World Journal of Agricultural Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-0643 ISSN (Online): 2333-0678 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/wjar Editor-in-chief: Rener Luciano de Souza Ferraz
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2014, 2(2), 56-62
DOI: 10.12691/wjar-2-2-5
Open AccessArticle

Selection for Drought Tolerance in Wheat Population (Triticum aestivum L.) by Independent Culling Levels

A.A.S. Ahmed1, , M.A. El-Morshidy2, K.A. Kheiralla2, R. Uptmoor3, M.A. Ali4 and Naheif E.M. Mohamed1

1Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Sohag University, Egypt

2Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Assiut University, Egypt

3Institute of Biological Production Systems, Hannover University, Germany

4Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, South Valley University, Egypt

Pub. Date: March 23, 2014

Cite this paper:
A.A.S. Ahmed, M.A. El-Morshidy, K.A. Kheiralla, R. Uptmoor, M.A. Ali and Naheif E.M. Mohamed. Selection for Drought Tolerance in Wheat Population (Triticum aestivum L.) by Independent Culling Levels. World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2014; 2(2):56-62. doi: 10.12691/wjar-2-2-5

Abstract

Field experiments were carried out at Faculty of Agriculture, Sohag University, Egypt to estimate observed and expected response to selection and genetic parameters after two cycles of phenotypic selection in F2 population. Highly significant differences among F3 and F4 families under normal and drought stress conditions for no. of spikes/plant (NS), 100-Seed weight (SW), plant height (PH), days to heading (DH) and grain yield/plant (GY) were observed. Direct response to selection for NS, SW and PH were positive and highly significant with values of 15.16, 26.34 and 6.18 %, respectively compared with check cultivar ( 1) in F4 generation under normal conditions. Meanwhile, under drought conditions, they were 14.39, 20.35 and 6.35%, respectively. Correlated response to selection was significant and positive for GY compared with check cultivar under two conditions. While, it was very significant and negative for HD under normal and drought stress. Expected response to selection for NS, SW and PH were (1.45 and 1.62 spikes/plant), (0.37 and 0.23 gm) and (6.21 and 5.90 cm), respectively in F4 under normal and water stress conditions, respectively. High broad sense heritability values for NS, SW and PH was obtained under normal and drought stress in F3 and F4 generations. Narrow sense heritability in F4 were (48.24 and 55.31%), (53.34 and 43.43%) and (52.12 and 48.73%) for NS, SW and PH, respectively, under normal and drought stress, respectively. Positive and significant correlation between three characters (no. of spikes/pant, 100 kernel weight and plant height) and grain yield/plant under normal and drought stress conditions. Thus, direct selection of these characters should be of major concern for increased grain yield under two conditions. Drought susceptibility index (DSI) showed that four families were superior for drought tolerance and had high grain yield under drought stress in F4 generations. These genotypes could be used as source of drought tolerance/or factors contributing to general adaptation.

Keywords:
selection ICL direct response DSI wheat

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Aliakbari, M., A. Saed-Moucheshi, H. Hasheminasab, H. Pirasteh-Anosheh, M. T. Asad and Y. Emam, 2013.Suitable Stress Indices for Screening Resistant Wheat Genotypes under Water Deficit Conditions. International journal of Agronomy and Plant Production. Vol., 4 (10): 2665-2672.
 
[2]  Amin, M.R., N.C.D. Barma and M. A. Razzaque. 1992. Variability, heritability, genetic advance and correlation study in some quantitative characters in durum wheat. Rachis, 11(1/2): 30-32.
 
[3]  Attia, I.A. 2003. Selection for drought tolerance in wheat. Ph.D. Thesis, El-Minia Univ., Egypt.
 
[4]  Berry, P.M., R. Sylvester-Bradley, 2007. Ideotype design for lodging-resistant wheat. Euphytica, 154: 165-179.
 
[5]  Clarke, J.M., T. F. Townley-Smith, T.N. McCaig and D. G. Green. 1984. Growth analysis of spring wheat cultivars of varying drought resistance. Crop Sci., 24:537-541.
 
[6]  Donmez, E.R., R.G. Sears, J.P. Shroyer and G.M. Paulsen. 2001. Genetic gain in yield attributes of winter wheat in the great plains. Crop Sci., 41:1412-1419.
 
[7]  Ehdaie, B., and J.G. Waines, 1989. Genetic variation, heritability, and path-analysis in landraces of bread wheat from South Western Iran. Euphytica, 41:183-190.
 
[8]  El-Rawi, K. and A.M. Khalafalla. 1980. Design and analysis of agricultural experiments, El Mousel Univ., Iraq, 19.
 
[9]  Ergen, N. Z. and H. Budak, 2009. Sequencing over 13 000 expressed sequence tags from six subtractive cDNA libraries of wild and modern wheat’s following slow drought stress. Plant, Cell & Environment, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 220-236. View at Publisher • View at Google Scholar • View at Scopus.
 
[10]  Falconer, D.S. 1989. Introduction to quantitative genetics. 2rd ed John wiley and Sons, New York.
 
[11]  Farooq, S., 2009. “Triticeae: the ultimate source of abiotic stress tolerance improvement in wheat,” in SalInity and Water Stress, M. Ashraf, Ed., chapter 7, pp. 65-71, Springer, Berlin, Germany.
 
[12]  Farshadfar, E., M. Ghandha, M. Zahravi and J. Sutka, 2001. Generation mean analysis of drought tolerance in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Acta Agron. Hung, 49: 59-66.
 
[13]  Fischer, R. A. and R. Maurer. 1978. Drought resistance in spring wheat cultivars. I. Grain yield response. Aust. J. Agric. Res., 29: 897-912.
 
[14]  Fleury, D., S. Jefferies, H. Kuchel, and P. Langridge, 2010. Genetic and genomic tools to improve drought tolerance in wheat. Journal of Experimental Botany, vol. 61, no. 12, pp. 3211-3222. View at Publisher • View at Google Scholar • View at Scopus.
 
[15]  Golabadi, M., A.Arzani and S.A.M. Mirmohammadi Maibody, 2006. ssessment of Drought Tolerance in Segregating Populationsin Durum Wheat. African J.of Agricultural Research Vol.1(5): 162-171.
 
[16]  Hallauer, A.R. and Miranda, J.B. 1981. Quantitative Genetics in Maize Breeding. Iowa State Univ. Press, Ames, Iowa. 468pp.
 
[17]  Keller, M., CH. Karutz, J.E. Schmid, P. Stamp, M. Winzeler, B. Kller and M.M. Messmer, 1999. Quantitive trait loci for lodging resistance in a segregation wheat x spelt population. Theor Appl. Genet., 98: 1171-1182.
 
[18]  Kheiralla, K.A. 1993. Selection response for grain yield and its components in a segregating population of spring wheat. Assiut. J. of Agric. Sci. 24: 87-98.
 
[19]  Mahdy, E.E., K.A. Kheiralla and R.A. Dawood. 1988. Stability analysis of resistance to water-Loss of excised leaf as an indicator of drought resistance in spring wheat. Assiut J. of Agric. Sci., 19 (4): 67-78.
 
[20]  Mather, K. and J. L. Jinks. 1977. Introduction to biometrical genetics. Chapman and Hall, Londan.
 
[21]  Menshawy, A.M.M. 2007. Evaluation of some early bread wheat genotypes under different sowing dates: 2. Agronomic characters. Egypt J. Plant Breed., 11(1): 41-55.
 
[22]  Najafian G, Jafarnejad A, Ghandi A, Nikooseresht R, 2011. Adaptive traits related to terminal drought tolerance in hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivumL.) genotypes under field conditions. Crop Breeding J. 1: 55-71.
 
[23]  Nanda, G.S., A.B. Afzali and G. Singh. 1990. Genetic analysis of the role of intermitting in an inter varietal cross of breed wheat. Indian J. Genet., 50: 210-215.
 
[24]  Reynolds, M. P., 2006. “Drought adaptation in wheat,” in Drought Tolerance in Cereals. J. M. Ribaut, Ed., chapter 11, pp. 402-436, Haworth’s Food Products Press, New York, NY, USA.
 
[25]  Saadalla, M.M. 1994. Response to early generation selection for yield and yield components in wheat. Egypt. J. Appl. Sci., 9 (7): 19-30.
 
[26]  Shamroukh, M. 2006. Breeding for drought tolerance in bread wheat under new land condition in Upper Egypt. Ph.D. Thesis, Minia Univ. Egypt.
 
[27]  Smith, J.D. and M.L. Kinman. 1965. The use of parent-offspring regression as estimation of heritability. Crop Sci., 5(6): 595-596.
 
[28]  Snedecor, G.W. and W.G. Cochran. 1980. Statistical methods.7th ed.Lowa State Unv. Press., Ames., Lowa, U.S.A.
 
[29]  Talebi R, Fayaz F, Naji AM, 2009. Effective selection criteria for assessing drought stress tolerance in durum wheat (Triticum durum DESF). General Appl Plant Physiol. 35: 64-74.
 
[30]  Tammam, A.M., M.S.F. El-Ashmoony, A.A. El-Sherbeny and I.A. Amin. 2004a. Selection responses for drought tolerance in two bread wheat crosses. Egypt. J. Agric. Res., 82 (3): 1213-1226.
 
[31]  Tammam, A.M., M.S.F. El-Ashmoony, A.A. El-Sherbeny and I.A. Amin. 2004b. Breeding for drought tolerance and the association of grain yield and other traits of bread wheat. Egypt. J. Agric. Res., 82 (3): 1227-1241.
 
[32]  Walker, T.T. 1960. The use of a selection index technique in the analysis of progeny row data. Emp. Cott. Gr. Rev., 37: 81-107.
 
[33]  Wiersma, D. W., E. S. Oplinger and S. O. Guy, 1986. Environment and cultivar effects on winter wheat response to ethephon plant growth regulator. Agronomy Journal Vol. 78(5): 761-764.
 
[34]  O’Brien, L., R.J. Baker and L.E. Evans, 1978. Response to selection for yield in F3 of four wheat crosses. Crop Sci., 18: 1029-1033.
 
[35]  Wells, W.C. and K.D. Kofoid, 1986. Selection indces to improve an intermating population of spring wheat. Crop Sci., 26: 1104-1109.
 
[36]  Smith, E.L., 1976. The genetics of wheat architecture. Ann. Oklahoma Acad. Sci., 6: 117-132.