World Journal of Chemical Education
ISSN (Print): 2375-1665 ISSN (Online): 2375-1657 Website: Editor-in-chief: Prof. V. Jagannadham
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World Journal of Chemical Education. 2015, 3(3), 64-69
DOI: 10.12691/wjce-3-3-2
Open AccessArticle

Qualitative Measurement of pH and Mathematical Methods for the Determination of the Equivalence Point in Volumetric Analysis

Andrea Checchetti1, and Jessica Lanzo2,

1Istituto d’Istruzione Superiore, “Leonardo da Vinci”, San Giovanni in Fiore, Italy

2Istituto Comprensivo, “Scopelliti-Green, Rosarno, Italy

Pub. Date: May 26, 2015

Cite this paper:
Andrea Checchetti and Jessica Lanzo. Qualitative Measurement of pH and Mathematical Methods for the Determination of the Equivalence Point in Volumetric Analysis. World Journal of Chemical Education. 2015; 3(3):64-69. doi: 10.12691/wjce-3-3-2


In this article is presented a gradual path on the pH making use of the laboratory. The idea arises from the consideration that the laboratory does not have to be the place of the ritual repetition of standardized procedures, often carried out with materials and instruments prepared, but a method of approach to phenomena and situations that promote the active participation of students. We move from a qualitative measure of the pH of acidic solutions, basic and neutral, to quantitative measure of the equivalent point of an acid-base titration. The methodology used by the teachers is based on learning by doing: few notions of theory to learn the fundamental concepts and many laboratory activities that help the students to produce reports on their activity. The qualitative measurement of pH, using as an indicator the red onion of Tropea (Italy), was carried out in a lower secondary school, while the volumetric analysis has been at the center of lab activity addressed to fourth class of a technical institute. In particular, the attention has been focused on acid-base titrations and how to determine the equivalence point. In both school levels, the primary objective was the acquisition of the fundamental principles and practical skills relating to the methods of analysis. All activities have been selected and organized in order to constitute a valid and mutual integration with the theory, not only as a moment of experimental verification of what the students have learned in theory, but also, where possible, as a basic tool to derive laws, principles theoretical models starting from the experience.

measurement of pH acid-base titrations mathematical methods chemistry experimentation

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