Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2328-3912 ISSN (Online): 2328-3920 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/aees Editor-in-chief: Alejandro González Medina
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2020, 8(1), 21-24
DOI: 10.12691/aees-8-1-3
Open AccessArticle

Diversity Status of Fishes in Mauns and Chaurs of Samastipur, N.Bihar

Kumari Sushma Saroj1, and Jitendra Prasad2

1Department of Zoology, Dr. L.K.V.D. College, Tajpur, Samastipur

2Department of Zoology, Samastipur College, Samastipur

Pub. Date: January 05, 2020

Cite this paper:
Kumari Sushma Saroj and Jitendra Prasad. Diversity Status of Fishes in Mauns and Chaurs of Samastipur, N.Bihar. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2020; 8(1):21-24. doi: 10.12691/aees-8-1-3

Abstract

Extensive field survey and fish sampling was done to assess the abundance and distribution of fishes in flood plain wetlands specially mauns and chaurs in Samastipur district of N. Bihar. A total of 43 species from 31 genera, 18 families and 8 orders were reported. The survey result showed that among the total fish species collected, Order Cypriniformes held a major portion of the district’s fish fauna. Fish of the Family Cyprinidae was the most abundant (37.2% of the total fish species), followed by the Family Channidae (9.3%) & Bagridae. As far as conservation status is concerned the percentage of fish under the threatened category is almost up to 25.5% i.e. 2.32% endangered, 2.32% near threatened and 20% vulnerable of the total collected fish species while status of 58.13% was Lower risk near threatened. A large number of them have edible as well as aquarium species value.

Keywords:
diversity fishes mauns chaurs

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Hora, S.L. (1937). Notes on fishes in the Indian Museum, on three collections of fish from Mysore and Coorg, south India. Records of the Indian Museum, 1937, 39: 5-28.
 
[2]  Talwar, P.K. & Jhingran, A.G. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Oxford-IBH Publ. Ltd., New Delhi, 1991, 1158pp.
 
[3]  Jayaram, K.C. The freshwater fishes of Indian region. Narendra Publ. House, New Delhi.1999, 551pp.
 
[4]  Pandey, A K and Das P. Current status of fish germplasm resources of India and strategies for conservation of endangered species. In: Proceedings of Recent Advances in Applied Zoology (eds. Singh H S, Chaubey A K and Bhardwaj S K), 2006, 1-39. Ch.Charan Singh University, Meerut.
 
[5]  Lakra W S and Pandey A K. Fish germplasm resources of India with special emphasis on conservation and rehabilitation of threatened species. In: Aquaculture Management (eds: Goswami, U. C and Kumar D), 2009, 85-104. Narendra Pub. House, Delhi.
 
[6]  Lakra, W.S. Fish biodiversity of Uttar Pradesh: issues of livelihood security, threats and conservation. In: National Conference on Biodiversity, Development and Poverty Alleviation, 2010, 40-45. Uttar Pradesh State Biodiversity Board, Lucknow
 
[7]  Ayyappan S, Moza U, Gopalakrishnan A, Meenakumari B, Jena J Kand Pandey A K Handbook of Fisheries and Aquaculture.2011, 2nd edn. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi.
 
[8]  P.K. Srivastava. Fish Diversity and Conservation Perspectives of Gandak River, India; / Our Nature, 2013, 11(1):7
 
[9]  Day, F. The fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. The Fishes, 1889, Vol. I, pp. xviii+548, Vol. II, pp. xiv+509.
 
[10]  Jayaram K. C. The freshwater fishes of the Indian region. Narendra Publ. House, Delhi, India. 2nd revised edition.2010, 16pp
 
[11]  Jerdon, T.C. On the freshwater fishes of southern India (continued from p149). Madras Journal of Literature and Science, 1849, 15(2): 302-346.
 
[12]  Menon A.G.K. Checklist: Freshwater Fishes of India, 1999, xviii + 366, Occasional Paper No. 175, Zoological Survey of India (Calcutta).
 
[13]  Misra, K.S. 1969. Pisces: the fauna of India and adjacent countries. New Delhi: Manager Publications, 1969, Vol 1. 2nd, ed. 276 pp.
 
[14]  Misra, K.S. Pisces: the fauna of India and adjacent countries.. New Delhi: Manager Publications, 1976a, Vol. 2. 2nd, ed 438 pp.
 
[15]  Day, F. The fishes of India being a Natural History of The Fishes Known to Inhabit the Seas and Freshwater of India, Burma and Ceylon, 1878, Vol. I & II, pp. xx+778, pls. cxiv
 
[16]  Vishwanath, W. Fishes of North East India- A Guide to Species Identification. Manipur: National Agricultural Technology Project. Manipur University, 2002.
 
[17]  Sinha, M. and B. C. Jha. Uttar Bihar ke matsyaki jal sansadhan - vartman awastha evem bhavisambhawnayae, 1997a, Bulletin No. 70, CIFRI, Barrackpore.
 
[18]  Jha, B. C. Floodplain fishery of the Gandak basin Bihar. In: Howes J. R., (Ed.), 1995, Conservation and sustainable use of floodplain wetlands, Asian Wetland Bureau, Kuala Lumpur, A WB Publication,1995, 113 : 89-97.
 
[19]  Kumar, P., S.K. Barma & B.R. Subba. A Checklist of fishes of eastern Terai of Nepal. Nepalese Journal of Biosciences, 2011, 1: 63-65.
 
[20]  Niraj, K. Study of Ichthyofaunal Biodiversity of Turkaulia Lake, East-Champaran, Bihar, India; I. Res. J. Environment Sci., 2012, Vol. 1(2), 21-24,
 
[21]  IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature). IUCN Red list of threatened species, version, 2014, 2. Accessed at http://www.iucnredlist.org, 13 October 2014.
 
[22]  Rafique M, Khan NUH. Distribution and Status of Significant Freshwater Fishes of Pakistan. Rec. Zool. Surv. Pakistan, 2012, 21: 90-95.
 
[23]  Sarkar UK, Pathak AK, Sinha RK, Sivakumar K, Pandian AK, Pandey, A. Freshwater fish biodiversity in the River Ganga (India): changing pattern, threats and conservation perspectives. Rev Fish Biol Fisher, 2012, 22(1):251-272.