World Journal of Agricultural Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-0643 ISSN (Online): 2333-0678 Website: Editor-in-chief: Rener Luciano de Souza Ferraz
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World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2017, 5(4), 212-220
DOI: 10.12691/wjar-5-4-3
Open AccessArticle

Phosphorous Use Efficiency of Safflower and Sunflower Grown in Different Soils

Jehad Abbadi1,

1Biology Department, College of Science and Technology, Al-Quds University, Jerusalem, Palestine

Pub. Date: July 18, 2017

Cite this paper:
Jehad Abbadi. Phosphorous Use Efficiency of Safflower and Sunflower Grown in Different Soils. World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2017; 5(4):212-220. doi: 10.12691/wjar-5-4-3


The use of nutrient efficient alternative crops is a possible strategy of sustainable land use. Plant species vary in their phosphorous (P) use efficiency under suboptimal P supplies in different soils by using different strategies. Cultivating P efficient species to improve yields may be possible if P efficiency mechanisms are elucidated. Therefore P use efficiency of the alternative oil crops safflower and sunflower was studied under semi-controlled conditions in sandy and loamy soils using three P supplies. Both species responded strongly to increasing P supplies in both soils and performed better in loamy soil. In both soils, both species contained similar P concentrations in shoots at low P supplies, but safflower accumulated less P amounts in shoots than sunflower at all P levels. Sunflower had less external P requirements than safflower in both soils. Safflower had higher efficiency ratio than sunflower at low P supply in sandy soil, and less values in loamy soils. Safflower had lower utilization index than sunflower in both soils at all P levels. Safflower recovered less external P (added P, extractable-P, soil solution-P) than sunflower in both soils. The P use efficiency of crops is based on different competitive components. Neither safflower nor sunflower showed a combination of high values of all P use efficiency components in both soils at all P levels, but safflower was inferior to sunflower in most studied traits. Therefore safflower cannot be considered a low input species as compared to sunflower in terms of P uptake and utilization efficiency.

sustainable agriculture phosphorous utilization efficiency alternative crops carthamus tinctorius helianthus annuus safflower

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