You are here:

American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture

ISSN (Print): 2328-398X

ISSN (Online): 2328-3998


Current Issue» Volume 3, Number 2 (2015)


Levee Breaching Process of a River and Disaster Risk on Floodplain

1School of Agriculture and Rural Development, Bangladesh Open University, Gazipur, Bangladesh

2Department of Civil Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Japan

American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2015, 3(2), 39-44
DOI: 10.12691/ajcea-3-2-1
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Md. Serazul Islam, Tetsuro Tsujimoto. Levee Breaching Process of a River and Disaster Risk on Floodplain. American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2015; 3(2):39-44. doi: 10.12691/ajcea-3-2-1.

Correspondence to: Md.  Serazul Islam, School of Agriculture and Rural Development, Bangladesh Open University, Gazipur, Bangladesh. Email:


Small-scale laboratory experiments and same scenario numerical analyses were conducted to understand levee breaching phenomena and subsequent disasters risk in floodplain focusing on the effects of the relative height of river bed to the floodplain and the bed materials. In the present study, the area including river, levee and floodplain has been reproduced in both experiment and numerical simulation because not only the behavior of levee but also the phenomena in river and floodplain are intimately related to one another. As a result the followings have been clarified: Higher bed level brings more rapid propagation of the levee breach and widening with more inundation and sediment deposition on the floodplain. River bed degradation in the upstream of the levee breaching point may cause further risk of breach. While as for the effect of bed materials, it has exposed that the finer materials has higher risk not only by more deposition on the floodplain but also by remarkable river bed degradation.



[1]  Ahmed, S. M. U., Hogue, M. M. and Hossain, S. “Floods in Bangladesh: a hydrological analysis,” Final Report R01/92, Institute of Flood Control and Drainage Research (IFCDR), Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET), Dhaka, pp. 1-5, 1992.
[2]  Sarker, M.H., Huque, I., Alam, M. and Koudstaal, R. “Rivers, chars, char dwellers of Bangladesh,” Int. J. of River Basin Management, 1, pp. 61-80, 2003.
[3]  Tingsanchali, T. and Karim, M. F. “Flood hazard and risk analysis in the southwest region of Bangladesh,” J. of Hydrological Process, 19, pp 2055-2069, 2005.
[4]  S. A. Schumm and B. R. Winkley. “The character of large alluvial rivers, in: the variability of large alluvial rivers (Ed. by S.A. Schumm and B.R. Winkley),” American Society of Civil Engineers, New York pp 1-13, 1994.
[5]  Fujita, Y. and Tamura, T. “Enlargement of breaches in flood levee on alluvial plains,” J. of Natural Disaster Science, 9 (1) pp. 37-60, 1987.
Show More References
6]  Aureli, F. and Mignosa, P. “Comparison between experimental and numerical results of 2D flows due to levee-breaking,” XXIX IAHR Congress Proceedings. Theme C, September 16-21, 2001, Beijing, China.
7]  Tsujimoto, T. and Mizoguchi, A. and Maeda, A. “Levee breach process of a river by overflow erosion, River Flow,” Int. Conf. on Fluvial Hydraulics, Lisbon pp. 1547-1555, 2006.
8]  Zhu, Y., Visser, P.J. and Vrijling, J.K. “Laboratory observations of embankment breaching,” 7th Int. Conf. on Hydroscience and Engineering (ICHE-2006), Philadelphia, USA, pp. 1-10, 2006.
9]  Shimada, T., Watanabe, Y., Yokoyama, H. and Tsuji, T. “An Experiment on Overflow-Induced Cross-Levee Breach at the Chiyoda Experimental Channel,” River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics, 1, pp. 475-481, 2009 (in Japanese).
10]  Shimada, T., Hirai, Y. and Tsuji, T. “Levee Breach Experiment by Overflow at the Chiyoda Experimental Channel,” 9th Intl. Conference on Hydro-science and Engineering, IAHR August 2- 5, 2010.
11]  Islam, M.S. and Tsujimoto, T. “Comparisons of Levee Breach and Successive Disasters in Floodplain between Bangladesh and Japan,” Procedia Engineering, Elsevier publication, 28, pp. 860-865, 2012.
12]  Islam, M.S. and Tsujimoto, T. “Experimental and Numerical Approaches to Overtopping Levee Breach Effects in a River and Floodplain,” American Journal of Civil Engineering, 3 (2), pp. 31-42, 2015.
13]  Islam, M. S. Tashiro, T. and Tsujimoto, T. “Laboratory experiments on levee breach and inundation in low-land with particular reference to relative height of river bed to floodplain,” Intl. Review of Civil Engineering, Italy, 3 (3) pp. 251-258, 2012.
14]  Itaya, S. and Tejima, T. “Weir flow formula of a rectangle with a basis of reebok`s formula,” Proceedings of the Society of Mechanical Engineers, 17 (56) pp. 5-7, 1951(in Japanese).
15]  Kurokawa, H. and Fuchizawa, T. “Formula of triangular weir flow,” Proceedings of the society of Mechanical Engineers, 7 (27) p. 5, 1942 (in Japanese).
16]  Hokkaido Foundation for River Disaster Prevention Research Center: RIC-Nays,
17]  Ashida, K. and Michiue, M. “Study on hydraulic resistance and sediment transport rate in alluvial stream,” Transactions, JSCE, 206 pp. 55-69, 1972 (in Japanese).
18]  Hasegawa, K. and Yamaoka, S. “The effect of plane and bed forms of channels upon the meander development,” J. of Hydraulic, Coastal and Environmental Engineering, JSCE, 29 pp.143-152, 1980 (in Japanese).
19]  Engelund, F. “Flow and bed topography in channel bend,” J. of Hydraulic Division, ASCE, 100 (11) pp. 1631-1648, 1974.
20]  Islam M. S. and Tsujimoto, T. “Numerical approach to levee breach as a key of flood disasters in low land,” Int. J. of Civil Engineering, India, 4 (1) pp. 23-39, 2012.
Show Less References