World Journal of Analytical Chemistry
ISSN (Print): 2333-1178 ISSN (Online): 2333-1283 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/wjac Editor-in-chief: Raluca-Ioana Stefan-van Staden
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
World Journal of Analytical Chemistry. 2014, 2(1), 1-5
DOI: 10.12691/wjac-2-1-1
Open AccessArticle

Assessment of Contamination Pattern of Municipal Solid Waste Dumpsites on Arid Soil: A Comparative Study of Maiduguri Metropolis

E. W. Mshelia1, , I. Y. Chindo1, E. O. Ekanem1 and D. B. Sanda1

1Department of Chemistry, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria

Pub. Date: January 20, 2014

Cite this paper:
E. W. Mshelia, I. Y. Chindo, E. O. Ekanem and D. B. Sanda. Assessment of Contamination Pattern of Municipal Solid Waste Dumpsites on Arid Soil: A Comparative Study of Maiduguri Metropolis. World Journal of Analytical Chemistry. 2014; 2(1):1-5. doi: 10.12691/wjac-2-1-1

Abstract

Soil sample assessment was conducted on five dumpsites located within Maiduguri Metropolis, Nigeria. These includes; Bulunkutu (BLKT), Railway (RLWY), State Low-cost (STLC), Infectious Disease Hospital (IDH) and Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) depot. Soil samples were collected at each site while the controls were collected 10 m away from each site. Heavy metals were analyzed using AAS Perkin Elmer Model. These include; Cobalt, Arsenic, Cadmium, Chromium, Copper, Iron, Manganese, Nickel, Lead and Zinc. Physicochemical parameters such as pH, Electrical conductivity (EC) and Temperature were also determined. The mean value and Standard Deviation (SD) of the results were calculated. Most of the dumpsite soils were found to be slightly alkaline with pH range of 8.09 ± 0.04 – 8.32 ± 0.03 recorded for IDH and Bulunkutu. Pearson correlation results showed strong and significant relationship between concentrations of some heavy metals and physicochemical parameters at α=0.05 levels. Bulunkutu soil sample pH correlates strongly and significantly with the concentrations of Cd and Cu respectively. Geoaccumulation index showed moderate to strong levels of contamination, Railway and NNPC Depot dumpsites showed no trace of contamination while Bulunkutu dumpsite indicated strong Co and P contamination.

Keywords:
Maiduguri Bulunkutu NNPC depot pearson correlation physicochemical parameters

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Leton, T.G., Omotosho, O. (2004). Landfill Operations in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. Engineering Geology 73(1-2): 171-177
 
[2]  Onibokun, A. G., & Kumuyi, A. J. (1996). Urban Poverty in Nigeria: Towards Sustainable Strategies for its Alleviation. Centre for African Settlement Studies and Development, Ibadan, Nigeria. CASSAD Monograph Series 10. 1-2.
 
[3]  Geoffrey, I.N. (2005). The Urban Informal Sector in Nigeria: Towards Economic Development, Environmental Health, and Social Harmony. Global Urban Development Magazine 1(1).
 
[4]  Adewumi, I. K., Ogedengbe, M. O., Adepetu, J. A., & Fabiyi, V. L. (2005). Planning Organic Fertilizer Industries for Municipal Solid Wastes Management. Journal of Applied Sciences Research 1(3): 285-291.
 
[5]  Ukem, E. O. (2008). Electronic waste: a Growing Challenge in Nigeria. Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences 14(4): 459-462.
 
[6]  Eddy, N. O., Odoemelan, S. A., & Mbaba, A. (2006). Elemental Composition of Soil in Some Dumpsites. Electron J. Environ. Agric. Food 5 (3). ISSN: 1579-4377.