strategies, as well as the discussion of the positive and negative impacts of the achieved results on the agricultural economy against the comparison and evaluation of other countries’ practice. At the end of those comparisons we’ll also offer our conclusions and suggestions which will contribute to the improvement of the agricultural programs and to the increase and development of the agricultural sphere. the method of study is documentary and the existing documents, information and data have been used. An open survey has also been carried out among the peasants of the Kermanshah province as a result of which statistical data have been identified The field in the rural province of Kermanshah and interviews with people in the rural community of our survey form is a sample size of 324 participants from 14 city of the province were selected by experts professionals 12 index consider in this paper to analyze the data spss program also swot analysis for a better understanding of the strengths and weaknesses and has been created the opportunities and threats that the program from perspective the Villagers of government programs was successful in the field of Promoting and training and of mechanization and providing the agricultural tools and water supply and the development of new irrigation systems to increase rural incomes and improve their economic status.



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Disaster Risk Identification in Agriculture Sector: Farmer’s Perceptions and Mitigation practices in Faridpur

1Department of Disaster Risk Management, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Bangladesh

2Faculty of Disaster Management, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Bangladesh

3Department of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Bangladesh

4Department of Resource Management, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Bangladesh

American Journal of Rural Development. 2015, 3(3), 60-73
doi: 10.12691/ajrd-3-3-1
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
AKM Abdul Ahad Biswas, Md. Mohidul Hasan, Md. Saifur Rahman, Md. Abdus Sattar, Md. Afjal Hossain, Md. Faisal. Disaster Risk Identification in Agriculture Sector: Farmer’s Perceptions and Mitigation practices in Faridpur. American Journal of Rural Development. 2015; 3(3):60-73. doi: 10.12691/ajrd-3-3-1.

Correspondence to: AKM  Abdul Ahad Biswas, Department of Disaster Risk Management, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Bangladesh. Email:


Study on disaster risk identification in agriculture and farmer’s perceptions and mitigation practices was lack on the perspective of Faridpur district of Bangladesh during this research. The purpose of this study was to have understanding of farmers’ perception and mitigation practices towards disaster risk and climate change impacts adopted by the victim community at Faridpur district of Bangladesh. Primary data was collected through individual household interviews, field observation and secondary data was attained by accessing the relevant information from different media sources. Results showed that the agriculture sector of the study areas are potentially exposed by different risk factors phenomenon e.g. drought, flood, insect/pests attack, lack of quality seed etc. Study has discovered variations in risk perceptions which are influenced by several socio-economic factors like age, gender, livelihood, level of education and socio-economic conditions etc. Recurring phenomenon of hazards and increasing threats to agriculture provided the farmers diversified opportunities to make their livelihood more sustainable. They are more aware about their risks and what they could do to reduce their exposure on the impacts of future disaster risks. Farmers have adopted different mitigation strategies e.g. changing cropping pattern, use of resistant/tolerant variety, good management practice, integrated pest management practices, use of hybrid variety etc. Risks assessment and utilization of such risk assessment results will be helpful to develop the most efficient farmer’s friendly risk management plan. Which will be benefited the country to establish climate smart disaster risk management in agriculture sector.



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