World Journal of Agricultural Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-0643 ISSN (Online): 2333-0678 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/wjar Editor-in-chief: Rener Luciano de Souza Ferraz
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World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2021, 9(2), 65-72
DOI: 10.12691/wjar-9-2-4
Open AccessArticle

Towards Management of South Kivu Ferralsols by the Contribution of Different Types of Fertilizers: Their Influence on the Biofortified Climbing Bean Behaviour

Safina Bora Francine1, 2, , Chuma Basimine Géant1, 2, Adrien Byamungu Ndeko1, Cishesa Thierry3, Antoine Lubobo Kanyege4 and Mushagalusa Nachigera Gustave1

1Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Université Evangélique en Afrique, UEA/Bukavu: 3323/Bukavu and 465/Cyangugu-Rwanda

2Laborytory of Geographic Information Systems, Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Université Evangélique en Afrique

3Animal Production Department, Institut Supérieur des Etudes Agronomiques et Vétérinaires (ISEAV-Walungu)

4CIAT/HarvestPlus, Kalambo-Station, South-Kivu, RD Congo

Pub. Date: May 14, 2021

Cite this paper:
Safina Bora Francine, Chuma Basimine Géant, Adrien Byamungu Ndeko, Cishesa Thierry, Antoine Lubobo Kanyege and Mushagalusa Nachigera Gustave. Towards Management of South Kivu Ferralsols by the Contribution of Different Types of Fertilizers: Their Influence on the Biofortified Climbing Bean Behaviour. World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2021; 9(2):65-72. doi: 10.12691/wjar-9-2-4

Abstract

For many tropical and subtropical countries, poor soil fertility management is still a major problem in agricultural production and requires sustained attention. This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of the combination of fertilizer types on the improvement of ferralsol properties and on biofortified climbing bean yield in South Kivu. The experimental field was conducted by using a CRB plot with three replications. Ten treatments were followed consisted of a control, mineral fertilizer NPK (150 kgha-1), farmyard manure (30 tha-1), liming (1.3 tha-1), fresh biomass of Tithonia diversifolia (30 tha-1), and their combinations. The results obtained show significant differences between the treatments and their ability to improve the chemical properties (acidity, OM, N, and K) of the ferralsol during the two cropping seasons. This improvement has led to improvements significantly in the growth, yield, and profitability of climbing beans. The combination of farm manure and NPK (2.6 tha-1); liming-NPK and straw biomass of Tithonia sp. presented the same yield performance. With a profit margin of 900 and 850 USDha-1, Tithonia sp. could replace expensive mineral fertilizers. This study shows that liming coupled with low rates of fertilizer or Tithonia sp. on ferralsol in eastern RD Congo conditions and have the potential for improving the availability of soil nutrients and providing the quantities required nutrients needed for growing biofortified climbing beans and thus reduce malnutrition in the region subsequently fight against Fe and Zn micronutrient deficiency.

Keywords:
biofortification ferralsols fertilizers bean yield and South Kivu

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