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Sustainable Energy. 2018, 6(1), 1-10
DOI: 10.12691/rse-6-1-1
Open AccessReview Article

A Review on Primary and Sustainable Energy Scenario in Bangladesh

Md. Nur Alam Mondal1, , Mohammad Jakaria2 and M. Mehedi Hasan3

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur-5200, Bangladesh

2Department of Economics, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur-5200, Bangladesh

3Department of Economics, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi-6205, Bangladesh

Pub. Date: February 26, 2018

Cite this paper:
Md. Nur Alam Mondal, Mohammad Jakaria and M. Mehedi Hasan. A Review on Primary and Sustainable Energy Scenario in Bangladesh. Sustainable Energy. 2018; 6(1):1-10. doi: 10.12691/rse-6-1-1


A comprehensive overview of present primary energy production and its scenario in Bangladesh has been presented in this paper. The total primary energy consumption in Bangladesh is measured about 32.4 Mtoe in 2016 with a growth rate 3.2% which is significantly high from previous years. This high energy consumption is still met by the nonrenewable sources like natural gas, coal and crude oil. As a result, this high dependency and depletion of those fossil fuels reserve as well as the growing demand of energy supply frequently arise the issue of energy sustainability. That’s why, this study is also focused on the discussion on prospect of primary energy in future as well as on exploration of the alternative energies like biomass, solar, nuclear and hydro energy to meet the growing demand of energy supply. Besides a short details on various ongoing and upcoming projects are mentioned which are undertaken by the Bangladesh government to promote renewable energy use as well as to create energy policy and regulations to attain the security and reliability of energy supply in this country.

primary energy sustainability renewable energy Bangladesh

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