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American Journal of Public Health Research

ISSN (Print): 2327-669X

ISSN (Online): 2327-6703

Editor-in-Chief: Jing Sun




Professional Public Health Associations in USA;an Overview

1Department of Public Health, King Faisal Hospital, Makkah, Saudi-Arabia

2Health Administration, King Faisal Hospital, Makkah, Saudi-Arabia

3Nursing, King Faisal Hospital, Makkah, Saudi-Arabia

American Journal of Public Health Research. 2015, 3(4), 180-181
doi: 10.12691/ajphr-3-4-9
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Khalid Al Aboud, Rabea Al Zobaidi, Hasan Al Qurashi, Abdulelah Al Masoudi, Abas Al Kuraidmy. Professional Public Health Associations in USA;an Overview. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2015; 3(4):180-181. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-3-4-9.

Correspondence to: Khalid  Al Aboud, Department of Public Health, King Faisal Hospital, Makkah, Saudi-Arabia. Email:


This is a concise overview in a table format for the current membership-based Public Health Associations in USA. These Associations served several functions in the interests of practitioners and the people. Publishing periodicals and arranging conferences were possible because of the support of these societies. However, there is always a potential for improving the educational activities of these Associations. Researches are needed to investigate how these associations can serve the professionals and the community at the best level.



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A Desktop Evaluation of the Potential Impact of Nanotechnology Applications in the Field of Environmental Health in a Developing Country

1Programme: Environmental Health, Department of Community Health Studies, Durban University of Technology, Durban, Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa

American Journal of Public Health Research. 2015, 3(5), 182-186
doi: 10.12691/ajphr-3-5-1
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Levani Naidoo, Emilie Joy Kistnasamy. A Desktop Evaluation of the Potential Impact of Nanotechnology Applications in the Field of Environmental Health in a Developing Country. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2015; 3(5):182-186. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-3-5-1.

Correspondence to: Levani  Naidoo, Programme: Environmental Health, Department of Community Health Studies, Durban University of Technology, Durban, Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa. Email:


Nanotechnology is the latest addition to enhancing lifestyles of the human population. It also has an impact on the core parts that are vital to the well-being of humanity and its’ sustainability. Nanotechnology has been researched and is implemented in a number of countries at a commercialized level. However, in South Africa, nanotechnology is still being explored at grassroots with a few private industries implementing it. Based on research, the public health sector is expected to benefit the most from the application of nanotechnology. An environmental health practitioner plays a key role in ensuring the health and sustainability of the human population. The purpose of this desktop study is to generally explore the uses of nanotechnology in the Public Health sector with specificity to food, health and water remediation in the context of environmental health in South Africa and evaluate the possible impacts nanotechnology will have in the South African society. Proposed recommendations to be considered on how to address the use of nanotechnology in the current state of South Africa are made along with identifying the gaps in research in nanotechnology pertaining to South Africa.



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Food Anaphylaxis: Reported Cases in Russian Federation Children

1Allergy and Clinical Immunology Department, Research and Clinical Institute for Pediatrics at the Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia

American Journal of Public Health Research. 2015, 3(5), 187-191
doi: 10.12691/ajphr-3-5-2
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Natalia Vladislavovna Esakova, Marina Sergeevna Treneva, Tatyana Sergeevna Okuneva, Alexander Nikolaevich Pampura. Food Anaphylaxis: Reported Cases in Russian Federation Children. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2015; 3(5):187-191. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-3-5-2.

Correspondence to: Alexander  Nikolaevich Pampura, Allergy and Clinical Immunology Department, Research and Clinical Institute for Pediatrics at the Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia. Email:,


Background: Anaphylaxis is a potentially fatal allergic reaction. Food allergy is one of the main causes of anaphylaxis in children. Anaphylaxis research in different populations across Europe is one of the unmet needs. The aim of this study is to evaluate typical clinical features, causes of food anaphylaxis and sensitization to food allergens in Russian Federation children admitted to the allergy department. Materials and methods: Allergy history of 80 children with food anaphylaxis was investigated and specific IgE concentration in serum was tested. Results: Total number of anaphylaxis episodes in 80 children was 158. Family allergy history was positive in 42 children. Food anaphylaxis episodes were associated more often with cow milk, fish or/and seafood, tree nuts. Cow milk was reliably more valid in children under 2 years of age than in older children, where tree nut and fruit anaphylaxis was more frequent. Specific IgE levels ≥ 0,35 кUA/l to food associated with anaphylaxis episodes were revealed in all children and varied largely. Specific IgE levels did not correlate with severity of anaphylaxis episodes.Clinical manifestations with skin/mucosa and respiratory system involvement were the most frequent (97,5% and 92% respectively). Cardiovascular and gastrointestinal systems were involved in 33,5% of cases each. Conclusion: Cow milk, fish and/or seafood, tree nuts are the most often food associated with food anaphylaxis cases in Russian Federation children. Food triggers of anaphylaxis vary with age of children. Skin/mucosa and respiratory tract are often involved in food anaphylaxis episodes. Cardiovascular involvement increases with children’s age.



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