World Journal of Agricultural Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-0643 ISSN (Online): 2333-0678 Website: Editor-in-chief: Rener Luciano de Souza Ferraz
Open Access
Journal Browser
World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2016, 4(4), 98-108
DOI: 10.12691/wjar-4-4-1
Open AccessArticle

Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) Waste Powder: Its Influence on the Growth and Meat Quality of Broiler Chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus)


1Department of Agriculture, Davao Oriental State College of Science & Technology, San Isidro Campus –Philippines

Pub. Date: May 13, 2016

Cite this paper:
RUDY M. CAMAY. Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) Waste Powder: Its Influence on the Growth and Meat Quality of Broiler Chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus). World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2016; 4(4):98-108. doi: 10.12691/wjar-4-4-1


The study was composed of six levels of mushroom waste powder (0, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 grams MWP per kg of basal feed) supplemented to the basal feed of broiler chickens. The experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design in three replications to determine the effects of mushroom waste powder levels on body weight, feed consumption, feed conversion efficiency, average daily gain in weight, and meat quality of broiler chickens. Average daily gain (ADG) in weight and body weight (BW) negatively affected by MWP at the early age of broiler chickens, then slightly improved over time of feeding, but does not vary between treatments (P>0.05). Feeding broiler chickens up to 20 grams MWP significantly increased feed consumption (FC), however, a 25 grams MWP significantly decreased (P=0.01) feed consumption during 18 days period of feeding. Feed consumption efficiency (FCE) slightly improved over time but does not varies (P>0.05) with the control. Broiler meat quality varies significantly with the level of MWP in terms of texture (p=0.0017), tenderness, (p= 0.0001), taste p=0.049) and general acceptability (p=0.0018). However, within these parameters, meat quality of broilers fed with MWP at all levels generally does not vary from the control, except for T2 in terms of taste and tenderness where it is significantly lower compared to the control treatment. MWP does not compromise, in fact, slightly improved the meat quality of broiler chickens. A slight improvement of average daily gain in weight (ADG), body weight (BW), feed conversion efficiency (FCE) and meat quality; and a decrease in feed consumption (FC) with increasing levels of MWP is an indication that MWP is a potential feed additive in chickens. Another study to layer chickens and age of administration maybe done to investigate further the potential of MWP.

Feed Conversion Ratio Average daily gain Hedonic scale Mushroom Waste Powder and Pleurotus

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Miles, D. M., S. L. Branton, and B. D. Lott. 2004. Atmospheric ammonia is detrimental to the performance of modern commercial broilers. Poultry Science 83:1 650-1654.
[2]  Reyes, R. G., S. P. Kalaw, Rm R. Dulay, H. Yoshimoto, N. Miyazawa, T. Seyama, and F. Eguchi. "Philippine Native and Exotic Species of Edible Mushrooms Grown on Rice-Straw- Based Formulation Exhibit Nutraceutical Properties." PHILIPP AGRIC SCIENTIST 2013th ser. 96.2 (2013): 198-204. UPLB Journals. UPLB, June 2013. Web. 3 Dec. 2014.<
[3]  Rogers, Albert. “A Book Review: The Fungal Pharmacy: Medicinal Mushrooms of Western Canada. “ International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, 10.1 (2009): 97-100. Web.12 May 2014.
[4]  Isaacs, Tony. “Top Food Choices for Avoiding and Beating Cancer.” Weblog post. Natural News. ISAOZ, 13 May 2012. Web. 5 Nov. 2014. <>.
[5]  Soriano, Emily. “DA Puts up P8 Million Mushroom Technology Center in Tarlac to Boost Production, Substitute Mushroom Import from Taiwan Read More at Http://” usiness Diary. Mushroom Technology Center, DA, Tarlac, 8 May 2013. Web. 7 Jan. 2015. <>.
[6]  Guo, C. F., B. A. Williams, R. P. Kwakkel, H. S. Li, X. P. Li, W. K. Li, J. Y. Lou, and M. W. Verstegen. “Effects of Mushroom and Herb Polysaccharides, as Alternatives for an Antibiotic, on the Cecal Microbial Ecosystem in Broiler Chickens.” Diss. Wageningen U, 2004. Abstract. Poultry Science83.2 (2004): 175-82.
[7]  Fard, S. H., M. Toghyani, and S. A. Tabeidian. “Effect of Oyster Mushroom Wastes on Performance, Immune Responses and Intestinal Morphology of Broiler Chickens.” Int J Recycl Org Waste Agricult 2014th ser. 3 (2014): 141-46. Springer., 30 Sept. 2014. Web. 3 Nov. 2014.
[8]  Jiménez-Moreno, E., J.M. González-Alvarado, A. De Coca-Sinova, R. Lázaro, G.G. Mateos, 2009a: Effects of source of fibre on the development and pH of the gastrointestinal tract of broilers. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 154, 93-101.