World Journal of Agricultural Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-0643 ISSN (Online): 2333-0678 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/wjar Editor-in-chief: Rener Luciano de Souza Ferraz
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World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2018, 6(2), 70-76
DOI: 10.12691/wjar-6-2-6
Open AccessArticle

By-product Originating from Artisan Distillers of Rice Alcohol in Northern Vietnam: Production, Use and Nutrient Value for Smallholder Pig Raising

Nguyen Cong Oanh1, 2, Pham Kim Dang2, Do Duc Luc2, Jérôme Bindelle3, Nassim Moula4, Vu Dinh Ton2 and Jean-Luc Hornick1,

1University of Liège, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Animal Resources Management, Nutrition Unit, Quartier vallée 2, avenue de Cureghem 6, B43a, 4000 Liège, Belgium

2Vietnam National University of Agriculture, Faculty of Animal Science, Center for Interdisciplinary Research on Rural Development, Ngo Xuan Quang Street, Trauquy, Gialam, 100000 Hanoi, Vietnam

3University of Liège, Faculty of Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Precision Livestock and Nutrition Unit Passage des déportés, 2, 5030 Gembloux, Belgium

4University of Liège, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Animal Resources Management, FARAH Center, Quartier vallée 2, avenue de Cureghem 6, B43a, 4000 Liège, Belgium

Pub. Date: April 27, 2018

Cite this paper:
Nguyen Cong Oanh, Pham Kim Dang, Do Duc Luc, Jérôme Bindelle, Nassim Moula, Vu Dinh Ton and Jean-Luc Hornick. By-product Originating from Artisan Distillers of Rice Alcohol in Northern Vietnam: Production, Use and Nutrient Value for Smallholder Pig Raising. World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2018; 6(2):70-76. doi: 10.12691/wjar-6-2-6

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate by-product production originating from artisan distillers of rice alcohol and its use as pig feed in three provinces (Hai Duong, Hung Yen and Bac Giang) of Northern Vietnam. A total of 120 rice alcohol producers classified by production scales (30 producers for Large-L, 45 producers for Medium-M and 45 producers for Small-S) were interviewed from January to August 2015. Additionally, sixty-three rice distiller’s by-product samples were collected from the study areas to determine their daily nutrient content according to one week storage time. The annual dry matter feedstuff production was estimated to 4.8, 3.0 and 2.1 tons per household for L, M and S scales, respectively (p<0.001). Swine herd size increased with the scale of household alcohol production (p<0.05). The proportion of rice distiller’s by-product in diet of swine lowered when turning from pregnant to lactating sows, and varied in fattening pigs. Rice distiller’s by-product was rich in high quality crude protein, copper and lactic acid but poor in dry matter. Its nutritive value remained stable over a week under ambient conditions. In conclusion, rice distiller’s by-product provides significant and stable amounts of nutrients in northern vietnamese pig production.

Keywords:
artisan rice distillers nutrient pig Northern Vietnam

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