World Journal of Agricultural Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-0643 ISSN (Online): 2333-0678 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/wjar Editor-in-chief: Rener Luciano de Souza Ferraz
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World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2017, 5(4), 221-232
DOI: 10.12691/wjar-5-4-4
Open AccessArticle

Assessing Shifting Cultivation Trajectories in the Southern Part of Cameroon

Mireille Feudjio T1, , Peter Minang2, Zapfack Louis1, Serge Ngendakumana3, Dieudonne Alemagi2 and Laliza Duguma2

1Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde I, Cameroon

2World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), UN Avenue, Gigiri, Nairobi, Kenya

3Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, University of Ghent

Pub. Date: July 24, 2017

Cite this paper:
Mireille Feudjio T, Peter Minang, Zapfack Louis, Serge Ngendakumana, Dieudonne Alemagi and Laliza Duguma. Assessing Shifting Cultivation Trajectories in the Southern Part of Cameroon. World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2017; 5(4):221-232. doi: 10.12691/wjar-5-4-4

Abstract

Good understand of changes in shifting cultivation and factors involved is a way forward in finding appropriate respond to preserve forested landscapes. A study was conducted with the aim of analyzing different pathways that could be taken in shifting cultivation trajectories. A total of 470 households were randomly sampled in the three study sites of the southern part in Cameroon. Data were collected using household survey, focus group discussion, interview of key informants and remote sensing based analysis of land cover. We found that shifting cultivation could migrate from traditional to a relatively modern form. Modern form is characterized by the evolution of objective from consumption to commercialization, a very short fallow, improvement of technique, and introduction of new market crops and diversification of crops produced. It is affected by population density, availability of forest land and accessibly (road and transport). In the site where traditional form is observed, 88 % of respondents revealed that there is still forest land belonging to nobody where they can create new farm. Therefore, a good management of land will constraint shifting cultivators to shift to modern agricultural technique. Moreover, it is advisable to develop policy measures to promote the progressive change of this old practice towards the adoption of appropriate agricultural techniques in the context of preservation of forested landscape.

Keywords:
shifting cultivation trajectory drivers of change traditional to modern form Cameroon

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