American Journal of Rural Development
ISSN (Print): 2333-4762 ISSN (Online): 2333-4770 Website: Editor-in-chief: Chi-Ming Lai
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American Journal of Rural Development. 2020, 8(1), 28-36
DOI: 10.12691/ajrd-8-1-4
Open AccessArticle

Climate Change and Farmer’s Perception for the Sustainability of Farming in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa-Pakistan

Muhammad Israr1, , Muhammad Faraz2 and Nafees Ahmad3

1Department of Rural Development, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar Pakistan

2AMKC Mardan, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar Pakistan

3Department Name, Department of Economics, University of Malakand, Pakistan

Pub. Date: May 31, 2020

Cite this paper:
Muhammad Israr, Muhammad Faraz and Nafees Ahmad. Climate Change and Farmer’s Perception for the Sustainability of Farming in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa-Pakistan. American Journal of Rural Development. 2020; 8(1):28-36. doi: 10.12691/ajrd-8-1-4


This research was conducted in Swabi district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa with the aims to study the knowledge of farmers and to evaluate the perceptions of the farmers about Climate Change (CC). To accomplish these objectives primary data was collected from 98 randomly selected farmers by structure questionnaire through face to face interview method and was analysed by using descriptive statistics. Findings revealed that majority (93%) of farmers were aware of CC phenomena and perceived changes in temperature (89%) and precipitation (86%) during the last decade. Crop diversification, soil and water management practices and application of necessary farm inputs were the farmer’s preferred adaptive strategies to CC. Barriers to adaptive strategies were the ineffective government support, lack of capital, information and extension services, traditional beliefs and high cost of farm inputs. The study concludes that climate is changing and the farmers are practicing different adaptive strategies to overcome this problem, but still there is a space for more scientifically verified strategies which can boost the farmer’s productivity and increased the overall wellbeing for the future sustainability of farming.

climate farming status and farmers perceptions

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