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Article

Institutional Obstacles on the Development of Forest Management Unit: The Case of Indonesian Tasik Besar Serkap

1Graduate School of Bogor Agricultural University, Dramaga Main Road, IPB Dramaga Campus, Bogor, Indonesia

2Department of Forest Management, Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University, Academic Ring Road, Campus IPB Dramaga, Bogor, Indonesia

3Department of Communication of Rural and Agricultural Development, Faculty of Human Ecology, Bogor Agricultural University, Academic Ring Road, IPB Dramaga Campus, Bogor, Indonesia


American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2014, 2(2), 41-50
DOI: 10.12691/env-2-2-3
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Eno Suwarno, Hariadi Kartodihardjo, Lala M Kolopaking, Sudarsono Soedomo. Institutional Obstacles on the Development of Forest Management Unit: The Case of Indonesian Tasik Besar Serkap. American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2014; 2(2):41-50. doi: 10.12691/env-2-2-3.

Correspondence to: Eno  Suwarno, Graduate School of Bogor Agricultural University, Dramaga Main Road, IPB Dramaga Campus, Bogor, Indonesia. Email: enosuwarno2009@gmail.com

Abstract

Three years since its establishment in 2010, the forest management unit (Kesatuan Pengelolaan Hutan, KPH)-Tasik Besar Serkap (KPH-TBS) in Riau Province–Indonesia has not been operated yet due to institutional problem. Therefore, the review on the institutional handicap is necessary. This study uses the Ostrom’s Institutional Analysis and Development (IAD) Framework to analyze the policy implementation of KPH-TBS development. Analysis was conducted to describe the conditions of exogenous factors and the action arena that obstructing the policy implementation by Riau provincial government (RPG). Conceptually, the policy of KPHs development is institutional changing processes, which are changes in the value system and forest governance. The research found problems that became disincentives on biophysical conditions, such as problems on paradigm, forestry bureaucracy culture and several weaknesses in the rules in use. In addition, structural approach and physical assistance were mostly used by national government for its provincial government. In contrast, knowledge dissemination, communication and mutual trust building were still limitedly used. Former approaches do not address the needs of RPG for information and understanding regarding to the development of KPH. RPG responded to this situation slowly and lack of willingness to cooperate. They took the policy of KPHs development as a mere obligation, and did not get motivated to move by themselves. In addition, the reluctance to cooperate was also caused by the presence of conflict of interest in several government officials. Based on this research, national government need to changes the way of thinking that regulation is not the only instrument to guide the behavior of local participants. Although still needs to be repaired, it must be accompanied by improving of knowledge dissemination, communication and mutual trust building. These actions are highly required not only for resistance solution, but also for controling the paradigms transformation process and cultur of local participants in line with composed new values in the KPH concept.

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References

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Article

The concentration of Lead in Periwinkle (Tympanotonosfuscatus) and River sediments in Eagle Island River, Port Harcourt, Rivers State Nigeria

1Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Science, Rivers State University of Science &Technology Nkpolu, Port Harcourt, Nigeria

2Department of Anatomical Pathology, Faculty of Basic Medical Science, University of Port Harcourt Choba, Port Harcourt, Nigeria


American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2014, 2(2), 37-40
DOI: 10.12691/env-2-2-2
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Onwuli. Donatus O., Ajuru Gospel, Holy Brown, Amadi. Fynface C. The concentration of Lead in Periwinkle (Tympanotonosfuscatus) and River sediments in Eagle Island River, Port Harcourt, Rivers State Nigeria. American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2014; 2(2):37-40. doi: 10.12691/env-2-2-2.

Correspondence to: Onwuli.  Donatus O., Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Science, Rivers State University of Science &Technology Nkpolu, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Email: onwuli.donatus@yahoo.com

Abstract

In this study, the concentrations of Lead (Pb) in periwinkles (Tympanotonosfuscatus) and river sediments and were determined from 25 sampling stations in Eagle Island River in Port Harcourt Rivers State, Nigeria, using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS). The mean ±SD concentrations of Pb in periwinkles and sediments are 0.91±0.54 mg/Kg and 0.22±0.19 mg/Kg respectively. The mean concentrations of the heavy metal Pb is higher in periwinkle than in sediment (p<0.05). The results obtained from this analysis in periwinkle also showed that it exceeded the tolerable values in fish (aquatic organism). The correlation coefficient between Pb in sediment and that in periwinkle is 61.5%. The result of this study shows that sea foods obtained from this river is a potential source heavy metal poisoning. This calls for adequate legislation to protect the water bodies from heavy metal poisoning.

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Article

Women Participation in Environmental Protection and Management: Lessons from Plateau State, Nigeria

1Department of Geography, Plateau State University Bokkos, Nigeria

2Department of Geography, Gombe State University Gombe, Nigeria


American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2014, 2(2), 32-36
DOI: 10.12691/env-2-2-1
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Solomon Z.Wuyep, Vincent C.Dung, Arin H.Buhari, Daloeng H. Madaki, Baminda A. Bitrus. Women Participation in Environmental Protection and Management: Lessons from Plateau State, Nigeria. American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2014; 2(2):32-36. doi: 10.12691/env-2-2-1.

Abstract

This study provides a general review and a case study of women’s involvement in environmental management in Plateau state. Primary data were generated from Questionnaire survey of women from six local government areas. Majority of the women (79.2%) are involved in farming and contributed significantly to land/soil conservation. (78.4%) of them have planted tree or flowers in the last five years while (79.2%) indicated clearing their surroundings daily in terms of sweeping, clearing drainages and refuse disposal. Problems faced by the women include lack of waste disposal equipment, poor drainage systems and lack of awareness among the general public. Appropriate recommendations were proffered to enhance women involvement in environmental protection and management.

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References

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