World Journal of Agricultural Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-0643 ISSN (Online): 2333-0678 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/wjar Editor-in-chief: Rener Luciano de Souza Ferraz
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2014, 2(3), 119-123
DOI: 10.12691/wjar-2-3-6
Open AccessArticle

Development of Powered Groundnut Harvester for Small and Medium Holdings in North Kordofan State in Western Sudan

Moayad B. Zaied1, Ahmed M. El Naim2, , Mohammed H. Dahab3 and Afraa S. Mahgoub4

1Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Kordofan, Elobied, Sudan

2Department of Crop Sciences, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Kordofan, Elobied, Sudan, P.O. 160.

3Department of Agric. Eng., Faculty of Agriculture, University of Khartoum, Sudan

4Ministry of Agriculture of North Kordofan State, Elobied, Sudan

Pub. Date: May 11, 2014

Cite this paper:
Moayad B. Zaied, Ahmed M. El Naim, Mohammed H. Dahab and Afraa S. Mahgoub. Development of Powered Groundnut Harvester for Small and Medium Holdings in North Kordofan State in Western Sudan. World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2014; 2(3):119-123. doi: 10.12691/wjar-2-3-6

Abstract

A Powered groundnut harvesting machine was designed and fabricated. The optimum machine diggers were selected using computer simulation method in ANSYS 11 program. The machine was tested in sandy and clayey sand soil. It was found that the effective time and total time recorded by the machine in sandy soil were lower than in clayey sand soil by 0.050 hr. Fuel consumption rate in sandy soil was lower than that in clayey sand soil by 0.7 L / ha. Machine field speed in sandy soil was higher than speed in clayey sand soil by 0.69 km / hr, it was also found that the values of machine theoretical field capacity, effective field capacity in sandy soil were higher than the values in clayey sand soil by 0.061 ha / h and 0.048 ha / h respectively while field efficiency in clayey sand soil was higher than that in sandy soil by 1.2 %. The differences were significant at 0.05 level and it can be concluded that the machine is efficient in harvesting the groundnut crop particularly in clayey sand soil. Hydraulic system and gear box were needed to enhance maneuverability and to control the digging speed of the machine.

Keywords:
groundnut harvester digger simulation root crops harvesting

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Mahmoud, A. M. Mohamed, O. K. Mohamed, A. K. Abdel Moneim, B. E. Hassan, A. M. El Tahir, I.M. “Crops of Sudan”. Country Report” FAO International Technical Conference on Plant Genetic Resources. Khartoum, March 1995 p: 1-83, 1995.
 
[2]  Mizrach, A. Margolin, A., Feller, R. and Alper, Y. Peanut salvage machine for sandy loam and clay soils. Trans. ASAE, 26 (2): 389-391, 1983
 
[3]  Ahmed, D. and Shamsudeen, V.G. “Development of a prototype tractor-operated groundnut digger” lifte. Peratanika, 10 (2): 219-223, 1987
 
[4]  Amin, E. “Mechanization for potato production on small farms”. Ph.D.Thesis, Agric. Eng. Dept Fac. of Agric., Mansoura Univ, 1990.
 
[5]  Magdy, M.A. A. “Mechanization of potato harvesting”. Ph.D Agric. Eng. Al-Azhar Uni., 1991.
 
[6]  Kang, W.S., Halderson, J.L. “A vibratory two-row potato Digger” Applied Engineering in agriculture. 7 (6): 683-687 1991.
 
[7]  Ademilyi, Y.S. James, D., Ozumba, I. C, Olowonibi, M. M. “Performance evaluation of a Tractor Drawn Groundnut Digger/Shaker”. NCAM Research Publication, P: 115 - 122, 2004.
 
[8]  Kad, V.P., Nikam, S.P, Salve, V.A. “Performance evaluation of power tiller drawn groundnut digger”. International journal of Agricultural Engineering, 1 (2):107-109, 2008.
 
[9]  Ibrahim, M. M., Amin, E., Farag, A. “Developing a Multi Purpose Digger for Harvesting Root Crops”. Misr J. Ag. Eng., 25 (4): 1225-1239, 2008.
 
[10]  Munde, P.A Nadre, R.G., Sawant, B.P. “Performance evaluation of bullock drawn groundnut digger suitable for MAU multi purpose tool carrier”. International journal of Agricultural Engineering, 2 (1): 157-159, 2009.
 
[11]  Zhengzhou, G. “Peanut harvester, Peanut groundnut harvester”. P: 1-10. Machinery CO. LTD, 2010.
 
[12]  Gary, R. “Improving Harvesting Effectiveness for Peanut Diggers”. North Carolina State University, Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering. Report, p: 1-2, 2011.