World Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities
ISSN (Print): 2474-1426 ISSN (Online): 2474-1434 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/wjssh Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
World Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities. 2018, 4(3), 162-169
DOI: 10.12691/wjssh-4-3-4
Open AccessArticle

The Homestay Phenomenon: Expedient Homes in the Majestic Cordillera Highlands

Darwin Don M. Dacles1, , Fe Yolanda G. Del Rosario2 and Mr. Kenneth L. Maslang1,

1SMU Indigenous Knowledge and Tradition Center Saint Mary's University Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya 3700, Philippines

2SMU University Research Center

Pub. Date: October 07, 2018

Cite this paper:
Darwin Don M. Dacles, Fe Yolanda G. Del Rosario and Mr. Kenneth L. Maslang. The Homestay Phenomenon: Expedient Homes in the Majestic Cordillera Highlands. World Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities. 2018; 4(3):162-169. doi: 10.12691/wjssh-4-3-4

Abstract

Utilizing combination of quantitative and qualitative research approaches using the techniques of survey, open-ended questions and interviews, this study aimed to: (a) describe Batad’s geographical location and ecotourism attractions; (b) analyze Batad’s Homestay as a potential economic driver to boost local tourism efforts; (c) identify current enablers as well as challenges of the homestay industry; and (d) propose relevant recommendations to ensure the sustainability of the homestay industry. Results revealed that Batad is one of the 18 barangays of the municipality of Banaue, province of Ifugao, Philippines. It is famous for its amphitheater-like rice terraces, one of the five clusters of rice terraces in Ifugao that was inscribed in the 1995 UNESCO World Heritage Site list. This once isolated farming community is steadily transforming itself into a tourism community. It was found that some local attractions in Batad consist of: (a) Batad’s Rice Terraces resembling an amphitheater; (b) the Tappiyah Waterfalls; (c) the Awa view; (d) Sitio Patpat; (e) Batad’s Traditional Ifugao huts; and (f) Batad’s Socio-Cultural Activities. The homestay owners were dominated by female entrepreneurs, in their middle adulthood and were mostly Batad residents. Most homestays have limited staff as the homestay industry was only a part time source of income. Capacitation trainings mostly consisted of first aid or emergency response trainings, front office, social etiquettes, banquet and housekeeping. Some enabling mechanisms comprised: continuing presence of local and foreign tourists; global, national and local presence or efforts to preserve the rice terraces; infrastructural project especially the paving of roads that lead to Batad and electrification; national and local environmental education programs; rich ecotourism sites; and capacitation or assistance extended by local and national agencies. Some challenges comprised: limited contribution in community environmental education awareness; limited representation in tourism development; lacked of internet, cell phone and television signals; inadequate marketing strategies; inexperienced homestay staff; lack of waste disposal and drainage; continuing professionalization of staff; how to create unique brand image; and inadequate financial support for farmers to sustain the rice terraces.

Keywords:
community leadership community awareness and participation community capability building enablers and challenges and sustainable tourism

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Baguilat, I. (2015). Tourism inputs, initiatives and contributions in the UNESCO world heritage towns of Ifugao: Towards policy recommendations on tourism development. Unpublished dissertation. Saint Mary’s University, Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya.
 
[2]  Primer on Tourism Investments in the Philippines (2017). Department of Tourism. Retrieved from: http://web.tourism.gov.ph/industry_performance.aspx.
 
[3]  Statistics on Visitor Arrivals (2017). Department of Tourism. Retrieved from: http://web.tourism.gov.ph/industry_performance.aspx.
 
[4]  Bhuiyan, A. S. C, Shaharuddin M. & Islam, R. (2011). The role of homestay for ecotourism development in East Coast Economic Region. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 8 (6): 540-546, ISSN 1546-9239. Institute for Environment and Development, University Kebangsaan Malaysia.
 
[5]  Venkatesh, R., & Mukesh, H. (2015). The role of homestays in promoting rural tourism. Global Journal for Research Analysis, Vol. 4(4), April 2015. ISSN No. 2277-8160.
 
[6]  IMPACT (2008). The effects of tourism on culture and the environment of Asia and the Pacific. UNESCO, Bangkok.