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American Journal of Rural Development

ISSN (Print): 2333-4762

ISSN (Online): 2333-4770

Editor-in-Chief: Chi-Ming Lai

Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/AJRD

   

Article

Effects of Credit on Agricultural Inputs and Technology in the Nkoranza North District, Ghana

1Eguafo-Abrem Senior High School, Komenda-Edina-Egufo-Abrem Municipality, Ghana

2Anglican University College of Technology, Nkoranza Campus- Ghana


American Journal of Rural Development. 2016, 4(6), 134-142
doi: 10.12691/ajrd-4-6-3
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Eric Kwadwo Appiah, Richard Baah-Mintah, Ellen Owusu-Adjei. Effects of Credit on Agricultural Inputs and Technology in the Nkoranza North District, Ghana. American Journal of Rural Development. 2016; 4(6):134-142. doi: 10.12691/ajrd-4-6-3.

Correspondence to: Richard  Baah-Mintah, Anglican University College of Technology, Nkoranza Campus- Ghana. Email: baahmintah@gmail.com

Abstract

The study sought to address the question as to whether agricultural credit affects maize productivity in the Nkoranza North District (NND). The study employed the quasi-experimental and a cross-sectional survey design using the ‘with and without’ method in assessing the effects of microcredit on the production levels of small scale farmers in the district. In all, a total of 310 respondents were randomly selected for the study. Respondents were then grouped into farmers with and without credit. Questionnaire was used to collect data from the respondents. Graphs and tables were used to present descriptive aspect of the results while the independent sample t-test was used to examine the effect of credit on inputs and agricultural technology. The study revealed that credit largely and positively influences the acquisition of agricultural inputs such as fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides, as well as hiring of labour and acquisition of more farm lands and technology. The study concludes that microcredit improves maize production in the NND. It is recommended that farmers must join the farmers’ associations in their communities to facilitate their access to credit and must use their loans for the intended purposes.

Keywords

References

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Article

Identity Crisis in Rural Peasant: A Study of Villages around Aurangabad City of Maharashtra State, India

1Department of Sociology, Deogiri College, Aurangabad, India


American Journal of Rural Development. 2017, 5(1), 1-4
doi: 10.12691/ajrd-5-1-1
Copyright © 2017 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Dilip R Khairnar. Identity Crisis in Rural Peasant: A Study of Villages around Aurangabad City of Maharashtra State, India. American Journal of Rural Development. 2017; 5(1):1-4. doi: 10.12691/ajrd-5-1-1.

Correspondence to: Dilip  R Khairnar, Department of Sociology, Deogiri College, Aurangabad, India. Email: dilipkhairnar9@gmail.com

Abstract

Industrialization is the changing factor for rural and urban region of India. Due to rapid urbanization, economic growth, rural development and globalization, marked structural changes in cities and villages in India are observed. Due to extension of some cities in size, that results in demographic, physical, economic, technological and environmental imbalances. This specific study is an attempt to find out the fundamental changes in the villages around the city. The study has been conducted in Marathwada region of Maharashtra state to analyze economical changes among the villages near the industrialized Aurangabad. This was also extended to the social changes in the rural peasant along with the city environment. We also analyzed the ‘Identity Crisis among villagers in post LPG period.

Keywords

References

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Article

The Dynamics of Agricultural Land Management System in Bangladesh: The Challenges for Sustainable Development

1Master of International Trade and Commerce Law, Macquarie University

2Deputy Secretary, The Government of Bangladesh


American Journal of Rural Development. 2017, 5(1), 5-18
doi: 10.12691/ajrd-5-1-2
Copyright © 2017 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Saif Uddin Ahammad. The Dynamics of Agricultural Land Management System in Bangladesh: The Challenges for Sustainable Development. American Journal of Rural Development. 2017; 5(1):5-18. doi: 10.12691/ajrd-5-1-2.

Correspondence to: Saif  Uddin Ahammad, Master of International Trade and Commerce Law, Macquarie University. Email: saifahammad@yahoo.com

Abstract

Bangladesh is a densely populated country of 142.3 millions people where 964 person live per sq. km. It is located in the north-eastern part of South Asia. Although it is predominantly an agriculture dependent country, it has the lowest land man ratio in the world and it accounts fro 0.06 hactres per person. Every year around 18-20 lacs people are born to soar the existing overpopulation. In addition, 47.3% of the total labour forces of the the country are employed in agriculture and it provides 21% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the country. To meet the multiple demands of the ever increasing population the scarce agricultureal lands of this country are being misused for non-agricultural purposes. Besides, excessive use of chemical fertilizers, insecticides and intensive cultivation of lands without necessary conservation practices gradually deteriorates the productive capacity of the agricultural lands. If the present trend of Agricultural land management system (ALMS) continues it may hamper the sustainable development of the country. This article examines the dynamics of ALMS in Bangladesh and investigates to indentify the key problems and challenges for promoting sustainable development in ALMS. Lastly, based on overall observations of the research, this article suggests several policy and administrative guidelines to promote sustainable development in agricultural land management in Bangladesh.

Keywords

References

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