World Journal of Organic Chemistry
ISSN (Print): 2372-2150 ISSN (Online): 2372-2169 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/wjoc Editor-in-chief: Subrata Shaw
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World Journal of Organic Chemistry. 2015, 3(1), 12-15
DOI: 10.12691/wjoc-3-1-3
Open AccessArticle

Spectral Determination of Components Isolated from the Root of Ximenia Americana Linn

OUMAR A. ADOUM1,

1Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Bayero University, P.M.B. 3011, Kano, Nigeria

Pub. Date: January 14, 2016

Cite this paper:
OUMAR A. ADOUM. Spectral Determination of Components Isolated from the Root of Ximenia Americana Linn. World Journal of Organic Chemistry. 2015; 3(1):12-15. doi: 10.12691/wjoc-3-1-3

Abstract

One steroid, β-sitosterol (I), and two carboxylic fatty acids stearic (2), and trans-4-octadecenoic (3) acids were isolated from the roots of Ximenia americana Linn. (Olacaceae). Trans-l4-octadecenoic acid exhibited in-vitro cytotoxicity against brine shrimp larvae of Artemia salina (LC50 = 79.µg/ml). Compounds 1 and 2 showed no activity in brine shrimp lethality test (LC50> 1000µg/ml). 1H and 13C NMR, IR and MS, spectroscopy have been used jointly to determine the conformation of the three compounds.

Keywords:
Ximenia americana β-sitosterol fatty acids Artemia salina brine shrimp

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