World Journal of Agricultural Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-0643 ISSN (Online): 2333-0678 Website: Editor-in-chief: Rener Luciano de Souza Ferraz
Open Access
Journal Browser
World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2020, 8(1), 12-15
DOI: 10.12691/wjar-8-1-3
Open AccessArticle

Life Table and Demographic Parameters of the Lesser Wax Moth, Achroia grisella, Reared on Natural Honey Bee Wax

Montasir O. Mahgoub1, Wei H. Lau2, Dzolkhifli Bin Omar2 and Ahmed M. El Naim3,

1Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, University of Kordofan, Elobied, Sudan

2Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

3Department of Crop Sciences, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, University of Kordofan, Elobied, Sudan

Pub. Date: March 23, 2020

Cite this paper:
Montasir O. Mahgoub, Wei H. Lau, Dzolkhifli Bin Omar and Ahmed M. El Naim. Life Table and Demographic Parameters of the Lesser Wax Moth, Achroia grisella, Reared on Natural Honey Bee Wax. World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2020; 8(1):12-15. doi: 10.12691/wjar-8-1-3


Life table is one of the useful procedures to understand the population dynamic of a specie. The population growth of the insect can be studied by using the demographic studies of insect species and summarize the data collected from the population as well as understanding the dynamics. This study was carried out to track the demographic processes, such as birth, death, and fecundity, as these affect the size and composition of the population of A. grisella in laboratory conditions. In addition, a life table on honey bee wax is constructed to estimate the rate of population growth and survival of this pest. A stock culture was started by 30 pairs of adult moths to lay eggs. The newly hatched larvae were raised on sanitized combs, and the culture was placed and allowed to reproduce at a room temperature of 31±1°C and 66.28±3% RH with 12L: 12D photoperiod in a closed aquarium tank (9.2×16×9.2 cm). The aquarium was covered with muslin cloth for good aeration in the laboratory. The results show that, the net reproductive rate (Ro) was 29.81 females per female cohort per day. This indicates that within two months (Ro > 1), the population will increase and multiply by this value in the next generation. The infinite rate of natural increase (λ) value was 2.55 female per female per day. This study shows that the estimated intrinsic rate of increase equals to the positive value of 0.94 females per female per day, which indicates that the population of A. grisella will increase under laboratory conditions and could be successfully cultured in mass production.

population dynamic intrinsic rate net reproductive rate

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Arthur, C. B., and Matt, R. W. (2011). Life table vs secondary production analyses—relationships and usage in ecology. Journal of the North American Benthological Society,, 30(4), 1024-1032.
[2]  Henderson, P. A. (2003). Practical Methods In Ecology. Wiley-Blackwell.172pp.
[3]  Fouly, A.H., M.A. Al-Deghairi and N.F. Abdel Baky, 2011. Biological aspects and life table of Typhodromips swirskii (Aeari: Phytoseiidae) fed Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyroididae). Journal of Entomology, (8)52-62.
[4]  Abdel-Salam, A. H. (2000). Biological and life table studies of Harmonia axyridis Pall.(Coloeptera: Coccinellidae) reared on the factitious prey, Sitotroga cerealrlla olivi (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Park Journal of Bioscience, (3) 580-585.
[5]  Seeley, T. D. (2009). The Wisdom Of The Hive: The Social Physiology of Honey Bee Colonies. Harvard University Press. pp.318.
[6]  Chandel, Y. S.,Sanjeev, S.,and Verma, K. S. (2003). Comparative biology of the greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella L., and lesser wax moth, Achroia grisella F. Journal of Pest Management and Economic Zoology, 11(1), 69-74.
[7]  Chhuneja, P. K.,andSunita, Y. (2009). Evaluation of bait traps for the management of wax moths in Apis mellifera apiaries. Journal of Insect Environment, 15(2), 63-66.
[8]  Cepeda, O. I., Imperatriz, V. L.,and Velthuis, H. (2002). Lesser wax moth Achroia grisella: first report for stingless bees and new capture method. Journal of Apicultural Research, 41(3/4), 107-108.
[9]  Mathew, G., and Seethalakshmi, K. K. (1998). A new report of Achroia grisella Fb. (Lepidoptera: Galleriidae) as a seed pest of bamboo reed (Ochlandra ebracteata Raizada and Chatterjee). Entomon Journal, 23(3), 239-240.
[10]  Strauss, K.,and Reinhold, K. (2010). Scaling of metabolic rate in the lesser wax moth Achroia grisella does not fit the 3/4-power law and shows significant sex differences. Journal of Physiological Entomology, 35(1), 59-63.
[11]  Carey, J. R. (1993). Applied Demography for Biologists with Special Emphasis on Insects. Oxford University Press, Inc. 206 pp.
[12]  Southwood, T. R. E. (1978). Ecological Methods with Particular Reference to the Study of Insect Population. 2nd edition ed. Chapman and Hall, London.pp. 524.
[13]  Alasady, M. A. A., Omar, D. B., Ibrahim, Y. B.,and Ibrahim, R. B. (2010). Life table of the green lacewing apertochrysa sp.(Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) reared on rice moth Corcyra cephalonica (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 12 (2), 266–270.
[14]  Begon, M., Harper, J.,and Towsend, C. (1999). Ecology: Individuals, Populations and Communities, Blackwell Science, London. pp.1068.
[15]  Pearl, R. (1928). The Rate Of Living Being An Account of Some Experimental Studies on The Biology of Life Duration. AA Knopf New York.pp. 185.
[16]  Speight, M. R., Hunter, M. D., and Watt, A. D. (1999). Ecology of Insects: concepts and Applications. Blackwell Science Ltd. pp.350.