World Journal of Chemical Education
ISSN (Print): 2375-1665 ISSN (Online): 2375-1657 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/wjce Editor-in-chief: Prof. V. Jagannadham
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World Journal of Chemical Education. 2016, 4(5), 93-100
DOI: 10.12691/wjce-4-5-1
Open AccessArticle

An Undergraduate-Level Electrochemical Investigation of Gold Nanoparticles-Modified Physically Small Carbon Electrodes

Shaneel Chandra1, 2, , Wycliff Tupiti2, Sevlin Singh2, Zafiar Naaz2, Pritika K. Kishor2, Archana Goundar2, Malina Fakraufon2 and Surendra Prasad2

1School of Medical and Applied Sciences, Building 6, Central Queensland University, Bruce Highway, North Rockhampton QLD 4702, Australia

2School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment, University of the South Pacific, Laucala Campus, Suva, Fiji

Pub. Date: August 24, 2016

Cite this paper:
Shaneel Chandra, Wycliff Tupiti, Sevlin Singh, Zafiar Naaz, Pritika K. Kishor, Archana Goundar, Malina Fakraufon and Surendra Prasad. An Undergraduate-Level Electrochemical Investigation of Gold Nanoparticles-Modified Physically Small Carbon Electrodes. World Journal of Chemical Education. 2016; 4(5):93-100. doi: 10.12691/wjce-4-5-1

Abstract

This paper reports an undergraduate experiment based on analytical chemistry, electrochemistry and materials science of carbon microelectrodes. The modification of the electroactive surface of the carbon microelectrode was done using gold nanoparticles electrodeposited from gold solution. To determine the changes on the surface, the electrode was subjected to simple optical microscopy. Next, the electrode was characterized using fast-scan cyclic voltammetry of two known electrochemical redox markers: hexaamineruthenium(III) chloride and potassium hexacyanoferrate (III), i.e. potassium ferricyanide. The redox behavior of both markers demonstrated the change in electrode surface. After modification, the ferricyanide reduction peaks were observed to increase significantly, as a consequence of accelerated electron transfer. Furthermore, changes in wave slope and half-wave potentials (E½) of the redox waves also confirmed an altered electrode surface that students can logically trace back to the modification. The electrode tip dimension was also determined using a modified form of the Cottrell equation, confirming the tip size to be 2.0 µm. The discussion of these results enables an understanding of electrochemistry, analytical chemistry and materials chemistry, and presents an excellent opportunity to apply these in an undergraduate setting.

Keywords:
upper-division undergraduate laboratory instruction physical chemistry hands-on learning electrochemistry materials science surface science

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