American Journal of Medical Case Reports
ISSN (Print): 2374-2151 ISSN (Online): 2374-216X Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajmcr Editor-in-chief: Samy, I. McFarlane
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American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2021, 9(1), 53-56
DOI: 10.12691/ajmcr-9-1-13
Open AccessArticle

Neurogenic Pulmonary Edema: A Case Report

Stella Onyi1, Chukwuemeka A. Umeh2, and John Yasmer1

1Department of Radiology, Hemet Valley Medical Center, Hemet, California, USA

2Department of Internal Medicine, Hemet Valley Medical Center, Hemet, California, USA

Pub. Date: November 04, 2020

Cite this paper:
Stella Onyi, Chukwuemeka A. Umeh and John Yasmer. Neurogenic Pulmonary Edema: A Case Report. American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2021; 9(1):53-56. doi: 10.12691/ajmcr-9-1-13

Abstract

Background: Neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) is a rare pulmonary edema that develops rapidly after an acute central nervous system injury. The mechanism by which neurological insult leads to pulmonary edema is not well understood. The clinical presentation of NPE varies widely and ranges from asymptomatic cases to fulminant cases. Clinical signs in pure NPE are usually those of acute pulmonary edema, without signs of left ventricular failure. Case Report: The author presents a case of NPE is a young female patient with a brief epileptic seizure in which NPE resolved within 48 hours. Patient had no respiratory symptoms but was initially placed on antibiotics because her chest x-ray showed bilateral lung patchy opacifications in a perihilar distribution suggestive of pulmonary edema and/or multifocal pneumonia. Antibiotics was discontinued when the pulmonary edema resolved. Conclusion: There is need for physicians to be aware of NPE to avoid unnecessary antibiotics in asymptomatic patients who present with bilateral pulmonary infiltrates following an epileptic seizure.

Keywords:
Neurogenic pulmonary edema epilepsy seizure disorder case report

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