World Journal of Agricultural Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-0643 ISSN (Online): 2333-0678 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/wjar Editor-in-chief: Rener Luciano de Souza Ferraz
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2018, 6(3), 82-86
DOI: 10.12691/wjar-6-3-2
Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of Agronomic Performances of Five Cowpea Lines in the Experimental Research Station of Saria, Burkina Faso

Antoine Barro1, , Téyouré Benoit Joseph Batieno2, Jean Baptiste De La Salle Tignégré3, James Bougouma Neya2, Korotoumou Palé1, Adama Kaboré2, Mahamadi Hamed Ouédraogo4 and Mahamadou Sawadogo4

1Université de Dédougou, BP 07, Dédougou, Burkina Faso

2Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles, BP 476, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

3World Vegetable Center (AVRDC), BP 320, Bamako, Mali

4Université Ouaga I Pr Joseph KI-ZERBO, 03 BP 7021, Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso

Pub. Date: May 22, 2018

Cite this paper:
Antoine Barro, Téyouré Benoit Joseph Batieno, Jean Baptiste De La Salle Tignégré, James Bougouma Neya, Korotoumou Palé, Adama Kaboré, Mahamadi Hamed Ouédraogo and Mahamadou Sawadogo. Evaluation of Agronomic Performances of Five Cowpea Lines in the Experimental Research Station of Saria, Burkina Faso. World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2018; 6(3):82-86. doi: 10.12691/wjar-6-3-2

Abstract

Considered by most producers as their coffee and cocoa as it plays a role of cash crop, cowpea constitutes in Burkina Faso an important source of income to satisfy the needs of families in rural environment. It is grown in all agro-ecological area of the country. Despite this advantage, its production is held back by biotic and abiotic constraints that significantly reduce yields. Best performing varieties are therefore needed by farmers to improve productivity and their livelihoods. The present study which is an agronomic performances evaluation of five cowpea lines at Saria station was done in the field in a Fisher block with three (03) replications. The results revealed significant differences (P < 0.05) among lines for the parameters chlorophyll content, the number of days to 95% maturity, and the weight of one hundred seeds. On the other hand, no significant difference (P > 0.05) was noted among lines concerning grain and fodder yields. However, the best results have been obtained with the improved lines BC3F10P34-1 and BC3F10P34-3. These lines were better than their parent KVx745-11P and could be disseminated to rural producers to ensure food security and improve their incomes.

Keywords:
cowpea agronomic performances evaluation Burkina Faso

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Pasquet, R. S., Baudoin J. P, “Le niébé, Vigna unguiculata, in: Charrier, A., Jacquot, M., Hammon, S., Nicolas, D.”, L’amélioration des plantes tropicales, CIRAD-ORSTOM, Montpellier, France, pp. 483-505. 1997.
 
[2]  FAOSTAT. Agricultural production, crop primary database. Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, Rome, Italy. http://faostat.fao.org/faostat. 2013.
 
[3]  Barro, A., Sawadogo, M., Kiébre, Z. and Neya, B. J, “Evaluation de la résistance de quelques lignées et écotypes de niébé (Vigna unguiculata (L.) WALP.) au Cowpea Aphid-Borne Mosaic Virus au Burkina Faso “, International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies,15 (2): 387-394. 2016.
 
[4]  Reeves, W. H, Le niébé. IITA, Ibadan Nigeria, 170 p. 1983.
 
[5]  Tignégré, J. B. S. Genetic study of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) walp.) resistance to Striga gesnerioides (Willd.)Vatke in Burkina Faso. Thèse de Doctorat (PhD), University of KwaZulu-Natal Republic of South Africa, 170 p. 2010.
 
[6]  Guinko, S. Végétation de la Haute-Volta. Thèse de Doctorat ès Sciences Naturelles. Université de Bordeaux III (France).Tome l, 318 p. 1984.
 
[7]  Zougmoré, R., Mando, A., Stroosnijder, L, “Effect of soil and water conservation and nutrient management on the soil-plant water balance in semi-arid Burkina Faso”, Agricultural Water Management, 65: 103-120. 2004.
 
[8]  Heller R, “Abrégé de Physiologie Végétale. Développement”. Masson, Paris, 315 p. 1995.
 
[9]  Cissé, N., Ndiaye, M., Thiaw, S., Hall, A. E, “Registration of “Mouride” cowpea “, Crop Science, 35: 1215-1216. 1995.
 
[10]  N’gbesso, F. P. M., Fondio, L., Dibi, B. E.K., Djidji, H. A., Kouamé, C. N, “Etude des composantes du rendement de variétés améliorées de niébé”, Journal of Applied Biosciences, 63: 4754-4762. 2013.
 
[11]  Khan, A., Bari, A., Khan, S., Shan, N. H., Zada, I, “Performance of cowpea genotypes at higher altitude of NWFP”, Pak. J. Bot., 42 (4): 2291-2296. 2010.