ISSN (Print): 2327-669X

ISSN (Online): 2327-6703

Editor-in-Chief: Jing Sun

Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/AJPHR

   

Article

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Family Planning Method Among Married Women of Reproductive Age Group in Earth Quake Displaced Population of Sindupalchok Disrtict, Nepal

1Department of Public Health, National Open College, Sanepa, Lalitpur, Pokhara University, Nepal

2K.S.Hegde Medical Academy, Nitte University, Mangalore, India

3Statistic Development Officer, UNDP, Nepal


American Journal of Public Health Research. 2017, 5(1), 1-5
doi: 10.12691/ajphr-5-1-1
Copyright © 2017 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Sanjeev Kumar Shah, Abinash Upadhayay, Deependra Kaji Thapa, Sanal T.S, Raju Ghimire, Harsha Raj Dahal. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Family Planning Method Among Married Women of Reproductive Age Group in Earth Quake Displaced Population of Sindupalchok Disrtict, Nepal. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2017; 5(1):1-5. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-5-1-1.

Correspondence to: Sanjeev  Kumar Shah, Department of Public Health, National Open College, Sanepa, Lalitpur, Pokhara University, Nepal. Email: just4sanjeev@gmail.com

Abstract

Background: Comprehensive studies of family planning (FP) in displaced camps are relatively uncommon. This paper examines family planning knowledge, attitudes, and practices among in earth quake displaced population of Sindupalchok district of Nepal. Objective: To assess knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning and affecting factors for used of FP. Methodology: From January to March 2016 a cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted of 566 married women of age (15-49) years. Multi-stage sampling technique was used and data were collected for socio-demographics, practice of FP methods, knowledge, and attitude. Statistics were calculated for selected indicators. Results: The mean age of participants was 31.55 years. About 65.3 % of women reported using any method of family planning in the past, compared with 85.5 %of women reporting current usage of family planning methods. Recognition of at least one family planning method was nearly universal i.e.97.61%. Age, education status and age at marriage were significantly associated (p< 0.05) with contraceptive usage. It was observed that participants who were at the age group of 15-24 years had positive attitude by 2 and 11 time more than participants of age of 25-34 years and above 35 years respectively. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that respondents have a high knowledge and a positive attitude towards, family planning methods. Spousal discussion can be a crucial step towards increasing men¡¯s participation in family planning issues. Distance to health facility play major role in utilization of FP methods.

Keywords

References

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Article

Prevalence of Tuberculosis in Gambella Regional Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia: A Retrospective Study to Assess the Progress towards Millennium Development Goals for Tuberculosis (2006-2015)

1College of Agriculture and Natural Resource, Department of Animal Production and Health, Gambella University, Gambella, Ethiopia

2Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Public Health, College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Addis Ababa University, P.B.No.34, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia

3Department of Microbiology, Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar, Telengana, India


American Journal of Public Health Research. 2017, 5(1), 6-11
doi: 10.12691/ajphr-5-1-2
Copyright © 2017 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Jemberu Alemu, Gezahegne Mamo, Venkataramana Kandi, Mahendra Pal. Prevalence of Tuberculosis in Gambella Regional Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia: A Retrospective Study to Assess the Progress towards Millennium Development Goals for Tuberculosis (2006-2015). American Journal of Public Health Research. 2017; 5(1):6-11. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-5-1-2.

Correspondence to: Mahendra  Pal, Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Public Health, College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Addis Ababa University, P.B.No.34, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia. Email: palmahendra2@gmail.com

Abstract

A retrospective study was carried out to evaluate the progress towards millennium development goals and to generate preliminary epidemiological information on tuberculosis (TB) in Gambella town hospital and its surroundings in Southwestern Ethiopia. The medical records of all TB patients registered from 2009 to 2014 were assessed retrospectively. A total of 2519 TB patients were registered for the last 6 years and treated in Gambella Regional Hospital. The sex proportion of male TB patients was 60.18 % (1516/2519). The mean and the standard deviation of age was 23.8±13.18. The age group between 15-44 years in both sexes was most frequently affected with both forms of TB (pulmonary tuberculosis and extra pulmonary tuberculosis), 1660 (65.9%) followed by 0-14 years of age 508 (20.2%). Of 2519 tuberculosis cases registered in the last 6 years, 637(25.3%) of them were extra pulmonary tuberculosis cases and the rest 1884 (74.79%) were pulmonary tuberculosis cases. Out of 2519 TB cases registered during the six years, 1516 (60.18%) were males, and higher tuberculosis cases were registered (χ2 =4.191; p=0.022). The annual trends of TB for both sexes were gradually declined in the last six years. In conclusion, the retrospective study showed that although there was reduction in the number of both pulmonary and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis cases in the study area, what should not be undermined is the importance of regular prognostic evaluation among tuberculosis cases. Hence, we re-emphasize that Tuberculosis Control Program should give attention to control of tuberculosis and HIV-TB co-infection in Gambella Region.

Keywords

References

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Article

Attitudes of Health Care Workers towards Elderly Depression in Kubau, Nigeria

1Jahun General Hospital, Jahun, Jigawa State, Nigeria

2Department of Community Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria

3Department of Community Medicine, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria


American Journal of Public Health Research. 2017, 5(1), 12-14
doi: 10.12691/ajphr-5-1-3
Copyright © 2017 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Kashini ANDREW, Chinedu John-Camillus IGBOANUSI, Istifanus Anekoson JOSHUA, Musa YAKUBU. Attitudes of Health Care Workers towards Elderly Depression in Kubau, Nigeria. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2017; 5(1):12-14. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-5-1-3.

Correspondence to: Kashini  ANDREW, Jahun General Hospital, Jahun, Jigawa State, Nigeria. Email: kashiniandrew12@gmail.com

Abstract

Primary health workers have been shown to write off depressed patients and most have the perception that depression cannot be managed. Data on attitudes towards elderly depression and care options at primary health care level especially in Nigeria and rural Africa is lacking. This study assessed the attitudes of primary health care workers towards elderly depression in Kubau, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: It was a cross sectional descriptive study carried out in June 2012, of the total health workers directly involved in patient care in Kubau. Information on the socio-demographics of the respondents, knowledge, attitudes and care options were obtained using a modified Depression Attitude Questionnaire, interviewer - administered. The collected data was cleaned and entered into SPSS version 16 and the results presented as tables and charts with statistical significance set at p < 0.05. Results: Most health workers had a good attitude towards depression and most (70%) thought elderly depressed patients could be managed, 88.3 % were willing to take time to detect and diagnose depressed patients. Conclusion: The study revealed a good attitude towards depression in the elderly among healthcare workers in Kubau, Nigeria.

Keywords

References

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