World Journal of Agricultural Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-0643 ISSN (Online): 2333-0678 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/wjar Editor-in-chief: Rener Luciano de Souza Ferraz
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2015, 3(3), 94-101
DOI: 10.12691/wjar-3-3-1
Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of Permeability of Lake Mansar Waters for Irrigation Purposes

S.M. Zuber1,

1Department of Zoology, Government Degree College (Boys) Anantnag, Kashmir, J&K, India

Pub. Date: April 20, 2015

Cite this paper:
S.M. Zuber. Evaluation of Permeability of Lake Mansar Waters for Irrigation Purposes. World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2015; 3(3):94-101. doi: 10.12691/wjar-3-3-1

Abstract

Lake Mansar is a famous tourist destination in the suburbs of Jammu which is receiving on an average 5 lac tourists every year. Subsequently a number of structures like 11 Government offices, JKTDC Cafeteria, Tea Stalls, Dhabas, Grocery shops, Bathing ghats, boating points, cremation ground, wildlife park, Dak Bungalows etc have been erected in its catchment area which have exerted their deleterious effects on the ecology of the lake. The various parameters estimated for the present study revealed that conductivity values were below 250 µmhos, TDS values were less than 500mg/l, SAR values less than 10meq/l, RSC values between 1.159 meq/l to 2.379 meq/l, SSP values between 21.110meq/l to 44.877meq/l and DPI varying between 38.006 to 81.507 which indicates that the water of Lake Mansar is best suited for irrigation purposes as it belongs to Class II category as per DPI chart.

Keywords:
conductivity total dissolved solids SAR RSC SSP DPI water quality lake mansar

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Aceves, E. El ensalitramiento de los suelos bajo riego. Coliego de Postgraduados. Chapingo, Mexico. 1979.
 
[2]  APHA. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Waste Water. 14th Ed. American Public Health Association, New York. 1975.
 
[3]  Ayers, R.S. and Westcot, D.W. Water quality for agriculture. FAO irrigation and drainage paper 29 Rev. 1, FAO, Rome. 97pp. 1994.
 
[4]  Castellanos, J.Z., Ortega-Gurrero, A., Gradeja, O.A., Vazquez, A.A., Villalobas, S., Munoz-Ramos, J.J., Zamudio, B., Martuiez, J.G., Hurtado, B., Vargas, P. and Enriquez, S.A. Changes in the quality of ground water for agricultural use in Guanajuato. TERRA, 20(2): 161-170. 2002.
 
[5]  Christiansen, K.K., Anderson, F.O. and Jensen, H.S. Comparison of iron, manganese and phosphorus retention in freshwater littoral sediment with growth of Littorella uniflora and benthic microalgae. Biogeochemistry, 38: 149-171. 1997.
 
[6]  Doneen, L.D. Salinization of soils by salt in irrigation water. Trans. Amer. Geophy. Union, 35: 943-950. 1954.
 
[7]  Doneen, L.D. Water quality requirement for irrigation. Proc. National Symp. Quality Standards for National Waters. University of Michigan, Ann. Report. pp. 213-218. 1966.
 
[8]  Graham, W.B.R., Pishiria, I.W. and Ojo, O.I. Monitoring of groundwater quality for small scale irrigation: Case studies in the Southwest Skoto-Rima basin, Nigeria. Agricultural Engineering International, VIII: 1-9. 2006.
 
[9]  I.S.I. Indian Standard Methods for Sampling and Test (Physical and Chemical) for water used in Industry. Indian Standard Institute, Manak Bhavan, New Delhi. 1973
 
[10]  Kirda, C. Assessment of irrigation water quality. CIHEAM - Options Mediterraneennes, Ser. A., No. 31, pp. 367-377. 1977.
 
[11]  Krishnan, P.V. and Prasad, R. Tectonic framework of a tertiary belt of the Sub-Himalayas of Jammu. Publication Centre Advance studies Geology, Chandigarh, No. 7-19. 1970.
 
[12]  Kudesia, V.P. Water Pollution. (Principles of disinfection of drinking water and its analysis Ist Edn. K.K. Mittal, Pragati Prakashan. Meerut, India. 1980.
 
[13]  Landon, J.R. Booker Tropical Soil Manual. Longman Scientific and Technical, Booker Tate, New York. 1991.
 
[14]  Maitland, P.S. Biology of Fresh waters, Ist ed. Blackie and Son Limited, Bishopbriggs Glasgow. G642NZ. 1978.
 
[15]  NIH: Ground water quality monitoring and evaluation of Jammu and Kathua Districts, J&K. Technical Report No. CS (AR)-21/97-98. pp. 1-40. 1998.
 
[16]  Raghunath, H.M. Ground water, Second Edition. Wiley Eastern Limited Ansari Road, Darya Ganj, New Delhi – 110 002. 1987.
 
[17]  Singh, B.R. Quality of irrigation water in fadama lands of northwestern Nigeria. 2. Ground and surface waters in Kebbi State. Nigerian J. Basic Appli. Sci., 9(2): 133-148. 2000.
 
[18]  Singh, O., Rai, S.P., Kumar, V., Bhatia, K.K.S. and Choubey, V.K. Water quality and eutrophication status of some lakes of different regions in Jammu & Kashmir (India). In: Urban lakes in India: Conservation, Management and Rejuvenation (Eds. Bhatia, K.K.S. and Khobragade, S.D.), Part-I, pp. 92-100. 2005
 
[19]  Stevens, D.P., McLaughlin, M.J. and Smart, M.K. Effects of long-term irrigation with reclaimed water on soils of the Northern Adelaide Plains, South Australia. Australian Journal of Soil Research. http://WWW.highbeam.Com/library/doc3.asp/ DOCID=1G1:108721957 &num= 1&ctrlinfo=1-16. 2003.
 
[20]  Todd, D.K. Groundwater Hydrology, Second Edition. Wiley & Sons Inc., New York. 535pp. 1980.
 
[21]  U.S.S.L. Diagnosis and improvement of Saline & Alkali Soils. US Handbook No. 60, U.S. GPO, Washington D.C., USA. 1954.
 
[22]  Uvalle-Bueno, J.X., Limon, G.J.F. and Osorio, A.R. Application foliar de nitrato de potasio en algodonero nacional de la Ciencia del Suelo. La Investigacion Edafologica en Mexico 1995-1996.
 
[23]  Wetzel, R.G. Limnology: Lake and River Ecosystems. 3rd Edition. Academic Press: A Harcourt Science and Technology Company, 525B Street, Suite 1900, San Diego, California. pp.1000. 2001.
 
[24]  Wilcox, L.V. Classification and use of irrigation waters. U.S. Deptt. Agric. Circ. 969, Washington, D.C. pp. 19. 1955.