World Journal of Agricultural Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-0643 ISSN (Online): 2333-0678 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/wjar Editor-in-chief: Rener Luciano de Souza Ferraz
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World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2014, 2(6), 303-308
DOI: 10.12691/wjar-2-6-10
Open AccessArticle

Effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on Rumen Fermentation Characteristics, Nutrient Degradation and Cellulase Activity of Steers Fed Diets with Different Concentrate to Forage Ratios

Gengzhi Ding1, Ying Chang1, Zhenming Zhou1, Liping Ren1 and Qingxiang Meng1,

1State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China

Pub. Date: December 24, 2014

Cite this paper:
Gengzhi Ding, Ying Chang, Zhenming Zhou, Liping Ren and Qingxiang Meng. Effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on Rumen Fermentation Characteristics, Nutrient Degradation and Cellulase Activity of Steers Fed Diets with Different Concentrate to Forage Ratios. World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2014; 2(6):303-308. doi: 10.12691/wjar-2-6-10

Abstract

The objective of current study was to evaluate effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (SC) on rumen fermentation characteristics and fiber degradation in steers fed diets with different concentrate levels. Ten Simental × Local breed steers fitted with rumen fistulas were assigned to control and treatment groups. Steers were fed the same basal diets but the treatment groups received SC supplementation (8×109 cfu/h/d) following a 2-period crossover design. Each period was comprised of four phases. From the 1st to the 4th phase, steers were fed in a stepwise fashion with incremental levels of concentrate diets at concentrate to forage ratios (CTFR) of 30:70, 50:50, 70:30 and 90:10, respectively. MIXED procedure was used to analysis effect of SC supplementation on parameters. Linear and quadratic responses for dietary CTFR were assessed using orthogonal polynomial contrast statements. The results showed that with dietary CTFR increasing, rumen pH, acetate and isobutyrate molar proportion, acetate: propionate, degradation rate (cDM, cNDF) and effective degradability (EDDM, EDNDF) of CRH linearly decreased (L; P < 0.01); TVFA concentration, molar proportion of propionate, butyrate, valerate and isovalerate and enzyme fibrotic activities linearly increased (L; P < 0.01), but concentration of rumen ammonia N, d+l-lactate and rapidly degradable fraction (aDM, aNDF) of CRH presented quadratic variation (Q; P < 0.01). Regardless of dietary CTFR, rumen pH, cDM, cNDF, EDDM, EDNDF of CRH and enzyme fibrotic activities with SC supplementation was higher compared to control groups (P < 0.05). Overall, SC possesses the capacity to stabilize rumen pH and to enhance fiber degradation.

Keywords:
fibrolytic activity in situ rumen fermentation characteristics Saccharomyces cerevisiae steer

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