Social and Economic Geography
ISSN (Print): 2381-3199 ISSN (Online): 2381-3202 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/seg Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Social and Economic Geography. 2020, 5(1), 7-14
DOI: 10.12691/seg-5-1-2
Open AccessReview Article

Trends, Opportunities and Challenges of the Tourism Industry in the Republic of Guinea

Babady Diakite1, Ma Bao Jian1, , Mukete Beckline2, Lilian Duyile3, Kang Kerian4 and Bakia Samuel5

1School of Landscape Architecture, Beijing Forestry University, Qinghua East Road, Haidian District, Beijing, China

2School of Forestry, Beijing Forestry University, Qinghua East Road, Haidian District, Beijing, China

3Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Bülowsvej, Copenhagen, Denmark

4Institute of Health Sciences and Wellbeing, University of Sunderland, Chester Road, Sunderland, United Kingdom

5Faculty of Sciences and Bioengineering Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Brussels, Boulevard de la Plaine, Ixelles, Belgium

Pub. Date: April 27, 2020

Cite this paper:
Babady Diakite, Ma Bao Jian, Mukete Beckline, Lilian Duyile, Kang Kerian and Bakia Samuel. Trends, Opportunities and Challenges of the Tourism Industry in the Republic of Guinea. Social and Economic Geography. 2020; 5(1):7-14. doi: 10.12691/seg-5-1-2

Abstract

This paper examines the trends, opportunities offered and challenges faced by the tourism industry in the Republic of Guinea. The paper examines Guinea as a tourist destination, it identifies the main tourist destinations, and how these if harnessed may impact local as well as national growth and development. To achieve this goal, a comprehensive review of published literature was performed using Web of Science, Semantic Scholar, Researchgate and Google Scholar. It was found that, although the tourism industry is still in its infancy, underexploited and recovering from shocks such as the Ebola and conflicts in the Sahel region, the sector is a source of employment for individuals. The tourism industry is also a major source of financial returns for the state having generated over 416 million US$ in 2018. This study concluded that, the tourism industry’s contribution to the nation’s economic growth and infrastructural development can be attained if appropriate management strategies are properly and judiciously implemented. This is because economic growth and infrastructural development do not only increase state income through taxes but also serve as a means for the rural and urban poor to escape the poverty trap.

Keywords:
tourism industry economic growth guinea poverty alleviation

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Khan, M (1997). Tourism Development and Dependency Theory: Mass Tourism vs. Ecotourism. Annals of Tourism Research 24(4): 988-991.
 
[2]  Blackall, M (2019). Global tourism hits record highs - but who goes where on holiday? Available at https://www.theguardian.com/news/2019/jul/01/global-tourism- hits-record-highs-but-who-goes-where-on-holiday. Retrieved 15th March, 2020.
 
[3]  Bunghez, L (2016). The Importance of Tourism to a Destination's Economy. The Importance of Tourism to a Destination's Economy. Journal of Eastern Europe Research in Business & Economics 2016: 143495.
 
[4]  Nermin, K (2018). A Strategic Approach to Sustainable Tourism Development Using the A’WOT Hybrid Method: A Case Study of Zonguldak, Turkey. Sustainability 2019, 11: 964.
 
[5]  CIA (2020). Central Intelligence Agency, Central America: The British Virgin Islands. The World Factbook. Available at https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/vi.html. Retrieved 14th March, 2020.
 
[6]  Encyclopedia Britannica (2020). British Virgin Islands, Caribbean Sea. Available at https://www.britannica.com/place/British-Virgin-Islands. Retrieved 14th March, 2020.
 
[7]  Orovic, J (2018). Has Croatia Crossed from Tourism Dependency to Tourism Addiction? Available at https://www.total-croatia-news.com/lifestyle/29064-has-croatia-crossed-from-tourism-dependency-to-tourism-addiction. Retrieved 11th September, 2019.
 
[8]  African Business Magazine (2019). Across Africa tourism is booming. Available at https://africanbusinessmagazine.com/sectors/tourism/across-africa-tourism-is-booming/. Retrieved 15th March, 2020.
 
[9]  World Bank (2013). Tourism in Africa: Harnessing Tourism for Growth and Improved Livelihoods. Available at https://www.worldbank.org/content/dam/Worldbank/document/Af rica/Report/africa-tourism-report-2013-overview.pdf. Retrieved 20th June, 2019.
 
[10]  Signé, L (2019). Africa’s tourism: A global destination for investment and entrepreneurship. Available at https://www.brookings.edu/blog/africa-in-focus/2019/03/05/africas-tourism-a-global-destination-for- investment-and-entrepreneurship/. Retrieved 30th June, 2019.
 
[11]  Otieno, V (2018). Tourism in Africa information: Facts, Statistics, Tourism in Africa by Country 2018. TINA Magazine. Available at https://tinamagazine.com/2018/07/tourism-in-africa-facts.html. Retrieved 11th September, 2019.
 
[12]  Signé, L (2018). Africa’s tourism potential Trends, drivers, opportunities, and strategies. Available at https://www.brookings.edu/research/africas-tourism-potential/. Retrieved 30th June, 2019.
 
[13]  Mukete, B., Sun, Y., Etongo, D., Sajjad, S., Ngoe, M and Tamungang, R (2018a). Cameroon must focus on SDGs in its economic development plans. Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development 60 (2): 25-32.
 
[14]  WTTC (2013). World Travel and Tourism Council. Travel & Tourism Economic Impact 2013 Sub Saharan Africa. WTTC London, United Kingdom.
 
[15]  Modern Ghana (2016). The Challenges Facing the Growth of Tourism in Africa. Available at https://www.modernghana.com/news/732774/the-challenges- facing-the-growth-of-tourism-in.html. Retrieved 18th March, 2019.
 
[16]  Novelli, M., Burgess, L., Jones., A and Ritchie, B (2018). No Ebola…still doomed’ – The Ebola-induced tourism crisis. Annals of Tourism Research 70 (2018): 76-87。
 
[17]  Grover, A and Dihel, N (2016). The unexplored potential of trade in services in Africa: from hair stylists and teachers to accountants and doctors. Available at http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/477321469182630728 /The-unexplored-potential-of-trade-in-services-in-Africa-from- hair-stylists-and-teachers-to-accountants-and-doctors. Retrieved 27th March, 2019.
 
[18]  Diallo, K (2010). Tourisme et développement local au Fouta-Djalon. Thèse de doctorat. Département de Géographie, Aménagement et Environnement. Universite de Toulouse-Jean Jaurès, France.
 
[19]  O’Toole, T (2020). Guinea. Encyclopedia Britannica. Available at https://www.britannica.com/place/Guinea. Retrieved 17th September, 2019.
 
[20]  Kamara, K (2019). Guinea trying to attract more tourists. http://www.rfi.fr/en/20190225-reportage-guinea-tourism-bring-more-tourists-post-ebola. Retrieved 4th March, 2020.
 
[21]  Theodora Maps (2020). Maps of Guinea. Available at https://geographic.org/maps/new2/guinea_maps.html. Retrieved 7th October, 2019.
 
[22]  WTO (2019). World Tourism Organization. A compendium of tourist statistics database. Available at https://www.e-unwto.org/doi/pdf/10.5555/unwtotfb0324010020142018201912. Retrieved 20th December, 2019.
 
[23]  World Bank (2018). International tourism, number of departures, Guinea. Available at https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/ST.INT.DPRT. Retrieved 11th September, 2019.
 
[24]  Diekmann A and Barry, T (2014). Guinea, tourism. In: Jafari J., Xiao H. (eds) Encyclopedia of Tourism. Springer, Cham.
 
[25]  Republic of Guinea (2017). Hospitality and Tourism. Available at https://www.invest.gov.gn/page/tourism. Retrieved 11th March, 2019.
 
[26]  Diallo, A., Yin, H and Mukete, B (2017). Assessing the Socioeconomic Impacts of the Informal Sector in Guinea, West Africa. Open Access Library Journal, 4: e3290.
 
[27]  World Bank (2019). Overview of the World Bank in Guinea. Available at https://www.worldbank.org/en/country/guinea/overview. Retrieved 30th December, 2019.
 
[28]  Pascal, J and Gavin, H (2008). Historical Dictionary of Mali. Scarecrow Press America. Page 231
 
[29]  Zareba, D (2017). Women and Ecotourism: the Role of Women Leaders in Supporting Development of Ecotourism in Rural Areas of Central and Eastern Europe.4th european ecotourism conference, 17th to 18th April, 2017 Safranbolu, Turkey. Available at Https://Www.Academia.Edu/42162622/Women_And_Ecotourism _The_Role_Of_Women_Leaders_In_Supporting_Development_O f_Ecotourism_In_Rural_Areas_Of_Central_And_Eastern_ Europe. Retrieved 2nd May, 2019.