World Journal of Agricultural Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-0643 ISSN (Online): 2333-0678 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/wjar Editor-in-chief: Rener Luciano de Souza Ferraz
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World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2016, 4(5), 153-157
DOI: 10.12691/wjar-4-5-5
Open AccessArticle

Yield and Yield Components of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) as Influenced by Supplemental Irrigation under Semi-arid Region of Tunisia

Ouji A.1, 2, , El-Bok S.3, Mouelhi M.2, Ben Younes M.4 and Kharrat M.2

1Regional Research Development Office of Agriculture in Semi Arid North West of Kef, Tunisia

2Field Crop’s Laboratory, National Institute for Agricultural Research of Tunisia, Ariana, Tunisia

3Biodiversity, Climate Change and Biotechnology’s Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences of Tunis, Tunis El Manar University, Tunisia

41Regional Research Development Office of Agriculture in Semi Arid North West of Kef, Tunisia

Pub. Date: August 23, 2016

Cite this paper:
Ouji A., El-Bok S., Mouelhi M., Ben Younes M. and Kharrat M.. Yield and Yield Components of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) as Influenced by Supplemental Irrigation under Semi-arid Region of Tunisia. World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2016; 4(5):153-157. doi: 10.12691/wjar-4-5-5

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted at the research station of Higher Agriculture School of Kef located in a semi-arid region of to study the effect of supplemental irrigation on yield and yield components of four Tunisian chickpea genotypes (Béja 1, Bouchra, Neyer and Kasseb). Two supplemental irrigations were applied at the flowering and pod formation stages. Results showed a significant effect of supplemental irrigation on biological yield (BY/P), seed number per plant (SN/P), grain yield per plant (GY/P), 100-seed weight (100 SW), grain yield per m2 (GY/m2), harvest index (HI) and number of days to maturity (NDM). Grain yields under supplemental irrigation varied from 62.3 to 140.4 g/m2, and varied from 28.1 to 94.3 g/ m2 under the drought condition. The average 100-seeds weight reduction due to drought condition was 19.3 %. Results showed also that under rainfed condition, Bouchra and Nayer genotypes required minimum number of days to maturity (145.7 and 144.7 respectively). Drought susceptibility index (DSI) values for grain yield ranged from 0.67 to 1.39. Nayer was relatively drought resistant (DSI values <1). This genotypes proved high yielding and drought tolerant and can be incorporated in stress breeding programme for the development of drought tolerant chickpea varieties.

Keywords:
Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) yield yield components rainfall supplemental irrigation Semi-arid Tunisia

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