American Journal of Rural Development. 2013, 1(4), 81-90DOI:
Abstract: New towns are created in order to reply the needs such as absorbing population overflow, housing and many other factors; but their origins are not noticed at sustainable development process from the point of view of environmental programming and planning. The main goal of sustainable development concentrates on concepts such as promoting life quality that means to make qualitative and social indicators interfered, and welfare provision and social justice, however noticing social issues and spatial justice which confronts with human needs mostly in an organizational way, is among the long term and far-sighted goals, and confronts with issues by a fundamental approach. To use a descriptive-analytical method of research, this article analyses sustainability status of the new town of Parand, regarding sustainable development - environmental, economical, social and cultural. With regard to the results of the present article, paying attention merely to the framework and geometrical concepts and neglecting social goals in designing of the new town of Parand, will make it face with an improper cycle of social-economical and environmental balances, and some first-ever challenges like cultural conflicts, decline of life quality, income gaps, social disintegration, family structure weakening and unfair distribution of urban services, which neither caused urban injustice nor jeopardized social health of the city and the residents, but has made this concept unstable due to the fundamental relation between social justice and sustainable development. However, during the past ten years, the economical goals have improved well.