ISSN (Print): 2333-4762

ISSN (Online): 2333-4770


Editor-in-chief: Chi-Ming Lai

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Currrent Issue: Volume 4, Number 1, 2016


Factors Influencing Farmers Decision on the Use of Introduced Soil and Water Conservation Practices in the Lowland’s of Wenago Woreda, Gedeo Zone, Ethiopia

1Department of Agriculture Inputs Supply and Distribution, Gedeo Zone Office of Agriculture, Ethiopia, P.O.Box 419, Dilla, Ethiopia

2Departments of Geography, College of Social Science and Humanity, Dilla Universities, Ethiopia

3Department of Agricultural economics, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Dilla University, Ethiopia

American Journal of Rural Development. 2016, 4(1), 24-30
doi: 10.12691/ajrd-4-1-4
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Setegne Kifle, Bogale Teferi, Abreham Kebedom, Abiyot Legesse. Factors Influencing Farmers Decision on the Use of Introduced Soil and Water Conservation Practices in the Lowland’s of Wenago Woreda, Gedeo Zone, Ethiopia. American Journal of Rural Development. 2016; 4(1):24-30. doi: 10.12691/ajrd-4-1-4.

Correspondence to: Setegne  Kifle, Department of Agriculture Inputs Supply and Distribution, Gedeo Zone Office of Agriculture, Ethiopia, P.O.Box 419, Dilla, Ethiopia. Email:


Understanding the decision-making ability of farmers with regard to soil erosion is an essential take-off point in the development of policy instruments that will achieve conservation objectives. Without a thorough understanding of the factors that eventually lead to conservation investments, environmental policy makers and extension agents may not be able to communicate effectively with farmers. Therefore, this study was conducted with the objectives of identifying factors influencing farmers’ decisions on the use of introduced soil and water conservation practices in the lowland areas of wonago woreda is, Gedeo Zone, and South Nation Nationality People Regional State of Ethiopia. To conduct the research, three representative kebeles were selected from the study woreda based on prevalence of soil erosion and ongoing soil and water practices. From the selected kebeles, 120 household heads were chosen using systematic sampling from which data were gathered using both structured and unstructured questionnaires procedure. The data were analyzed using the Binary Logit model to identify the influential factors in soil and water conservation practices. From the selected seventeen (17) explanatory variables, fourteen (14) of them have shown the existence of significant association with farmer’s decision on the use of introduced soil and water conservation practices. Total household labor in man equivalent, farm distance, farm size and slope of plot were the variables that significantly influenced farmer’s decision in adopting the introduced soil and water conservation practices in the study areas. The influences of the determinant variables specified were positive except in the case of farm distance. From this study, it is concluded that socio-economic and physical factors play a major role in determining farmer's decision to adopt soil and water conservation practices. Therefore, in order to implement and adopt soil and water conservation practices measures sustainably, the government and Non-governmental organizations must take into consideration the compatibility of introduced soil and water conservation practices measures to the local agro-ecological situations and socio-economic factors and introducing soil and water conservation practices measures with relatively less labor requirements which are effective in reducing land degradation and increasing agricultural production in the study areas.



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Growing Complexity in Rural Areas. Networking through Tourism and Recreation

1Departamento de Geografía, Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Neuquén, Argentina

2Department of Geography and Regional Science, University of Graz, Graz, Austria

3Departamento de Geografía y Turismo, Universidad Nacional del Sur, Bahía Blanca, Argentina

American Journal of Rural Development. 2016, 4(1), 15-23
doi: 10.12691/ajrd-4-1-3
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
R.V. Schroeder, F. M. Zimmermann, N. Formiga. Growing Complexity in Rural Areas. Networking through Tourism and Recreation. American Journal of Rural Development. 2016; 4(1):15-23. doi: 10.12691/ajrd-4-1-3.

Correspondence to: R.V.  Schroeder, Departamento de Geografía, Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Neuquén, Argentina. Email:


Changes in rural functions also involve the development of the tourist trade. Focused on host communities’ participation and strengthening territorial identity, local and regional networks are essential in coordinating, developing and supporting learning and cooperation activities. Considering these factors it is necessary to take a broader view of local development, from actions carried out in different dimensions, both local and non-local, to strategies (formal and informal) to revitalize economic activities and create attractive areas for living. The purpose is to analyze conditions, mechanisms and agents that have significant impact on the territorial dynamism. South West Buenos Aires Province (Argentina) has been selected as a case study. The empirical data used is a set of in-depth interviews with identified agents and experts. It is a non-random selection of 20 respondents. The analysis is structured through a network of interactions with a mapping of key local stakeholders, identifying moreover, agro-productive establishments and institutions that are working with new tourist alternatives. In the case study it is possible to observe a process generated by private and individual (not systematized) initiatives, which in recent years has been supported by public bodies. This shows a starting process where social networking and new forms of knowledge transfer are an influential part of articulated strategies to support territorial dynamism.



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Problems in Adaptation to Climate Change Effects on Coastal Agriculture by the Farmers of Patuakhali District of Bangladesh

1Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Bangladesh

American Journal of Rural Development. 2016, 4(1), 10-14
doi: 10.12691/ajrd-4-1-2
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
M. S. Howlader, M. G. R. Akanda. Problems in Adaptation to Climate Change Effects on Coastal Agriculture by the Farmers of Patuakhali District of Bangladesh. American Journal of Rural Development. 2016; 4(1):10-14. doi: 10.12691/ajrd-4-1-2.

Correspondence to: M.  S. Howlader, Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Bangladesh. Email:


Climate change is the most serious environmental threat to the national economy of Bangladesh, essentially because of its impact on agriculture. The objective of this paper was to identify the major problems to climate change adaptation among farmers of coastal Bangladesh. The paper was based on primary data collected from 124 farming households selected randomly from the coastal region of Bangladesh. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics with SPSS [17]. Slightly more than two fifth (42.75 percent) of the farmers had medium problem compared to 34.65 percent of them having low and 22.60 percent high problem were found in this area. The correlation coefficients of 6 variables were significant named age, farm size, farming experience, annual family income, organizational participation and agricultural knowledge. The major problems faced by the farmers adapting to climate change effects were – (a) the unpredicted weather and high frequency of natural calamities , (b) Non-availability of improved variety seeds at local market, (c) lack of information about adaptation strategies, (d) poor fertile land, (e) poor access to market of agro-products, (f) lack of irrigation facilities and schemes, (g) conflicts between fish cultivar and farmers, (h) scarcity and untimely supply of farm input, (i) limited farm size, (j) lack of credit, (k) Low annual family income, (l) Poor agriculture extension services, (m) Unavailability and high cost of farm labor at peak season etc. The paper concluded with the recommendation that farmers’ adaptation capacities to climate change need to be strengthened by extension service so as to obtain sustainable agricultural production and food security even in the event of climate change. These supports could come from governments (GOs), non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and even from farmers’ themselves.



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Evaluation of Tourism Investment Priorities in Zoroastrian Villages of Yazd Province, Iran

1Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

American Journal of Rural Development. 2016, 4(1), 1-9
doi: 10.12691/ajrd-4-1-1
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Jamal Kheiri, Ramtin Shohrat Zeinabad, Farhad Tabatabaie. Evaluation of Tourism Investment Priorities in Zoroastrian Villages of Yazd Province, Iran. American Journal of Rural Development. 2016; 4(1):1-9. doi: 10.12691/ajrd-4-1-1.

Correspondence to: Jamal  Kheiri, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran. Email:


Rural tourism is a form of tourism that has received more attention in recent years. Investment in rural tourism can be useful for improving the lives of local community. Among provinces of Iran, Yazd has the potential for development of rural tourism because of its unique cultural and climatic features. In this study, 4 Zoroastrian villages including Rahat Abad, Cham, Mobarakeh and Mazrae Kalantar were studied from different aspects to be prioritized for tourism investment. This study is an applied research that used qualitative and quantitative data. First, through the study of literature and interviews with experts, the weight of the different criteria for investment in rural tourism was determined using AHP technique. Then local people were interviewed and Fuzzy TOPSIS technique was used to measure quantitative indicators. The results show that Mazrae Kalantar received the highest score (0.73) and was the best village for investment. Rahat Abad, Mobarakeh and Cham, respectively, have the next places for tourism investment priorities.



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