ISSN (Print): 2327-669X

ISSN (Online): 2327-6703

Editor-in-Chief: Jing Sun




Utilization of Oral Rehydration Therapy in the Management of Diarrhea in Children among Nursing Mothers in Odukpani Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria

1Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria

2Department of Public Health, Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria

American Journal of Public Health Research. 2016, 4(1), 28-37
doi: 10.12691/ajphr-4-1-5
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Osonwa Kalu O., Eko Jimmy E., Ema S.. Utilization of Oral Rehydration Therapy in the Management of Diarrhea in Children among Nursing Mothers in Odukpani Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2016; 4(1):28-37. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-4-1-5.

Correspondence to: Eko  Jimmy E., Department of Public Health, Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria. Email:,


The purpose of this study was to determine the utilization of Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT) in the management of diarrhea in children among nursing mothers in Odukpani Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria. A structured questionnaire was designed to generated data from 200 respondents using multi-staged sampling technique. Data collected from the respondents were analsyed using IBM SPSS version 20.0 and presented in tables and charts. The result obtained from this study showed that most respondents 65(32.5%) were aged 25-29 years followed by 45(22.5%) 30-34 years and 36(18.0%) 20-24 years. About 170(85.0%) respondents were married while 14(7.0%) were single. Respondents were predominantly Christians 181(90.5%) and had attained secondary education 51(25.5%). Major sources of livelihood as indicated by the respondents were farming 51(25.5%), trading 44(22.0%) and civil service 42(21.0%). Income level per month for 47(23.5%) were between N6,000-N15,000 and about 46(23.0%) earned N16,000-N30,000, 31(15.5%) N5,000 and less, 12(6.0%) N31,000-N50,000 and 11(5.5%) N50,000 and above. Most study participants had good knowledge of dirrahoea disease and 124(62.0%) were aware of ORS, but a knowledge gap was noticed in ORS composition and method of preparation. Out of 69(34.5%) respondents who reported that their children had suffered from diarrhea in the past two years, only 30(43.5%) had used ORS to manage diarrhea cases in children. Reasons for non-usage of ORS/SSS among nursing mothers were majorly lack of awareness of ORS/SSS (52.4%), lack of information on ORS/SSS composition and preparation (16.6%) and ORS not readily available (6.9%). Knowledge of diarrhea and ORS has a significant influence on utilization of ORS among nursing mothers (P < 0.05). Hence, health workers need to educate mothers on the benefits of using ORS in the management of diarrhea in children.



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Challenges to Achieving Malaria Elimination in Nigeria

1Department of Parasitology and Entomology, Faculty of Biosciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria

2Department of Zoology, Faculty of Biosciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria

American Journal of Public Health Research. 2016, 4(1), 38-41
doi: 10.12691/ajphr-4-1-6
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Aribodor D. N., Ugwuanyi I. K., Aribodor O. B.. Challenges to Achieving Malaria Elimination in Nigeria. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2016; 4(1):38-41. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-4-1-6.

Correspondence to: Aribodor  D. N., Department of Parasitology and Entomology, Faculty of Biosciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria. Email:


Malaria remains the most important public health parasitic disease and a major global health problem with the greatest burden in sub-Saharan Africa. Over 90% of all malaria deaths still occur in Africa where it kills over half a million children less than 5 years of age each year. Nigeria accounts for 25 percent of the world’s malaria burden. Apart from the health burden, the socio-economic consequences of malaria are enormous such that it was part of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Following the end of MDG target to halt and reverse the incidence of malaria by 2015 which was considered a success, a new global target has been set. The new global strategy aims to reduce the global disease burden of malaria by 40% by 2020, and by at least 90% by 2030. It also aims to eliminate malaria in at least 35 new countries by 2030. Nigeria remains endemic for malaria and has the ambition to eliminate malaria. There are however challenges to confront in order to make the desired progress. Drug resistance, treatment failure, insecticide resistance, global warming and change in climate, conflicts, insurgency, and internally displaced persons, migration, lack of political will, inadequate malaria leadership, funding, and adequate local research constitute the challenges. Addressing these challenges is central to achieving malaria elimination.



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The Status of School Health Services: A Comparative Study of Primary Schools in a Developing Country

1Department of Paediatrics, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi Anambra

2Department of Paediatrics, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu State

American Journal of Public Health Research. 2016, 4(2), 42-46
doi: 10.12691/ajphr-4-2-1
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Osuorah DI Chidiebere, Ulasi O Thomas, Ebenebe Joy, Onah K Stanley, Ndu K Ikenna, Ekwochi Uchenna, Asinobi N Isaac. The Status of School Health Services: A Comparative Study of Primary Schools in a Developing Country. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2016; 4(2):42-46. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-4-2-1.

Correspondence to: Osuorah  DI Chidiebere, Department of Paediatrics, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi Anambra. Email:


Background- The school health service is an important aspect of health delivery systems necessary to monitor the health of school children in other to keep them healthy and optimize their learning. Aims- This cross-sectional and descriptive study tried to ascertain the status of the school health services in 56 randomly selected schools using the school health programme evaluation scale. It also compared the extent of implementation of school health services in both private and public primary schools in Nnewi North Local Government Area (LGA) of Anambra state, Nigeria. Results- School health service is existent in the Nnewi North LGA but its implementation is suboptimal in both private and public schools. Significantly more private schools had treatment facilities within school premises (P=0.001), although routine screening of school pupils was done by more public schools (P=0.001). Overall, private schools had a significantly higher mean score (13.6±4.3 vs. 8.8±2.5) in criteria assessing school health services compared to public schools (P=0.001). Conclusion- School health service activities are present in Nnewi North LGA but implementation is suboptimal in both private and public schools. Effective policy with good monitoring and evaluation is imperative in ensuring adequate and optimal implementation of school health services in primary schools in Nnewi.



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