World Journal of Chemical Education
ISSN (Print): 2375-1665 ISSN (Online): 2375-1657 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/wjce Editor-in-chief: Prof. V. Jagannadham
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World Journal of Chemical Education. 2016, 4(2), 25-31
DOI: 10.12691/wjce-4-2-1
Open AccessArticle

Quantitative Analysis of Copolymers and Blends of Polyvinyl Acetate (PVAc) Using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Elemental Analysis (EA)

Ronald P. D’Amelia1, , Samantha Gentile1, William F. Nirode1 and Ling Huang1

1Chemistry Department, Hofstra University, Hempstead, NY

Pub. Date: May 17, 2016

Cite this paper:
Ronald P. D’Amelia, Samantha Gentile, William F. Nirode and Ling Huang. Quantitative Analysis of Copolymers and Blends of Polyvinyl Acetate (PVAc) Using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Elemental Analysis (EA). World Journal of Chemical Education. 2016; 4(2):25-31. doi: 10.12691/wjce-4-2-1

Abstract

Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) is one of the most important instrumental techniques used to study the molecular structure of organic polymers. As part of our efforts to increase instrumental use in the undergraduate chemistry laboratory we have developed a quantitative FTIR experiment for use in our quantitative and instrumental analysis courses. The objective of the experiment is to determine the percent composition of PVAc in copolymers and blends with polyethylene (PE) and n-vinyl pyrrolidone (PVP). We report on the experimental methods used and the results obtained on examining the quantitative FTIR and elemental analysis of a series of ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVAc) copolymers. The EVAc copolymers ranged from 10% to 70% PVAc. Copolymers and blends of n-vinyl pyrrolidone-polyvinyl acetate (PVP/PVAc) ranging from 20% to 80% PVAc were also analyzed.

Keywords:
quantitative analysis elemental analysis Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy undergraduate laboratory experiment hand-on learning Ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer n-vinyl pyrrolidone - vinyl acetate copolymer and blends

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