Special Issue "Different ways of applied psychology nowadays, in Brazil"

A special issue of American Journal of Applied Psychology

Deadline for manuscript submissions: (October 20, 2014)

Special Issue Editor(s)

Chief Guest Editor

Thalita Nobre
Catholic University of Santos, Brazil
Email: thalita_l@yahoo.com.br, thalitaln@gmail.com

Special Issue Information

This special issue aims to present how psychology has been developed in Brazil, in the last years. For that, will be presented the most diverse places where you can apply this type of knowledge. Thoses studies that can be showed in this special one may bring us new thoughts on the scope of psychology.

Keywods

  • clinical psychology;
  • clinical cases reports;
  • hospital psychology;
  • different theories inside psychology;
  • Institutional psychology
  • Psychossomatics

Published Papers

   
Abstract: The aim of this article is to study female hysteria, through the eyes of freudian psychoanalytical theory and Piera Aulagnier´s contributions. A clinical case study, whose subject has presented female hysteria characteristics, will be presented and, through a theoretical-clinic articulation, it will be possible to compare how this neurosis used to present itself in the past, and how it does today.
Abstract: This study aims to understand the relationship between the triad: patient-family-staff during the disease process and hospitalization. In view of this, to make the study of a fragment, we used the service provided to a patient on the ward: Clínica Médica II do Hospital Guilherme Álvaro, located in Santos / SP, o Programa de Aprimoramento Profissional. The choice of the topic was given from the difficulty in dialogue between the demands brought by patients and their families by posing as challenge of the important task of facilitating the relationship patient-family-staff, as providing a space for the emotions triggered in this process of struggling for life and give it the freedom of expression and come to be expressed and accepted. From a definition that considers family - closed system of interdependent relationships - is exposed in this work a brief introduction of the concept of family in order to describe the reactions of families most frequently observed in cases of hospitalization. The family can to get to act in pursuit of effective patient recovering, reintegrating them in the family system, paralyzing on the verge of death or diagnosis of the family, and even identifying benefits posed by the disease and mobilizing itself to keep it. Throughout the article are also explored phases faced by family - analogous to the stages experienced by the patient, the range of feelings and emotions that permeate the relations established in this context, to forms of communication and the suffering imposed denouncing through words, gestures, conflicts, silences implicated in the hospitalization process.
Abstract: The Interventive Psychodiagnostic has revealed a practice that effectively embraces the contemporary demands of clinical psychology. Aiming to contribute to the recent research on this practice, this study presents the case report of a child being treated in a University’s Teaching Clinic. It is about a girl, eleven years old, who had high cholesterol difficult to stabilize. The genitor believed that this medical condition could be related to 'emotional factors' because her daughter had introversion, sadness and low self-esteem. 14 meetings including recreational and interventional individual observations and group sessions were conducted; sessions involving her mother and sister; school visit; personality assessment and guidance with the mother, since the father did not attend requests for interviews with the trainees. Interventions had a goal assist children and their families in finding new meanings for that medical condition, to enable the development of more effective behaviors of treatment adherence. Also, these interventions aims to enable changes in the way they deal with the limitations imposed by emotional disorders. At the end of the process therapeutic gains were observed towards decreased anxiety and distress by both the child and the mother facilitating adherence and better control of medical condition. It is concluded that the results showed the effectiveness of the use of Therapeutic Assessment in clinical psychology with children.
Abstract: The Child Intervening Psychodiagnosis process is a scientific procedure, with limited duration, with purpose to understanding the dynamics of the patient and the family group. Although the area displays a vast bibliography, it was noticed a deficiency of research regarding the use of child intervening psychodiagnosis as facilitating tool in learning and relationship difficulties. There were 10 meetings, eight made in the school clinic, one school visit and one home visit, aiming at a better scope of the brought reports and a better understanding of the case. It was noticed during the consultations that S. had floating attention, and discrepancy in both communication and motor skills. In conclusion, there is a need for multidisciplinary care, however psychodiagnosis fulfill its role to clarify important points to the family and promote effective means of communication.
Abstract: This article discusses an experience report on a lecture entitled "psychological aspects of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium and the importance of the father", performed by trainees of the Psychology course at Paulista University - UNIP (Campus Santos-Rangel) in a company of telemarketing in the city of Santos. Participated in the lecture 31 pregnant employees, with ages between 18 and 35 years, the majority were multiparous. This lecture aimed to provide for future mothers, a space of listening and acceptance; in addition to basics on pregnancy healthy and the initial care of the newborn. Through a slide presentation and "Wheel of Conversation", where it was developed a dynamic presentation, the pregnant women discussed aspects related to planning of pregnancy; changes experienced: physical, emotional, social and professional; the roles that the woman represents in your family cycle and social; expectations for the future; importance of medical monitoring previous and post-natal, for health of both mother and baby; and importance of the father. This lecture was also a work of psychoeducation, to know the demands of these pregnant women, to provide, initially, a job orientation and subsequently intervene with action strategies. It was identified some common concerns, among them: the anxiety against the various concomitant issues at the end of maternity leave; the changes in all fields of interpersonal relationships; expectations for the future and the need to postpone or change some of these plans, the support of her partners and the active participation of them in the process of gestation. The result brought the reflection about how the psychologist can intervene in order to provide a better quality of life within an institution, as well as offer opportunities for dialog and guidance to such women and the proposal of the return of the interns to the institution with the drawing up of a new project.
Abstract: This article is part of the dissertation entitled " Mothering and Maternal Function in Neonatal ICU: a psychoanalytic study" and has the purpose of elucidating the relationship between motherhood and maternal function in the hospital environment. Therefore, the meaning of the two concepts is presented, as well as a distance is proposed between the two where mothering competes the incumbency of the necessary caretaking for survival and maternal function, the exercise of a symbolic function - which refers the subject to the size of their psychic constitution in its relation to the language field. The research was to determine whether the difficulty in the exercise of motherhood, within a neonatal intensive care unit, could interfere with the conditions for sustaining maternal function, usually exercised by the mother. The research that led to this dissertation and the work was carried out in a private hospital of São Paulo city, with mothers of both male and female babies, preterm neonates at the Neonatal ICU, and subsequently after discharge. The theoretical foundation is sustained on the psychoanalytic theory of Freud and Lacan, and also on the four theoretical axes formulated in Clinical Indicators of Risks in Infant Development (IRDI). In conclusion, this study reveals the presence of suffering caused by the psychic impact of a preterm child and the admission in the Neonatal ICU, as well as the difficulty in mothering the baby, from the speech of mothers. However, despite the psychic rapture, in the analysis of the symbolic function – based on the four fundamental operations, deduced by me from IRDI - it was possible to note the conditions for the maternal function to be carried out.
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