ISSN (Print): 2333-4762

ISSN (Online): 2333-4770


Editor-in-chief: Chi-Ming Lai

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Currrent Issue: Volume 4, Number 1, 2016


Problems in Adaptation to Climate Change Effects on Coastal Agriculture by the Farmers of Patuakhali District of Bangladesh

1Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Bangladesh

American Journal of Rural Development. 2016, 4(1), 10-14
doi: 10.12691/ajrd-4-1-2
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
M. S. Howlader, M. G. R. Akanda. Problems in Adaptation to Climate Change Effects on Coastal Agriculture by the Farmers of Patuakhali District of Bangladesh. American Journal of Rural Development. 2016; 4(1):10-14. doi: 10.12691/ajrd-4-1-2.

Correspondence to: M.  S. Howlader, Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Bangladesh. Email:


Climate change is the most serious environmental threat to the national economy of Bangladesh, essentially because of its impact on agriculture. The objective of this paper was to identify the major problems to climate change adaptation among farmers of coastal Bangladesh. The paper was based on primary data collected from 124 farming households selected randomly from the coastal region of Bangladesh. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics with SPSS [17]. Slightly more than two fifth (42.75 percent) of the farmers had medium problem compared to 34.65 percent of them having low and 22.60 percent high problem were found in this area. The correlation coefficients of 6 variables were significant named age, farm size, farming experience, annual family income, organizational participation and agricultural knowledge. The major problems faced by the farmers adapting to climate change effects were – (a) the unpredicted weather and high frequency of natural calamities , (b) Non-availability of improved variety seeds at local market, (c) lack of information about adaptation strategies, (d) poor fertile land, (e) poor access to market of agro-products, (f) lack of irrigation facilities and schemes, (g) conflicts between fish cultivar and farmers, (h) scarcity and untimely supply of farm input, (i) limited farm size, (j) lack of credit, (k) Low annual family income, (l) Poor agriculture extension services, (m) Unavailability and high cost of farm labor at peak season etc. The paper concluded with the recommendation that farmers’ adaptation capacities to climate change need to be strengthened by extension service so as to obtain sustainable agricultural production and food security even in the event of climate change. These supports could come from governments (GOs), non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and even from farmers’ themselves.



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Evaluation of Tourism Investment Priorities in Zoroastrian Villages of Yazd Province, Iran

1Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

American Journal of Rural Development. 2016, 4(1), 1-9
doi: 10.12691/ajrd-4-1-1
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Jamal Kheiri, Ramtin Shohrat Zeinabad, Farhad Tabatabaie. Evaluation of Tourism Investment Priorities in Zoroastrian Villages of Yazd Province, Iran. American Journal of Rural Development. 2016; 4(1):1-9. doi: 10.12691/ajrd-4-1-1.

Correspondence to: Jamal  Kheiri, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran. Email:


Rural tourism is a form of tourism that has received more attention in recent years. Investment in rural tourism can be useful for improving the lives of local community. Among provinces of Iran, Yazd has the potential for development of rural tourism because of its unique cultural and climatic features. In this study, 4 Zoroastrian villages including Rahat Abad, Cham, Mobarakeh and Mazrae Kalantar were studied from different aspects to be prioritized for tourism investment. This study is an applied research that used qualitative and quantitative data. First, through the study of literature and interviews with experts, the weight of the different criteria for investment in rural tourism was determined using AHP technique. Then local people were interviewed and Fuzzy TOPSIS technique was used to measure quantitative indicators. The results show that Mazrae Kalantar received the highest score (0.73) and was the best village for investment. Rahat Abad, Mobarakeh and Cham, respectively, have the next places for tourism investment priorities.



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