World Journal of Chemical Education
ISSN (Print): 2375-1665 ISSN (Online): 2375-1657 Website: Editor-in-chief: Prof. V. Jagannadham
Open Access
Journal Browser
World Journal of Chemical Education. 2018, 6(4), 175-179
DOI: 10.12691/wjce-6-4-3
Open AccessSpecial Issue

Improving Effectiveness of Implementing the Accountability of Public Universities in Vietnam

Pham Minh Hung1, Nguyen Thi Thu Hang1, , Nguyen Nhu An1 and Pham Le Cuong1

1Vinh University, Vinh City, Vietnam

Pub. Date: September 25, 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Teaching Science in the 21st Century)

Cite this paper:
Pham Minh Hung, Nguyen Thi Thu Hang, Nguyen Nhu An and Pham Le Cuong. Improving Effectiveness of Implementing the Accountability of Public Universities in Vietnam. World Journal of Chemical Education. 2018; 6(4):175-179. doi: 10.12691/wjce-6-4-3


Vietnamese higher education is undergoing radical and comprehensive reform in line with the general trend of higher education in the world. In innovated aspects of the Vietnamese higher education, innovating the governance model towards university autonomy and accountability is seen as a key step. On the basis of clarifying the theoretical issues of accountability, the article proposes some solutions to improve the efficiency of accountability of public universities in Vietnam: Review, supplement and readjust the legal documents on accountability of the university; Carry out accountability in various forms; Form the accountability culture in universities.

university autonomy accountability public university

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Terence Karran, Academic Freedom in Europe: A Preliminary Comparative Analysis, Higher Education Policy, 2007, 20, (289-313).
[2]  Y.C. Cheng. The Theory and chararcteristics of school-based management, International journal of Educational Managment, 7(6), 6-17, 1993.
[3]  John Fielden (2008). “Global Trends in University Governance”. World Bank Report.
[4]  Morshidi Bin Sirat (2009). “Strategic Planning Directions of Malaysia’s Higher Education: University Autonomy in The Midst of Political Uncertainties”. Higher Education (2010) 59: 461-473.
[5]  W.M. Cheung and Y.C. Cheng, A multi-level framework for self-menagement in school, International journal of Educational Managment, 10(1), 17-29, 1996.
[6]  Pham Thi Ly (2012), University Autonomy and Accountability: Relationships among Government, University and Society. Journal of Science and Technology Development, No 15, vol. 1-2012.
[7]  The Government of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam (2005), Resolution No. 14/2005 / NQ-CP dated November 2nd, 2005 Fundamental and comprehensive renewal of higher education in Vietnam.
[8]  The Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (2014), Charter of Universities.
[9]  Pham Thi Ly (2014), University Charter: There is still a gap - accountability ( / 5/02/2014).
[10]  Dao Thi Thu Hang (2018), Need to legalize University Accountability, Journal of Legislative Studies, No. 13/2018.
[11]  Pham Hiep (2017), Promoting accountability (, html December 27 / 2017).
[12]  Pham Thi Ly (2014), Accountability of the University, Saigon Economic Times 31/08/2014.