World Journal of Agricultural Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-0643 ISSN (Online): 2333-0678 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/wjar Editor-in-chief: Rener Luciano de Souza Ferraz
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World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2018, 6(2), 49-57
DOI: 10.12691/wjar-6-2-3
Open AccessArticle

Planting Time and Pesticide Application on the Agronomic Performance of Chickpea in Semi-arid Zone, South Western Uganda

Peace Kankwatsa1, Robert Muzira1, and Steven Byenkya2

1National Agricultural Research Organization, Mbarara Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MBAZARDI), P.O. Box 389, Mbarara, Uganda

2National Agricultural Research Organization, Bulinda Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute (BUZARDI), P.O. Box 101, Hoima, Uganda

Pub. Date: April 13, 2018

Cite this paper:
Peace Kankwatsa, Robert Muzira and Steven Byenkya. Planting Time and Pesticide Application on the Agronomic Performance of Chickpea in Semi-arid Zone, South Western Uganda. World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2018; 6(2):49-57. doi: 10.12691/wjar-6-2-3

Abstract

Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is an under-utilised food legume in Uganda with great potential to contribute to household food, nutrition and income security. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of planting time on the agronomic performance of Desi and Kabuli chickpea genotypes. The study was conducted on-station in Mbarara district during the 2011A, B and 2012A seasons. In the 2011A season, the unusual shorter rainfall and high temperatures favoured high pod borer (Helicoverpa armigera) infestation that resulted in low grain yields (347-521 kg ha-1). In the excessively rainy and cool long 2011B season, chickpea planted before and at the onset of rainfall had high Ascochyta blight plant infection. The highly wet and dry conditions significantly (P ≤ 0.05) reduced the grain yields (400 t ha-1) of chickpea, to below its potential of 1000-3000 kg ha-1. Crops that coincided with well distributed rains alternating with sufficient sunshine (planted in late March 2012A) had higher yields (> 1200 kg ha-1). Yield losses associated with pests and diseases were managed when sowing was done after the peak of the rain season (end of March and October). Therefore, chickpea requires moderately low well distributed rains, with adequate sunny days during the vegetative and reproduction stages for higher grain yields. Integration proper planting time, variety and judicial pesticide application constituted the appropriate strategy for pod borer and Ascochyta blight management for the enhanced chickpea agronomic performance in the South Western Agro Ecological Zone of Uganda.

Keywords:
chickpea agronomic performance Ascochyta blight Helicoverpa armigera SWAEZ Uganda

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