American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2013, 1(1), 15-20DOI:
Abstract: Steel-concrete-steel (SCS) sandwich construction combines the advantages of both steel and concrete and finds application in numerous areas such as bridges, protection against impact and blast loads, flooring system etc. Shear connector is a critical component of SCS system. In the present study, two new configurations of bi-directionally inclined shear connector are proposed. Response behaviour of SCS beams with bi-directionally inclined connector is obtained through numerical investigations. Finite element models of SCS beams are generated by using a simplified approach that employs solid, plate and beam elements to represent concrete, cover plates and shear connector respectively. Behaviour of concrete is represented using concrete damaged plasticity model, while steel behaviour is modelled by using bilinear stress-strain curve. Beam is simply supported and is subjected to a central concentrated load. Nonlinear static analysis is carried out to obtain load-deflection response. Numerical model is validated by solving a SCS beam with through-through connectors, which was experimentally investigated in literature. Responses from bi-directionally inclined connectors are compared with that of through-through connectors. Bi-directionally inclined connector is found to be more ductile compared to that of through-through connector, while the load carrying capacity remains same. Parametric study is carried out by varying the cover plate thickness, angle of inclination and diameter of the connector to study their influence on the behaviour of the steel-concrete composite beam.