American Journal of Environmental Protection
ISSN (Print): 2328-7241 ISSN (Online): 2328-7233 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/env Editor-in-chief: Mohsen Saeedi, Hyo Choi
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2019, 7(2), 52-55
DOI: 10.12691/env-7-2-3
Open AccessArticle

Further Development of Forecasting Model for Storm Surge Hazard along the Coast of Bangladesh

Hasibun Naher1, and Gour Chandra Paul2

1Department of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, BRAC University, 66 Mohakhali, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh

2Department of Mathematics, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi 6205, Bangladesh

Pub. Date: November 07, 2019

Cite this paper:
Hasibun Naher and Gour Chandra Paul. Further Development of Forecasting Model for Storm Surge Hazard along the Coast of Bangladesh. American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2019; 7(2):52-55. doi: 10.12691/env-7-2-3

Abstract

In this study, numerical prediction of surge associated with a storm is made through finite difference method accurately incorporating the coastal complexities along the coast of Bangladesh. In incorporating the coastal complexities with a considerable accuracy, (1/120) grid resolution is used. To incorporate river dynamics, the fresh water discharge through the Meghna River is taken into account. Simulated results by the study are found to be in good agreement with the available observations and reported data. For better forecasting, estimation of flooding is of importance, which is responsible for most death. Thus, the main objective of this paper is to develop an effective numerical model that will help to reduce the death during storm surges along the coastal area of Bangladesh.

Keywords:
tropical cyclone numerical model storm surge Bangladesh coastal flooding

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Chiu, S., & Small, C. (2016). Observations of cyclone-induced storm surge in coastal Bangladesh. Journal of Coastal Research, 32(5), 1149-1161.
 
[2]  Paul, G. C., Ismail, A. I. M., and Karim, M. F. 2014. Implementation of method of lines to predict water levels due to a storm along the coastal region of Bangladesh. J. Oceanogr., 70 (3):199-210.
 
[3]  Nicholls, R.J. 2006. Storm surges in coastal areas. In: Arnold, M., Chen, R.S., Deichmann, U., Dilley, M., Lerner-Lam, A.L., Pullen, R.E. and Trohanis, Z. (eds.) Natural Disaster Hotspots Case Studies. Washington, DC: World Bank.
 
[4]  Debsarma, S.K., 2009. Simulations of storm surges in the Bay of Bengal, , 32(2), 178-198.
 
[5]  Das, P. K. (1972). Prediction model for storm surges in the Bay of Bengal. Nature, 239(5369), 211.
 
[6]  Flather, R. A. (1994). A storm surge prediction model for the northern Bay of Bengal with application to the cyclone disaster in April 1991. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 24(1), 172-190.
 
[7]  Murty, T. S., & Flather, R. A. (1994). Impact of storm surges in the Bay of Bengal. Journal of Coastal Research, 149-161.
 
[8]  Roy, G. D. (1995). Estimation of expected maximum possible water level along the Meghna estuary using a tide and surge interaction model. Environment International, 21(5), 671-677.
 
[9]  Roy GD (1999a) Inclusion of off-shore islands in transformed coordinate shallow water model along the coast of Bangladesh. Environ Int 25:67-74
 
[10]  Roy G.D (1999b) Sensitivity of water level associated with tropical storms along the Meghna estuary in Bangladesh. Environ Int 25:109-116
 
[11]  Paul, G. C., & Ismail, A. I. M. (2012a). Numerical modeling of storm surges with air bubble effects along the coast of Bangladesh. Ocean Engineering, 42, 188-194.
 
[12]  Paul, G. C., & Ismail, A. I. M. (2012b). Tide-surge interaction model including air bubble effects for the coast of Bangladesh. Journal of the Franklin Institute, 349(8), 2530-2546.
 
[13]  Paul, G.C. and Ismail, A.I.M., 2013. Contribution of offshore islands in the prediction of water levels due to tide-surge interaction for the coastal region of Bangladesh, Natural Hazards, 65(1), 13-25.
 
[14]  Paul, G. C., Ismail, A. I. M., & Karim, M. F. (2014). Implementation of method of lines to predict water levels due to a storm along the coastal region of Bangladesh. Journal of Oceanography, 70(3), 199-210.
 
[15]  Poelhekke, L., Jäger, W. S., Van Dongeren, A., Plomaritis, T. A., McCall, R., & Ferreira, Ó. (2016). Predicting coastal hazards for sandy coasts with a Bayesian Network. Coastal Engineering, 118, 21-34.
 
[16]  Paul, G. C., Ismail, A. I. M., Rahman, A., Karim, M. F., & Hoque, A. (2016). Development of tide-surge interaction model for the coastal region of Bangladesh. Estuaries and coasts, 39(6), 1582-1599.
 
[17]  Paul, G. C., Senthilkumar, S., & Pria, R. (2018). An efficient approach to forecast water levels owing to the interaction of tide and surge associated with a storm along the coast of Bangladesh. Ocean Engineering, 148, 516-529.
 
[18]  Dasgupta, S., Laplante, B., Murray, S., & Wheeler, D. (2009). Climate change and the future impacts of storm-surge disasters in developing countries. Center for Global Development Working Paper, (182).
 
[19]  Keim, M.E. 2006. Cyclones, tsunamis and human health. Oceanography, 19(2), 40-49.
 
[20]  Paul, G.C., Murshed, M.M., Haque, M.R., Rahman, M.M. and Hoque, A., 2017. Development of a cylindrical polar coordinates shallow water storm surge model for the coast of Bangladesh, Journal of Coastal Conservation, 21(6), 951-966.
 
[21]  Jelesnianski, C.P., 1965. A numerical calculation of storm tides induced by a tropical storm impinging on a continental shelf, Monthly Weather Review, 93(6), 343-358.