World Journal of Agricultural Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-0643 ISSN (Online): 2333-0678 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/wjar Editor-in-chief: Rener Luciano de Souza Ferraz
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2018, 6(2), 37-48
DOI: 10.12691/wjar-6-2-2
Open AccessArticle

Estimation of General and Specific Combining Ability of Maize Inbred Lines Using Single Cross Testers for Earliness

Benard Mbuvi1, , Murenga Mwimali2 and Mwangi Githiri1

1Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT), Nairobi, Kenya

2Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO), Nairobi, Kenya

Pub. Date: March 13, 2018

Cite this paper:
Benard Mbuvi, Murenga Mwimali and Mwangi Githiri. Estimation of General and Specific Combining Ability of Maize Inbred Lines Using Single Cross Testers for Earliness. World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2018; 6(2):37-48. doi: 10.12691/wjar-6-2-2

Abstract

Maize (Zea mays L.) is third most consumed crop worldwide after rice and wheat. Maize is the main staple food in sub-Saharan Africa and Kenya, however, production has continuously been low over the past years. A line by tester analysis was carried out for 30 inbred lines and two testers to evaluate the GCA and SCA effects for yield and associated traits at three locations in Kenya during the 2016/2017 growing season. There were significant GCA and SCA mean squares indicating that both additive and non-additive gene effects contributed to the inheritance of the traits studied. Sum of squares of GCA was more than of SCA hence additive main effects contributed more to the inheritance of the traits than non-additive gene effects. Lines 1, 17, 6, 29 and 30 were good general combiners for grain yield. Testcrosses L30×T2 (4.40 t ha-1), L13×T1 (3.85 t ha-1), L20×T1 (3.59 t ha-1) and L9×T1 (3.52 t ha-1) yielded higher than best check mean and had good specific combining ability for grain yield and earliness in anthesis and silking dates. These genotypes can be evaluated further for grain yield and earliness and commercially released for use in areas with short rains.

Keywords:
general combining ability specific combining ability line by tester single cross testers earliness

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Sharma K, Misra M (2011) Molecular approaches towards analyzing the viruses infecting maize (Zea mays L.). J Gnrl and Mol Vrlgy 3:1-17.
 
[2]  FAOSTAT (2017) FAOSTAT Statistical database: Agricultural Data, Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.
 
[3]  Mwimali M, Derera J, Tongoona P, Mugo S, Gichuru L (2015) Combining ability for stem borer resistance and heterotic orientation of maize inbred lines using CIMMYT single cross testers under Chilo partellus infestation. Plnt Brdng and Crp Sci J 7:310-326.
 
[4]  Tefera T, Mugo S, Beyene Y, Karaya H, Gakunga J, Demissie G (2013) Postharvest Insect Pest and Foliar Disease Resistance and Agronomic Performance of New Maize Hybrids in East Africa. J Plnt Brdng and Gntcs 7:92-104.
 
[5]  Wambugu PW, Mathenge Auma, VanRheenen (2012) Constraints to On-farm maize (Zea mays L.) seed production in Western Kenya: plant growth and yield. Int Schlrly Rsrch Ntwrk J 7: 2-7.
 
[6]  Muungani D, Setimela P, Dimairo M (2007) Analysis of multi-environment, mother-baby trial data using the GGE biplots (Vol. 8, pp. 103-112). El minia, Egypt: Africn crp sci prcdngs.
 
[7]  Kanagarasu S, Nallathambi G, Ganesan K (2010) Combining Ability Analysis for Yield and Its Component Traits in Maize (Zea Mays L.). J Plnt Brdng 1:915-920.
 
[8]  Hallauer AR, Miranda JB (1988) Quantitative Genetics in Maize Breeding. Lowa State University Press, Ames, Lowa.
 
[9]  Makumbi D, Javier FB, BaNziger M, Ribaut JM (2011) Combining Ability, Heterosis and Genetic Diversity in Tropical Maize (Zea Mays L.) under Stress and Non-Stress Conditions. Euphytica 180:143-162.
 
[10]  Jebaraj S, Selvakumar A, Shanthi P (2010) Study of gene action in maize hybrids. Agric Rsrch J 44: 136-140.
 
[11]  Kamara MM, El-Degwy S, Koyama H (2014) Estimation combining ability of some maize inbred lines using line × tester mating design under two nitrogen levels. Crp Sci J 8:1336-1342.
 
[12]  Seyoum A, Wegary D, Alamerew S (2016) Test Cross Performance and Combining Ability of Elite Highland Maize (Zea Mays L.) Inbred Lines at Jimma, South West Ethiopia. Trnd in Rsrch and Dvpt J 3: 13-26.
 
[13]  Sanghera GS, Hussein W (2012) Heterosis and combining ability estimates using line x tester analysis to develop rice hybrids for temperate conditions. Notulae Scientia Biologicae 4:131-142.
 
[14]  Sabaghnia N, Karimizadeh R, Mohammadi M (2012) Model selection in additive main effect and multiplicative interaction model in durum wheat. Genetika 44:325-339.
 
[15]  Udaykumar K, Wali M, Madalageri D, Malakannavar L, Gangashetty P (2013) Combining Ability Studies for Yield and its Related Traits in Newly Derived Inbred Lines of Maize (Zea mays L.). J Mol Plnt Brdng 4:71-76.
 
[16]  Nzuve F, Githiri S, Mukunya DM, Gethi J (2013) Analysis of Genotype x Environment Interaction for Grain Yield in Maize Hybrids. J Agric Sci 5:75-85.
 
[17]  Evelyn M, Charles N, Patricia M (2017) Smallholder Farmers’ Perceptions and Adaptations to Climate Change and Variability in Kitui County, Kenya. J Erth Sci Clmt Chnge 6:1-7.
 
[18]  Patterrson HD, Williams ER (1976) A new class of resolvable incomplete block designs. Biometrika 63:83-92.
 
[19]  Magorokosho C, Vivek B, MacRobert J (2009) Characterization of maize germplasm grown in eastern and southern Africa: Results of the 2008 regional trials coordinated by CIMMYT, Harare, Zimbabwe. CIMMYT.
 
[20]  VSN International (2011) GenStat for Windows 14th Edition. VSN International, Hemel Hempstead, UK.
 
[21]  Dabholkar AR (1992) Elements of biometrical genetics. Concept Publishing Company, New Delhi, India.
 
[22]  Darbeshwar R (2000) Analysis and Exploitation of Variation. Norosha Publishing House, India.
 
[23]  Legesse BW, Pixley KV, Botha AM (2009) Combining ability and heterotic grouping of highland transitional maize inbred lines. Maydica 1-9.
 
[24]  Shah L, Rahman HU, Ali A, Bazai NA, Tahir M (2015) Combining ability estimates from line X tester mating design in maize (Zea mays L.). J Agric Sci and Rsrch 3:71-75.
 
[25]  Dagne W, Vivek BS, Tadesse B, Abdissa K, Worku M, Legesse W (2010) Combining ability and heterotic relationships between CIMMYT and Ethiopan inbred lines. J Agric Sci 20:82-93.
 
[26]  Demissew A, Zelleke H, Kanuajia KR, Dagne W (2011) Combining ability in maize lines for agronomic traits and resistance to weevil. Crp Sci J 2: 37-48.
 
[27]  Haydar FMA, Paul NK (2014) Combining ability analysis for different yield components in Maize (Zea mays L.). J Plnt Brdng and Gntcs 27:17-23.
 
[28]  Ahmad A, Saleem M (2003) Combining ability analysis in Zea mays L. J Agric and Bio 5:239-244.
 
[29]  Bayisa A, Hussein M, Habtamu (2008) Combining ability of transition highland maize inbred lines. E Afric Crp Sci J 2:19-24.
 
[30]  Badu-Apraku B, Annor B, Oyekunle M, Akinwale RO, Fakorede MAB, Talabi AO, Fasanmade Y (2015) Grouping of early maturing quality protein maize inbreds based on SNP markers and combining ability under multiple environments. Fld Crps Res J 169-183.
 
[31]  Iqbal M, Saleem M, Rashid O (2001) Inter-racial heterosis in maize hybrids. J Sci and Indstrl Rscs 44:239-243.
 
[32]  Kanyamasoro GM, Karungi J, Asea G, Gibson P (2012) Determination of the heterotic groups of maize inbred lines and the inheritance of their resistance to the maize weevil. J African Crp Sci 20:99-104.
 
[33]  Hosana CG, Sentayehu A, Berhanu T, Temesgen M (2015) Testcross Performance and Combining Ability of Maize (Zea Mays L.) Inbred lines at Bako, Western Ethiopia. Glbal J Agric Frntr Res 15: 1-23.