American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN (Print): 2333-4592 ISSN (Online): 2333-4606 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajssm Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
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American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2016, 4(1), 1-5
DOI: 10.12691/ajssm-4-1-1
Open AccessArticle

Effect of Achievement Possibility of a Balance Board Test on Physical Functions, ADL, Fall Experience, and Fall Risk in Elderly Females

Hiroki Sugiura1, , Shinichi Demura2 and Yu Uchida3

1Faculty of Sports and Health Sciences, Fukui University of Technology, Fukui, Japan

2Kanazawa University, Ishikawa, Japan

3Kanazawa College of Art, Ishikawa, Japan

Pub. Date: January 15, 2016

Cite this paper:
Hiroki Sugiura, Shinichi Demura and Yu Uchida. Effect of Achievement Possibility of a Balance Board Test on Physical Functions, ADL, Fall Experience, and Fall Risk in Elderly Females. American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2016; 4(1):1-5. doi: 10.12691/ajssm-4-1-1

Abstract

To maintain a stable posture on an unstable moving stool is performed by few in daily life. Hence, the achievement of a stable posture on an unstable moving stool may be difficult even for the elderly with high independence in daily activities. The passive dynamic balance ability required for the above movement has close relationships with activities of daily living (ADL) and fall risk. This study aimed to examine differences between the female elderly [possible group (PG), n = 123] who could maintain a stable posture on an unstable stool leaning sharply in the backward and forward directions for 20 s (balance board test) and those could not maintain this posture [impossible group (IG), n = 20] for physical functions, ADL, fall experience, and fall risk. Physical functions included isometric leg strength, balance ability, and walking ability. They were administered the above-stated various tests and surveys on ADL, fall experience, and fall risk. PG showed significantly lower rates of fall experience than those shown by IG. In addition, PG was superior in one-leg standing with eyes open, 10-m walking, and ADL compared with IG, but an insignificant difference was found for leg strength between both groups. In conclusion, the female elderly who cannot perform the present balance board test have more fall experience and are inferior in static balance ability, walking ability, and ADL compared with the elderly who can perform it despite having similar static leg strength.

Keywords:
maintain a stable posture unstable stool physical functions fall

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