ISSN (Print): 2327-669X

ISSN (Online): 2327-6703

Editor-in-Chief: Jing Sun




Research on Transformation of Scientific and Technological Achievements for Primary Medical Institutions-based Hospital Alliance

1Science and Education Department, Chengdu Fifth People’s Hospital, Chengdu, China

2Administration Office, Chengdu Fifth People’s Hospital, Chengdu, China

American Journal of Public Health Research. 2016, 4(3), 107-111
doi: 10.12691/ajphr-4-3-5
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Ma Fujun, Liu Tianjiang, Tang Qian, Yang Yongxue. Research on Transformation of Scientific and Technological Achievements for Primary Medical Institutions-based Hospital Alliance. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2016; 4(3):107-111. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-4-3-5.

Correspondence to: Yang  Yongxue, Administration Office, Chengdu Fifth People’s Hospital, Chengdu, China. Email:


Primary medical institutions have been plagued by the contradictory situation of strong creativity and low transformation rate of scientific and technological achievements for a long time in China. In this paper, the status quo of the transformation of scientific and technological achievements in primary medical institutions is analyzed, and the necessity of the transformation of scientific and technological achievements in primary medical institutions is summarized. Further, the realistic paths for the transformation of scientific and technological achievements in the primary medical institutions are proposed. We further point out that it is necessary to transform the scientific and technological achievements of primary medical institutions with the aid of hospital alliance.



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Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices on Exclusive Breastfeeding in Adamawa, Nigeria

1Department of Natural & Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Arts/Science, American University of Nigeria, Yola, Adamawa State

2Department of Linguistics, Faculty of Arts, Faculty of Arts, University of Western Cape, Robert Sobukwe Rd, Bellville, Cape Town, South Africa

American Journal of Public Health Research. 2016, 4(3), 112-119
doi: 10.12691/ajphr-4-3-6
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Jennifer A. Tyndall, Richard Kamai, Daliya Changchangi. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices on Exclusive Breastfeeding in Adamawa, Nigeria. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2016; 4(3):112-119. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-4-3-6.

Correspondence to: Jennifer  A. Tyndall, Department of Natural & Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Arts/Science, American University of Nigeria, Yola, Adamawa State. Email:


Background: Despite the efficacy of the Early Exclusive Breastfeeding (EBF) approach to child nutrition in reducing child mortality, few nursing mothers in Nigeria are willing to adopt this method of feeding. Objective: This research was therefore undertaken in order to assess the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) on EBF of antenatal clinic attendees in North-eastern Nigeria. Study Design: Cross Sectional Community Survey. Methods: Two hundred and fifty expectant mothers attending the ANC clinical sessions at Specialist Hospital, Yola, Adamawa State, were recruited for this study. The mean age of the women was twenty eight. Data was generated from a corpus consisting of health talks and questionnaires on the respondents’ KAP on EBF during these clinical sessions at this health facility. Results: The results of the survey revealed the problems that inhibit or reduce the practice of exclusive breastfeeding to include the following: the assumption that colostrum is stale milk--84%; breast milk lacks sufficient nutrients--approximately 62%; and expressed breast milk is contaminated milk--just under 98%. With respect to the mother’s attitude to EBF, 60% believed that this method of feeding would flatten their breasts and 78% that EBF causes respiratory tract infections. Furthermore, over 64% thought that food supplements were ideal for infants and that EBF was suitable only for working mothers. Conclusion: These results clearly demonstrate the lack of awareness and education on EBF. From both a national and international perspectives, poor maternal nutrition, inadequate support from spouses, family and even nurses and doctors are some of the constraints that limit the rate of practicing exclusive breastfeeding. Public health initiatives on the benefits of EBF need to be addressed, particularly at antenatal clinics and also through outreach programs that target mothers in the rural communities who have limited access to health care.



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Risk Factors of Maternal Death in Jimma University Specialized Hospital: A Matched Case Control Study

1Collage of Health Science, Mizan-Tepi University

2Collage of Health Science, Jimma University

American Journal of Public Health Research. 2016, 4(4), 120-127
doi: 10.12691/ajphr-4-4-1
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Tegene Legese, Misra Abdulahi, Anteneh Dirar. Risk Factors of Maternal Death in Jimma University Specialized Hospital: A Matched Case Control Study. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2016; 4(4):120-127. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-4-4-1.

Correspondence to: Tegene  Legese, Collage of Health Science, Mizan-Tepi University. Email:,


Background: Maternal death has devastating effects on the family she leaves behind and country level. Most of the literatures in our country are reviews of maternal death which are unable to determine the predictors of maternal death and do not consider change of time since there is variation in care given and did not identify timing of death. Objective: To assess risk factors of maternal death in Jimma University specialized hospital, Southwest Ethiopia from January 2010 to December 2014. Methods: A time matched case control study was conducted on 600 charts, 120 cases and 480controls. Data was collected using checklist adapted from maternal death surveillance review of Ethiopia guide line. Data were entered into epi data 3.1 and exported to Stata 13 for analysis. Conditional logistic regression was done to identify the independent predictors of maternal death. The adjusted matched odds ratio with the 95% confidence interval was reported and statistical significance was declared at p =<0.05. To ensure confidentiality only code was written on the check list. Result: More than two third (68%) of death occurred during post-partum period. Predictors of maternal death include: age group of 20 – 34 (AMOR= 0.299, 95% CI (0.113, 0.792)), being from rural area (AMOR = 2.594, 95%CI(1.001,6.726)), prolonged labour (AMOR=37.141, 95%CI(13.296, 103.750)), comorbidities (AMOR=9.631,95%CI(3.135, 29.588), referred cases from health center (AMOR=4.011, 95% CI (1.113, 14.464) and other health institution (AMOR=6.029, 95%CI(1.565, 24.626)). Conclusion: Duration of labour, age, comorbidities, residence and referral were the major factors that affect maternal death.



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