World Journal of Agricultural Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-0643 ISSN (Online): 2333-0678 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/wjar Editor-in-chief: Rener Luciano de Souza Ferraz
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World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2017, 5(5), 258-264
DOI: 10.12691/wjar-5-5-2
Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of Selected Post-Emergence Herbicides for Weed Management in Maize at Different Agroecological Zones of Nigeria

Muniru B. AKADIRI1, Olatunde P. AYODELE2, and Rex D. ALADESANWA1

1Department of Crop, Soil and Pest Management, The Federal University of Technology, P.M.B 704 Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria

2Department of Agronomy, Adekunle Ajasin University Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria

Pub. Date: September 21, 2017

Cite this paper:
Muniru B. AKADIRI, Olatunde P. AYODELE and Rex D. ALADESANWA. Evaluation of Selected Post-Emergence Herbicides for Weed Management in Maize at Different Agroecological Zones of Nigeria. World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2017; 5(5):258-264. doi: 10.12691/wjar-5-5-2

Abstract

Effects of some post-emergence herbicides on growth and yield of maize was studied at rainforest, (7 16 N, 5 12 E) and rainforest-savanna transition (7 31 N, 5 45 E) agro-ecological zones of Nigeria. Atrazine at 3.0 g a.i/ha, nicosulfuron at 7.5 and 40 g a.i/ha, 2,4-D at 0.80 kg a.i /ha, and weedy check were laid out on the field in Randomized Complete Block Design with three replicates. Data collected were subjected to Analysis of variance (ANOVA) using Minitab 17 statistical software. Treatments mean were separated using Turkey test (P= 0.05). Results revealed that herbicides reduce the effect of weed competition, thereby allowing crop to perform optimally. Excellent weed control by density, weed fresh weight and weed dry weight occurred with nicosulfuron treatments, followed by 2,4-D and atrazin. However, atrazine is more effective than 2,4-D in reducing weed growth in rainforest agro-ecology. Nicosulfuron was more effective for weed control than other herbicides in both agro-ecologies of Nigeria and was recommended for successful weed management.

Keywords:
herbicides maize weed control nicosulfuron

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