World Journal of Agricultural Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-0643 ISSN (Online): 2333-0678 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/wjar Editor-in-chief: Rener Luciano de Souza Ferraz
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World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2018, 6(4), 144-152
DOI: 10.12691/wjar-6-4-5
Open AccessArticle

Efficiency of Aphid and Thrips Vectors in Transmission of Maize Lethal Necrosis Viruses

Teresa Nyambura Kinyungu1, , James Wanjohi Muthomi1, Sevgan Subramanian2, Douglas Watuku Miano1, Florence Mmogi Olubayo1 and Joseph Wagura Kariuki1

1Department of Plant Science & Crop Protection, University of Nairobi P. O Box 30197,-00625, Nairobi, Kenya

2International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology, P.O. Box 30772-00100, Nairobi, Kenya

Pub. Date: December 17, 2018

Cite this paper:
Teresa Nyambura Kinyungu, James Wanjohi Muthomi, Sevgan Subramanian, Douglas Watuku Miano, Florence Mmogi Olubayo and Joseph Wagura Kariuki. Efficiency of Aphid and Thrips Vectors in Transmission of Maize Lethal Necrosis Viruses. World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2018; 6(4):144-152. doi: 10.12691/wjar-6-4-5

Abstract

Maize lethal necrosis disease occur in major growing regions of Kenya, causing losses of up to 100% estimated at 50 million US$ in 2014/15. The study was undertaken to evaluate the efficiency of thrips and aphids in transmission of maize lethal necrosis viruses. Maize seedlings were inoculated with adults and nymphs of Western flower thrip (Franklinella occidentalis), corn leaf aphids (Rhapolosiphum maidis) and Russian wheat aphid (Diuraphis noxia) carrying maize lethal necrosis viruses. Data collected included virus titre, disease incidence and severity and plant height. Area under disease progress curve (AUDPC) was calculated using the MLN severity data. Adults of R. maidis were the most efficient vector of Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV) but adults and nymphs of F. occidentalis did not transmit any of the maize lethal necrosis viruses. The highest titre of SCMV at 0.38 was noted in plants where adults of R. maidis were used to transmit viruses. Disease severity and AUDPC was highest at 44.4 % and 928.3 respectively in plants inoculated with viruses using adults of R. maidis. Inoculating maize plants with viruses using R. maidis reduced plant height by 15.1 to 18.2%. The study showed that adults of R. maidis are the most efficient in transmission of Sugarcane mosaic virus. Therefore, for effective management of maize lethal necrosis disease, management of aphid vectors is critical.

Keywords:
isease vectors Diuraphis noxia Franklinella occidentalis Maize lethal necrosis Rhapolosiphum maidis Virus transmission

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