American Journal of Public Health Research
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American Journal of Public Health Research. 2020, 8(4), 125-131
DOI: 10.12691/ajphr-8-4-5
Open AccessArticle

Awareness and Perceived Need of Sexual and Reproductive Health Services among Higher Secondary School Adolescents in Post Disaster Setting of Sindhupalchowk District, Nepal

Ghimire Raju1, , D’mello Mackwin1, Khadka Krishna1, Thapa Deependra Kaji2 and Upadhyay Abinash1

1K.S Hegde Medical Academy, Nitte University, Manglore, India

2Statistical development officer, UNDP, Nepal

Pub. Date: July 30, 2020

Cite this paper:
Ghimire Raju, D’mello Mackwin, Khadka Krishna, Thapa Deependra Kaji and Upadhyay Abinash. Awareness and Perceived Need of Sexual and Reproductive Health Services among Higher Secondary School Adolescents in Post Disaster Setting of Sindhupalchowk District, Nepal. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2020; 8(4):125-131. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-8-4-5

Abstract

Health care in developing countries are not prepared to provide services to adolescents due to inadequate awareness of adolescent health needs and are identified as a vulnerable and under-served population group. The aim of the study was to assess awareness and perceived need of Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) services among the adolescents (15-19 years) in higher secondary schools in post disaster setting in Sindhupalchowk district, Nepal. The descriptive cross-sectional study was based on a structured, self-administered questionnaire with a representative sample of 542 taken from 16 (30%) higher secondary schools of Sindhupalchowk district of Nepal by applying multistage-clustered sampling. Descriptive data was used to summarize the dependent variables. Bivariate analysis and multivariate analysis was done to find out the factors associated with awareness and perceived need of SRH services. Forty-seven percent of the adolescents have inadequate knowledge of SRH service. Nineteen percent of the students had ever felt the need to access SRH services. Grade XI students OR (0.34, 95% CI, (0.24, 0.5)), faculty p< 0.001, being male OR (0.66, 95% CI, (0.45-0.97)), age group 15 to 16 OR (0.46 (0.32-0.67)), near to family OR (0.42(0.28, 0.63)) were associated with SRH knowledge. Being male OR (2.12, 95% CI (1.3- 3.3)) and being poor OR (2.17 95% CI (1.2-3.7)) were associated with perceived need of SRH services. Adolescents have inadequate knowledge of SRH services. One fifth of the study subject who had perceived need, majority did not seek SRH services. For majority of adolescents' privacy and confidentiality, feeling of shyness played as a major perceived barrier.

Keywords:
awareness higher secondary school perceived needs post disaster setting sexual and reproductive health

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