Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences
ISSN (Print): 2328-3912 ISSN (Online): 2328-3920 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/aees Editor-in-chief: Alejandro González Medina
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Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2019, 7(2), 35-44
DOI: 10.12691/aees-7-2-1
Open AccessArticle

Assessment of Hazard Flash Points Predisposing Resident Communities to Disaster Risk in Adentan Municipality in Ghana

Stephen Twumasi Annan1, , Francis Adarkwah2, Memuna M. Mattah3 and Stephen Awuni4

1Department of Science, SDA College of Education, P. O. Box 18, Asokore-Koforidua

2Vision World Network Ghana, P. O. Box DK 74, Darkuman- Accra

3Department of Environment and Development Studies, Central University, P.O. Box 2325 Ghana

4Science and Technology Policy Research Institute (CSIR-STEPRI), P. O. Box CT 519, Cantonment, Accra-Ghana

Pub. Date: March 05, 2019

Cite this paper:
Stephen Twumasi Annan, Francis Adarkwah, Memuna M. Mattah and Stephen Awuni. Assessment of Hazard Flash Points Predisposing Resident Communities to Disaster Risk in Adentan Municipality in Ghana. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 2019; 7(2):35-44. doi: 10.12691/aees-7-2-1

Abstract

The dynamics in global development and population growth has led to increasing disasters. Migration to urban areas in the quest for greener pastures and white colour jobs in developing countries has become a driving force of movement of people. This has led to high demand for land in urban areas compelling many urban poor to reside in slams and waterways. This exposes the urban poor to many hazards resulting in disaster occurrences. Ghana is not an exception to this phenomenon. The situation in Ghana is further exacerbated by the complexities of the land tenure system. This study was therefore conducted to assess the current hazards that predispose communities in the Adentan municipality to vulnerability and possible disasters, and to inform decision making. Stratified random sampling was used to sample respondents for focus group discussions, interviews, and questionnaire administration. A global positioning system (GPS) was used to pick coordinates of flashpoints of hazards and disasters prone areas, and field observations were also used to complement available data. Hazards such as uncompleted roads and drainage systems, encroachment on wetlands and waterways were identified to be the major causes of the recurrent flooding in the area. Improper wiring and bad practices were found to be the cause of fire outbreaks. Lack of enforcement of Land use and Spatial Planning Act 2016, building regulations, poverty, urbanization and decline in ecosystem services contributed to disasters. Principles of green economy, proper law enforcement for planning and building regulations were recommended to ensure sanity in the municipality.

Keywords:
disaster risk; hazards vulnerability Adendan municipality environment Ghana

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