World Journal of Analytical Chemistry
ISSN (Print): 2333-1178 ISSN (Online): 2333-1283 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/wjac Editor-in-chief: Raluca-Ioana Stefan-van Staden
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World Journal of Analytical Chemistry. 2014, 2(2), 31-41
DOI: 10.12691/wjac-2-2-3
Open AccessArticle

Solid Phase Extraction, Preconcentration and Sequential Separation of U(VI), Th(IV), La(III) and Ce(III) by Octa-O-methoxy resorcin[4]arene based Amberlite XAD-4 Chelating Resin

Keyur D. Bhatt1, , Disha J. Vyas2, Hrishikesh S. Gupte2, Bharat A. Makwana2, Savan M. Darjee2 and Vinod K Jain2

1Department of Chemistry, B.V. Shah Science College, C.U. Shah University, Wadhwan-City, India

2Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences, Gujarat University, Ahmedabad, India

Pub. Date: November 05, 2014

Cite this paper:
Keyur D. Bhatt, Disha J. Vyas, Hrishikesh S. Gupte, Bharat A. Makwana, Savan M. Darjee and Vinod K Jain. Solid Phase Extraction, Preconcentration and Sequential Separation of U(VI), Th(IV), La(III) and Ce(III) by Octa-O-methoxy resorcin[4]arene based Amberlite XAD-4 Chelating Resin. World Journal of Analytical Chemistry. 2014; 2(2):31-41. doi: 10.12691/wjac-2-2-3

Abstract

Amberlite XAD-4 was covalently linked with octa-O-methoxy resorcin[4]arene through - N=N- to form chelating resin, which has been duly characterized and successfully used for separation and preconcentration of rare-earth metal ions like U(VI), Th(IV), La(III) and Ce(III). Various physiochemical parameters like pH, flow rate, sorption capacity, breakthrough studies, distribution coefficient, preconcentration factor, concentration of eluting agents responsible for quantitative extraction of metal ions were optimized. The resin possessed good binding affinity towards U(VI), Th(IV), La(III) and Ce(III) under selective pH conditions and were quantitatively eluted with suitable eluants like HCl and HNO3. Amount of metal ions was determined by spectrophotometry or inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry. Fast exchange kinetics and good breakthrough capacity of the resin lead to effective separation of metal ions from their binary and ternary mixture by column method on the basis of pH and eluting agents. The resin could be reused for 8-10 cycles with recoveries of analytes higher than 98%. Proposed method having analytical data with the relative standard deviation (RSD) < 2%, reflect upon the reproducibility and reliability of the method which has been effectively used for separation and determination of U(VI), Th(IV), La(III) and Ce(III) ions from monazite sand and standard reference materials.

Keywords:
solid phase extraction Amberlite XAD-4 Separation Octa-O-methoxy resorcin[4]arene

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