World Journal of Agricultural Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-0643 ISSN (Online): 2333-0678 Website: Editor-in-chief: Rener Luciano de Souza Ferraz
Open Access
Journal Browser
World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2013, 1(6), 104-107
DOI: 10.12691/wjar-1-6-2
Open AccessArticle

Effects of Organic and Inorganic Manures on the Growth Attributes of Root-knot Nematode (Meloidogyne Incognita) Infected Ethopian Egg Plant (Solanum Aethiopicum)

S. A. Abolusoro1, , P. F. Abolusoro2, F. O. Mathew3 and N .B Izuogu4

1Department of Crop Science, College of Agriculture, Landmark University Omu-Aran, Kwara State Nigeria

2Department of Agric. Education, college of Education technical Kabba, Kogi State Nigeria

3Department of Crop Production, College of Agriculture, Ahmadu Bello University Kabba, Kogi State Nigeria

4Department of crop protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ilorin, Kwara state Nigeria

Pub. Date: October 15, 2013

Cite this paper:
S. A. Abolusoro, P. F. Abolusoro, F. O. Mathew and N .B Izuogu. Effects of Organic and Inorganic Manures on the Growth Attributes of Root-knot Nematode (Meloidogyne Incognita) Infected Ethopian Egg Plant (Solanum Aethiopicum). World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2013; 1(6):104-107. doi: 10.12691/wjar-1-6-2


Pot experiment was conducted twice with a sterilized soil to evaluate the effects of organic manures (poultry, cow dung, domestic waste) and inorganic manure (NPK 15 : 15 : 15) on the growth attributes of root-knot nematode infected Ethopian egg plant Solanum aethiopicum in a screen house at Kabba College of Agriculture, Ahmadu Bello University Kabba, Nigeria. Each of the organic manure was applied at the rate of 5t/ha and the NPK fertilizer was applied at the rate of 200kg/ha, while there was an uncreated control which acted as standard check. The experiment was designed in a completely randomized design comprising of five treatments as earlier mentioned and each treatment was replicated four times. The result of the experiment shows that all the manures were effective in suppressing nematode activities as manifested in enhanced growth observed in both organic and inorganic manure treatments compared with the control. The mean plant height, number of leaves, stem girth and number of branches in organic and inorganic manure root-knot nematode infected Ethopian egg plant was of the range 46.5 ± 3.18, 19 ± 3, 1.24 ± 6 and 6 ± 1 respectively at the twelve week of the experiment while the order of 16.83, 11.33, 0.80 and 2.67 respectively were observed in control plants. Egg plants in control treatment were heavily galled by Meloidogyne incognita resulting in poor growth while the organic and inorganic manure treated egg plant recorded better growth and were significantly different from the control. This result suggests the use of organic manure as soil amendment for the control of root-knot nematode in the endemic soil where susceptible crop are to be grown.

Ethiopian egg plant root-knot nematode organic manures growth parameters

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Gangopaday, C., Maity, T.K., and Mandal, S.K., Screening of brinjal germ plasms against fruit and shoot borers Leucinodes orbonalis. Environ and Ecol., 14, 834-836. 1996.
[2]  Oyedunmade, E.E.A., Laboratory and field toxicities of the African Marigold (Tagetes erecta) to root-knot nematode. Plant scientist, 4, 115-121, 2004.
[3]  Whitehead, A.G. and Hemming, J.R. A comparison of some quantitative methods of extracting small vermiform nematode from soil. Annals of Applied Biology, 55, 25-38. 1965.
[4]  Summers, H., Effects of organic manure on nematode control. Journal of Diseases and Pests control in Tropics, 7(2), 190-191. 2011.
[5]  Jatak. S., Use of Animal Manures for the control of Root-knot Nematode of Cowpea. Journal of Agric Environ. 1(2), 23-26. 2002.
[6]  El-Sherif A.G, Nematode and disease suppression demonstrated with Composited Municipal. Journal of crop protection, 11(7), 177-181. 2008.
[7]  Alam, M.M., Ahmed, M. and Khan, A.M., Effect of organic amendments on the growth and chemical composition of tomato, egg plant and chilli and their susceptibility to attack by Meloidogyne incognita. Plant and soil, 57, 231-236. 1989.
[8]  Ullah, M.S., Islam, M.S., Islam, M.A. and Hague, T. Effects of organic manures and chemical fertilizer on the yield of Brinjal and soil properties: Journal of Bangladesh Agriculture, 6(2), 271-276. 2008.
[9]  Dickson, K.U. and Lucas, S., Control of Root-knot nematode in organic farming system by organic Amendment and soil solarization. Crop protection for schools and colleges 3rd edition pp. 71-73. 2007.
[10]  Aktar, M. and Malik, A. Roles of organic soil amendment and soil organism in the biological control of plant parasitic Nematode. Asian Journal of Plant Science, 8(2), 153-159. 2002.
[11]  Ogunmola, J .S., Improved techniques in farm management for higher productivity .A Paper presented at a workshop organized by Manpower Development Agency for Kogi State of Nigeria for Local government functionaries 6-7th April, 1998.
[12]  Abolusoro, S.A., Nematicidal activities of some selected botanicals on a Root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) on tomato (Lycopersicon esculantum (L) Mill). Ph.D Thesis submitted to department of crop production, University of Ilorin, Nigeria. Pp. 203. 2006.
[13]  S.A.S. Institute, SAS User’s Guide, Statistics Version 6.09 Eds. SAS Institute, Cary NC, USA. 1997.
[14]  Kaskavala, G., Effects of soil solarization and organic amendment treatments for controlling Meloidogyne incognita in tomato cultivars in Western Anatolia. Turk. Agric. Journal 31, 159-167. 2007.
[15]  Pakeeralthun, K., Mikunthan, G. and Tharsshani, N. Effects of different animal manures on Meloidogyne incognita on tomato. IDOSI Publication World Journal of Agricultural Science. 5(4), 432-435.
[16]  Mohammed, A. and Alan, M. Utilitization of waste materials in nematode control. Aligarh Muslim University, India. Phyto pathology, 156, 264-267. 2003.
[17]  Duncan, D.B., Multiple range and multiple F. tests. Biometrics, 11, 1-42. 1955.